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Jewish Interwar Periodical in Poland, Polish language

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

RG-18.03.01, Chwila January-December 1919



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Jewish Interwar Periodical in Poland, Polish language, 1918-1939 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Jewish Interwar Periodical in Poland, Polish language, 1918-1939Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1918 -- 1939

ID: RG-18.03/RG-18.03

Primary Creator: Editorial boards and contributors (1918 -- 1939)

Extent: 4.0 Boxes

Arrangement:

Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor

Newspapers are arranged chronologically in the array of collections as assigned by the processor

Subjects: Assassination attempt on the life of Stanislaw Wojcechowski, President of Poland, September 1924, Assassination of Symon Petliura, Paris, 1926, Assimilation and acculturation in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939, Bottwin (Botwin), Naftali, Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish), Communist Party of Western Ukraine (KPZU), 1923 -- 1939, Dawid Schreiber, lawyer, public figure, member of Polish parliament, contributor to Chwila, Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region), Eastern Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939, Emil Sommerstein, lawyer, member of Polish parliament, philosopher, contributor to Chwila, Interwar Poland, Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland, Jewish -- Ukrainian relation in interwar Poland, Jewish Community of Lwow (Lviv), interwar Poland, Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine, Jewish literary publication, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939, Jewish national minority in interwar Poland, Jewish Orthodoxy as a political representation, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939, Jewish parliamentary representation in the Sejm (Polish Parliament), 1918 -- 1939, Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939, Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia, Jewish politics in interwar Poland, Jewish Popular Party (Folkists) in Poland, 1918 --1939, Jewish Social-Democratic party (BUND) in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939, Jewish social and cultural publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939, Jewish writers of interwar time, Poland, Juliusz Wurzel, lawyer, senator of Poland, publicist, contributor to Chwila, Leon Reich, Polish-Jewish politician, Chairman of East Galician Zionist Organization, Member of Sejm, Lviv (Ukraine), Lwow (Poland), Maurycy Szymel, poet, publicist in Yiddish, contributor to Chwila, Minority Affairs in interwar Poland, National minorities, Ukrainian, Numerus Clausus, a quota reducing admission of Jewish students to Universities, Poland, Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), Periodicals, Jewish, Poland in interwar period, 1918 -- 1939, Polish Parliamentary Elections, 1919 -- 1939, Polish Socialist Party (PPS), 1918 --1939, Reflections of Jewish political and social life in interwar Poland, 1918 -- 1919, Relations between Jewish parliamentary representation and Polish state, School, Jewish, interwar Poland, Steiger, Stanislaw, Steiger Affair and Trial, 1924 -- 1925, Teofil Olshanskij, member of the Ukrainian Military Organization, a militant, Ugoda (the Agreement), Jewish -- Polish Agreement, July 1925, Ukrainian - Polish relations in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945, Ukrainian Military Organization (Ukrainska Organizacja Vojskova, UVO), Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919, West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923

Forms of Material: Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)

Languages: Polish

Abstract

This Collection contains publications of the Jewish daily Chwila (the Moment) published in Lwow (Lviv) and publications of another Zionist daily Nowy Dziennik (The New Daily) published in Krakow (Cracow) in interwar period. Both editions were Polish-language periodicals of Zionist orientation. Both periodicals were politically charged and focused on social, political, ethno-national and international issues. A number of prominent Jewish-Polish journalists wrote for these editions. Both newspapers gained respect and reputation of trustworthy periodicals from journalistic and ethical perspectives.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

In addition to  Polish language periodicals such as Chwila (the Moment), Nowy Dziennik (the New Daily), Nasz Przeglad (Our Review) it also comprises Nasz Glos (Our Voice). All these publications were regional periodicals. published in Eastern Galicia, Western Galicia and Central (Congress) Poland. The selection of the Steiger Trial coverage is organized in the collection of its own right. These Jewish, Polish language newspapers represented National Jewish (Zionist) political movement in Poland and as such positioned a political agenda in correspondence with the Jewish national cause, democratic values and proclaimed common interests with the Ukrainian national minority.

Collection Historical Note

Chwila (Moment), Jewish daily edition in Lviv from 1919-1939. Published in Polish.

Chwila, an acclaimed professional publication of moderate Zionist orientation, reported international and domestic affairs with a special emphasis on Jewish political and socio-economic life in Galicia and Poland. It also reflected on Jewish-Polish and Jewish-Ukrainian relations. It was read all over Poland by Jews and non-Jews. A cohort of the talented Jewish writers, journalists, and public figures debuted on its pages.

In comparison with the above listed editions, Chwila is most fully represented in our Archive.

Archive has daily publications from 1919-1928, 1930, 1935, and 1939.

Prominent Jewish-Polish political, public and societal figures were associated with Chwila. The circle comprising the editorial board and permanent contributors include Jewish politicians, literati, public figures and professionals. Chwila gained the reputation of highly professional and well balanced publication oriented to the Jewish National Cause.

Jewish national intelligentsia, largely professionals and men and women of liberal professions made Chwila a high-class Jewish-Polish periodical read not only by Jewish circles but also by Polish and Ukrainian readership.

Devoted protagonist of National Jewish Cause and talented literati constituted the core of the authorship. They were Leon Reich, Henryk Hescheles, Henryk Adler, Leon Weinstock, Fiszel Rotenstreich, Emil Sommerstein, Ignacy Schwarzbart, Adolf Rothfeid, Emil Schmorak, Ludwik Mund, Juliusz Worzel, Bernard Singel and Ezriel Carlebach.

A new generation of Polish-Jewish modernist writers published narratives on the pages of Chwila. Most of these names would later constitute the core of the new Polish literature. Here they are: Debora Vogel, Artur Sandauer, Chaim Loew, Pinchas Kon, Jehuda Warszawiak, Leon Gutman, Rachela Auerbachowna.

Editorial Board and Contributors largely represented the course of the Eastern Galicain Zionist Organization. Its leadership regarded a coperation, if not a political union, with the Ukrainian national movement in Eastern Galicia as one of its priorities.

The East Galician Zionist Organization and Chwila as its official publication were perhaps the only political establishments in Jewish society of Poland that endorsed the neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian military conflict over Eastern Galicia with persistent neutrality. In the Polish-dominated political milieu and under the factual governance of Polish military and civil authority, the Zionist endorsed political and military neutrality definitively translates in to anti-Polish and pro-Ukrainian stand or in other words a commitment to the right of nations to self-determination.

In the course on the interwar period, Chwila was taking an independent position in relation to the existential political and social developments in Eastern Galicia, Poland and international affairs.

The periodical covered extensively and in its own political and journalistic terms the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia, the Steiger Trial (1924 – 1925), the assassination of Simon Petliura (May 1925); the Polish-Jewish Rapprochement known as Uguoda (the Agreement); election campaigns to Polish Sejm (Parliament) and the Senate; the activities of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists; ethno-national tensions in Poland, the role and perspective of the new course in Polish politics known as Sanation; antisemitic tendencies in the politics of Polish governments, the economic setbacks and the increase of poverty of Jewish population; the rise of National Socialism in Germany and subsequent rise of autheritarism of Polish central and regional authorities and the inevitable advent of the war with Nazi Germany – to name just the major themes in the publications.

Like other Polish Jewish publications, Chwila criticized radical assimilation, supported Jewish national revival, and called for the building of a Jewish state in Palestine. At the same time, it stressed the value of contributions to Polish culture made by assimilated Jews. One of its recurring themes was the situation in higher education, reflecting the concerns of Jewish students at the University of Lwów, and the question of the numerus clausus (enrollment quotas).

The paper devoted more attention than other dailies to local and regional issues (e.g., it had a column titled “Z gminy żydowskiej” [From the Jewish Community]) and featured regular news about communities in the smaller southeastern towns (Chwila Drohobycka and Chwila Tarnopolska [Drohobycz and Tarnopol Chwila, respectively]). This local focus also reflected Chwila’s interest in Galician Jewish culture; it featured articles about the region’s towns, luminaries, and Jewish writers.

Biographical Note

Editorial boards and contributors of Jewish periodicals Chwila and Nowy Dziennik published in Polish language in Lwow (Lviv) and Krakow (Cracow) in 1918 --1939

Subject/Index Terms

Assassination attempt on the life of Stanislaw Wojcechowski, President of Poland, September 1924
Assassination of Symon Petliura, Paris, 1926
Assimilation and acculturation in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Bottwin (Botwin), Naftali
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Communist Party of Western Ukraine (KPZU), 1923 -- 1939
Dawid Schreiber, lawyer, public figure, member of Polish parliament, contributor to Chwila
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Emil Sommerstein, lawyer, member of Polish parliament, philosopher, contributor to Chwila
Interwar Poland
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Jewish -- Ukrainian relation in interwar Poland
Jewish Community of Lwow (Lviv), interwar Poland
Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine
Jewish literary publication, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Jewish Orthodoxy as a political representation, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish parliamentary representation in the Sejm (Polish Parliament), 1918 -- 1939
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Jewish politics in interwar Poland
Jewish Popular Party (Folkists) in Poland, 1918 --1939
Jewish Social-Democratic party (BUND) in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish social and cultural publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish writers of interwar time, Poland
Juliusz Wurzel, lawyer, senator of Poland, publicist, contributor to Chwila
Leon Reich, Polish-Jewish politician, Chairman of East Galician Zionist Organization, Member of Sejm
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Maurycy Szymel, poet, publicist in Yiddish, contributor to Chwila
Minority Affairs in interwar Poland
National minorities, Ukrainian
Numerus Clausus, a quota reducing admission of Jewish students to Universities, Poland
Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN)
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland in interwar period, 1918 -- 1939
Polish Parliamentary Elections, 1919 -- 1939
Polish Socialist Party (PPS), 1918 --1939
Reflections of Jewish political and social life in interwar Poland, 1918 -- 1919
Relations between Jewish parliamentary representation and Polish state
School, Jewish, interwar Poland
Steiger, Stanislaw
Steiger Affair and Trial, 1924 -- 1925
Teofil Olshanskij, member of the Ukrainian Military Organization, a militant
Ugoda (the Agreement), Jewish -- Polish Agreement, July 1925
Ukrainian - Polish relations in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian Military Organization (Ukrainska Organizacja Vojskova, UVO)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923

Administrative Information

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Sub-Collection 1: RG-18.03.01, Chwila January-December 1919, 1919Add to your cart.

This was the first year of publicaiton of the Jewish daily Chwila in Lwow (Lviv). Its editorial board and contributing authors largely oriented in national Jewish terms (Zionists) set up a course and a style for this newspaper. The periodical by the means of editorial articles and analytical publications was to serve as a voice of Jewish national minority in Eastern Galicia and in Poland. A general course of Chwila combined a two-folded mission, namely to serve and protect civil, political, economic, cultural and religious rights of Jews in Eastern Galicia as a recognized national minority and promote nation-building in Palestine as a eventual solution of Jewish question in Diaspora.

Archive has the following issues:

RG-18.03.01, Chwila, January-December 1919

            RG-18.03.01.01, Chwila, January 10, 1919, No. 1

            RG-18.03.01.02, Chwila, January 12, 1919, No. 2

            RG-18.03.01.03, Chwila, January 19, 1919, No. 8

            RG-18.03.01.04, Chwila, January 23, 1919, No. 11

            RG-18.03.01.05, Chwila, January 28, 1919, No. 15

            RG-18.03.01.06, Chwila, January 29, 1919, No. 16

RG-18.03.01.07, Chwila, January 30, 1919, No. 17

            RG-18.03.01.08, Chwila, January 31, 1919, No. 18

            RG-18.03.01.09, Chwila, February 2, 1919, No. 20

            RG-18.03.01.10, Chwila, February 6, 1919, No. 23

            RG-18.03.01.11, Chwila, February 7, 1919, No. 24

            RG-18.03.01.12, Chwila, February 8, 1919, No. 25

            RG-18.03.01.13, Chwila, February 9, 1919, No. 26

            RG-18.03.01.14, Chwila, February 10, 1919, No. 27

            RG-18.03.01.15, Chwila, February 11, 1919, No. 28

RG-18.03.01.16, Chwila, February 12, 1919, No. 29

RG-18.03.01.17, Chwila, February 13, 1919, No. 31

RG-18.03.01.18, Chwila, February 14, 1919, No. 32

RG-18.03.01.19, Chwila, February 15, 1919, No. 33

RG-18.03.01.20, Chwila, February 16, 1919, No. 34

RG-18.03.01.21, Chwila, February 17, 1919, No. 35

RG-18.03.01.22, Chwila, February 18, 1919, No. 36

RG-18.03.01.23, Chwila, February 19, 1919, No. 37

            RG-18.03.01.24, Chwila, February 20, 1919, No. 38

            RG-18.03.01.25, Chwila, February 21, 1919, No. 39

            RG-18.03.01.26, Chwila, February 22, 1919, No. 40

RG-18.03.01.27, Chwila, February 23, 1919, No. 41

RG-18.03.01.28, Chwila, February 24, 1919, No. 42

RG-18.03.01.29, Chwila, February 25, 1919, No. 43

RG-18.03.01.30, Chwila, February 26, 1919, No. 44

RG-18.03.01.31, Chwila, February 27, 1919, No. 45

RG-18.03.01.32, Chwila, February 28, 1919, No. 46

RG-18.03.01.33, Chwila, March 1, 1919, No. 47

RG-18.03.01.34, Chwila, March 2, 1919, No. 48

RG-18.03.01.35, Chwila, March 3, 1919, No. 49

RG-18.03.01.36, Chwila, March 4, 1919, No. 50

RG-18.03.01.37, Chwila, March 5, 1919, No. 51

RG-18.03.01.38, Chwila, March 6, 1919, No. 52

RG-18.03.01.39, Chwila, March 7, 1919, No. 53

RG-18.03.01.40, Chwila, March 8, 1919, No. 54

RG-18.03.01.41, Chwila, March 9, 1919, No. 55

RG-18.03.01.42, Chwila, March 10, 1919, No. 56

RG-18.03.01.43, Chwila, March 11, 1919, No. 57

RG-18.03.01.44, Chwila, March 12, 1919, No. 58

            RG-18.03.01.45, Chwila, March 13, 1919, No. 59

            RG-18.03.01.46, Chwila, March 14, 1919, No. 60

            RG-18.03.01.47, Chwila, March 15, 1919, No. 61

RG-18.03.01.48, Chwila, March 16, 1919, No. 62

            RG-18.03.01.49, Chwila, March 17, 1919, No. 63

            RG-18.03.01.50, Chwila, March 18, 1919, No. 64

RG-18.03.01.51, Chwila, March 19, 1919, No. 65

RG-18.03.01.52, Chwila, March 20, 1919, No. 66

RG-18.03.01.53, Chwila, March 21, 1919, No. 67

RG-18.03.01.54, Chwila, March 22, 1919, No. 68

RG-18.03.01.55, Chwila, March 23, 1919, No. 69

RG-18.03.01.56, Chwila, March 24, 1919, No. 70

RG-18.03.01.57, Chwila, March 25, 1919, No. 71

RG-18.03.01.58, Chwila, March 26, 1919, No. 72

RG-18.03.01.59, Chwila, March 27, 1919, No. 73

RG-18.03.01.60, Chwila, March 28, 1919, No. 74

RG-18.03.01.61, Chwila, March 29, 1919, No. 75

RG-18.03.01.62, Chwila, March 30, 1919, No. 76

RG-18.03.01.63, Chwila, March 31, 1919, No. 77

RG-18.03.01.64, Chwila, April 1, 1919, No. 78

RG-18.03.01.65, Chwila, April 2, 1919, No. 79

RG-18.03.01.66, Chwila, April 3, 1919, No. 80

RG-18.03.01.67, Chwila, April 4, 1919, No. 81

RG-18.03.01.68, Chwila, April 5, 1919, No. 82

RG-18.03.01.69, Chwila, April 6, 1919, No. 83

RG-18.03.01.70, Chwila, April 7, 1919, No. 84

RG-18.03.01.71, Chwila, April 8, 1919, No. 85

RG-18.03.01.72, Chwila, April 9, 1919, No. 86

RG-18.03.01.73, Chwila, April 10, 1919, No. 87

RG-18.03.01.74, Chwila, April 11, 1919, No. 88

RG-18.03.01.75, Chwila, April 12, 1919, No. 89

RG-18.03.01.76, Chwila, April 13, 1919, No. 90

RG-18.03.01.77, Chwila, April 14, 1919, No. 91

RG-18.03.01.78, Chwila, April 15, 1919, No. 92

RG-18.03.01.79, Chwila, April 16, 1919, No. 93

RG-18.03.01.80, Chwila, April 17, 1919, No. 94

RG-18.03.01.81, Chwila, April 18, 1919, No. 95

RG-18.03.01.82, Chwila, April 19, 1919, No. 96

RG-18.03.01.83, Chwila, April 21, 1919, No. 97

RG-18.03.01.84, Chwila, April 22, 1919, No. 98

RG-18.03.01.85, Chwila, April 23, 1919, No. 99

RG-18.03.01.86, Chwila, April 24, 1919, No. 100

RG-18.03.01.87, Chwila, April 25, 1919, No. 101

RG-18.03.01.88, Chwila, April 26, 1919, No. 102

RG-18.03.01.89, Chwila, April 27, 1919, No. 103

RG-18.03.01.90, Chwila, April 28, 1919, No. 104

RG-18.03.01.91, Chwila, April 29, 1919, No. 105

RG-18.03.01.92, Chwila, April 30, 1919, No. 106

RG-18.03.01.93, Chwila, May 1, 1919, No. 107

RG-18.03.01.94, Chwila, May 3, 1919, No. 108

RG-18.03.01.95, Chwila, May 4, 1919, No. 109

RG-18.03.01.96, Chwila, May 5, 1919, No. 110

RG-18.03.01.97, Chwila, May 6, 1919, No. 111

RG-18.03.01.98, Chwila, May 7, 1919, No. 112

RG-18.03.01.99, Chwila, May 8, 1919, No. 113

RG-18.03.01.100, Chwila, May 10, 1919, No. 114

RG-18.03.01.101, Chwila, May 11, 1919, No. 115

RG-18.03.01.102, Chwila, May 15, 1919, No. 120

RG-18.03.01.103, Chwila, May 16, 1919, No. 121

RG-18.03.01.104, Chwila, May 18, 1919, No. 122

RG-18.03.01.105, Chwila, May 21, 1919, No. 123

RG-18.03.01.106, Chwila, May 22, 1919, No. 127

RG-18.03.01.107, Chwila, May 25, 1919, No. 130

RG-18.03.01.108, Chwila, May 27, 1919, No. 132

RG-18.03.01.109, Chwila, May 31, 1919, No. 133

RG-18.03.01.110, Chwila, June 1, 1919, No. 137

RG-18.03.01.111, Chwila, June 3, 1919, No. 139

RG-18.03.01.112, Chwila, June 4, 1919, No. 140

RG-18.03.01.113, Chwila, June 5, 1919, No. 141

RG-18.03.01.114, Chwila, June 6, 1919, No. 142

RG-18.03.01.115, Chwila, June 7, 1919, No. 143

RG-18.03.01.116, Chwila, June 8, 1919, No. 144

RG-18.03.01.117, Chwila, June 9, 1919, No. 145

RG-18.03.01.118, Chwila, June 10, 1919, No. 146

RG-18.03.01.119, Chwila, June 11, 1919, No. 147

RG-18.03.01.120, Chwila, June 12, 1919, No. 148

RG-18.03.01.121, Chwila, June 13, 1919, No. 149

RG-18.03.01.122, Chwila, June 14, 1919, No. 150

RG-18.03.01.123, Chwila, June 15, 1919, No. 151

RG-18.03.01.124, Chwila, June 16, 1919, No. 152 

RG-18.03.01.125, Chwila, June 17, 1919, No. 153

RG-18.03.01.126, Chwila, June 18, 1919, No. 154

RG-18.03.01.127, Chwila, June 22, 1919, No. 158

RG-18.03.01.128, Chwila, June 23, 1919, No. 159

RG-18.03.01.129, Chwila, June 25, 1919, No. 161

RG-18.03.01.130, Chwila, June 27, 1919, No. 163

RG-18.03.01.131, Chwila, June 29, 1919, No. 165

RG-18.03.01.132, Chwila, June 30, 1919, No. 166

RG-18.03.01.133, Chwila, July 1, 1919, No. 167

RG-18.03.01.134, Chwila, July 5, 1919, No. 171

RG-18.03.01.135, Chwila, July 15, 1919, No. 181

RG-18.03.01.136, Chwila, July 22, 1919, No. 188

RG-18.03.01.137, Chwila, August 29, 1919, No. 226

RG-18.03.01.138, Chwila, August 30, 1919, No. 227

RG-18.03.01.139, Chwila, August 31, 1919, No. 228

RG-18.03.01.140, Chwila, September 2, 1919, No. 230

RG-18.03.01.141, Chwila, September 6, 1919, No. 234

RG-18.03.01.142, Chwila, September 8, 1919, No. 236

RG-18.03.01.143, Chwila, October 8, 1919, No. 273

RG-18.03.01.144, Chwila, October 21, 1919, No. 276

RG-18.03.01.145, Chwila, November 26, 1919, No. 312

RG-18.03.01.146, Chwila, December 4, 1919, No. 320

RG-18.03.01.147, Chwila, December 16, 1919, No. 332

RG-18.03.01.148, Chwila, December 30, 1919, No. 344

Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-18.03.01.01, Chwila, January 10, 1919, No. 1, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A first issue of Chwila (the Moment) appeared in Lwow (Lviv). This publication would last until the begining of September 1939. The first number of Chwila announced a program and the conception this editon would follow from now on.
Subject/Index Terms:
Transition from Austro-Hungarian Empire to the Polish independent state, 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
National minorities, Jewish
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Ukrainian - Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-18.03.01.02, Chwila, January 12, 1919, No. 2, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial articel annouces the principles of Jewish politcial and military neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian War over Eastern Galicia in 1918 -- 1919
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Periodicals, Jewish
Jewish social and cultural publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
National minorities, Ukrainian
Relations between Ukrainian population of Eastern Galicia and Polish State
Ukrainian aspirations of independence
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Conception of national self-determination
Jewish history, modern
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-18.03.01.03, Chwila, January 19, 1919, No. 8, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article criticizes unhealthy relations in the leadership of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish Religious Community, official name for the entire Jewish population of Lviv (Lwow), January 1919
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Jewish population of Eastern Galicia
Jewish Community of Lwow (Lviv), interwar Poland
Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Leadership of Lviv Religious Jewish Community, lack of integrity
Criticism of the Leadership of Lviv Jewish Religious Community, position agreeable with authorities
Jewish population of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-18.03.01.04, Chwila, January 23, 1919, No. 11, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial artice discusses the principle of Zionism with regard to the Zionist-iduced neutrality in the Polish-Ukrainian War over Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939. It is a non-Zionist perspective that this article propagates.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
East Galician Zionists with regard to the question of Ukrainian independence, 1918 --1939
Political poistion of East Galician Zionists to the legitimacy of West Ukrainian National Republic
West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923
Criticism of Jewish Neutrality in the Polish-Ukrainian conflict, 1918 --1923
Allied missions visiting Poland, 1918 --1923
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Pro-Polish vs. Pro-Ukrainian positions of Jewish politicians, 1918 --1923
Pro-Ukrainian vs. Pro-Polish positions of Jewish politicians, 1918 --1923
Assimilationist approach to Polish-Ukrainian conflict in favor of Poland
Tobiasz Aszkenaze (Aschkenase), statesman, Chairman of the Jewish Rescue Committe in Lviv (Lwow)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia as ethnic Ukrainian territory
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-18.03.01.05, Chwila, January 28, 1919, No. 15, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial articles duscusses political, social and military situation in Lviv (Lwow) with regard to the ongoing Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1919
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Periodicals, Jewish
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
International Conference in Versaile, 1919
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Boderlands conflicts in Central and Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1919
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-18.03.01.06, Chwila, January 29, 1919, No. 16, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article analyzes the Pogrom in Lviv (Lwow) of November 22 --24, 1918, when the Ukrainian forces left Lviv and the Polish forces entered the city. It was a pogrom in the Jewish districts of the city.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish Pogrom in Lviv (Lwow), November 22 -- 24, 1918
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Ukrainian - Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
Ukrainian - Polish Relations, 1918 --1941
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Conception of national self-determination
Zionist conception of national self-determination in Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
International Conference in Versaile, 1919
Polish national cause in the Versailes Conference, 1919
Ukrainian national cause in Versailles peace conferences, 1919 -- 1923
Ukrainian state-building, 1918 --1941
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Causes of the Lviv Jewish Pogrom, November 22  -- 24, 1918
Lviv Jewish Pogrom, November 1918 in the light of Polish publications
Lviv Jewish Pogrom, November 1918 in the light of Ukrainian publications
Casualties in the Livi (Lwow) Jewish Pogrom, November 1918
Jewish Rescue Committee, Lviv (Lwow), November 1918
Jewish self-defense militia established in Lviv (Lwow), November 1918
West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-18.03.01.07, Chwila, January 30, 1919, No. 17, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the tasks of re-building of the Jewish disticts in Lviv (Lwow) after the November 1918 Pogrom and the wartime. There is also an article referring to the rise of the national Jewish movement and its popularity and support with Jewish population in Eastern Galicia and Poland, 1919.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Periodicals, Jewish
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish Pogrom in Lviv (Lwow), November 22 -- 24, 1918
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Political and Civil rights of national minorities in interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
ethno-national relations in interwar Poland
National Relations in interwar Poland
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Ukrainian - Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian state-building, 1918 --1941
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-18.03.01.08, Chwila, January 31, 1919, No. 18, January 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article discusses the theme of Jewish military formation, the Jewish legions, fought in the British Army. It is inevitable for the forthcoming national Jewish state to have the arme forces of its own. In Diaspora, and in specifically in Poland, Jewish military formation are not welcome by especially by the Polish Far Right. In Palestine, although under the British mandate, creation of the Jewish military is a necessity given the tense relations between Jewish and Arab settlers and the very nature of Jewish National Home in Palestine.

On the other matters, the newspaper reflecte on the election campaigns in to the Polish Constituent Assembly and on East and Central European geopolitical situation.

Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish legions and Jewish military formation in the British Army
Jewish National Home in Palestine
Jewish legions in the British mandate Palestine
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Polish Parliamentary Elections, 1919 -- 1939
Jewish parliamentary representation in the Sejm (Polish Parliament), 1918 -- 1939
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-18.03.01.09, Chwila, February 2, 1919, No. 20, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article argues about the ideological extinguishing of Jewish assimilation as a cultural and social trend that characterized Jewish emancipation in Europe in the course of the 19th century. The articles corroborates the conception of Jewish national idea and Jewish nationalism, that is Zionism, as a new road map to attaining of Jewish national state in Erets Isroel.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish national movement (Zionism)
Jewish assimilation in Europe, 19th century
Jewish acculturation by the European culture
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Jewish Orthodoxy as a political representation, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Borderland conflicts in Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1939
Polish-Czechoslovak borderland agreement of 1919
Boderlands conflicts in Central and Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1919
Central and Eastern Europe, borderlands agreements, local, 1918 --1923
International Conference in Versaile, 1919
Series of international peace conferences, Europe, 1918 -- 1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Periodicals, Jewish
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-18.03.01.10, Chwila, February 6, 1919, No. 23, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial column begins feature a series of articles reflecting discussions between Polish and Jewish public figures and politicians about how to normalize the Polish-Jewish relations. Both sides largely focused on Jewish society as a socio-political and cultural entity. Proposition for normalization span from radical assimilation to the recognition the rights of a national minority to Jewish population with all stemming from this conception national and cultural rights.
Subject/Index Terms:
Periodicals, Jewish
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
National minorities affairs in Eastern Galicia, Jewish
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Assimilation and acculturation in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish community in the light of Polish state building cause, 1918 --1923
Dawid Schreiber, lawyer, public figure, member of Polish parliament, contributor to Chwila
Dr. Rubin Sokal, lawyer, a public figure in Lviv Jewish community
Engineer Anzelm Reiss, Jewish-Polish politician of Zionist labor party Poalei Zion
Jewish autonomy in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Mojzesz Schorr, Polish historian, public figure, rabbi, politician, Polish senator, scholar
Questionnaire on Polish-Jewish cause, 1919 in Chwila
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-18.03.01.11, Chwila, February 7, 1919, No. 24, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article analyzes and discusses the situation of Jews in Poland in 1919, when anti-Jewish mood fueled by political antisemitism posed a danger for Jews in many regions of Poland. The article entitled "Of the Justice for Jews," paraphrased the an official concept announced by the Minister of Internal Affairs, Wojcechowski, " In free Poland there shall be no place for injustice, violence and self-imposed  bad will." The article regrets about the disparity between the proclaimed goals and the rise of antisemitism and violation of Jewish civil, religious, economic and political rights in Poland.

It appeals that "The only guarantee of safety for those who are weak is the belief in justice of those who are strong," meaning Polish authorities.

Subject/Index Terms:
Antisemitism in Poland in 1918 --1923
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
anti-Jewish attitude in Polish society, 1918 --1923
Jewish pogroms in Poland, 1918 --1923
Curtailing civil, economic and political rights of Jews in Poland, 1918 –1923
Formation of Jewish parliamentary circle in the Polish Sejm (parliament), 1919
Stanislaw Wojcechowski, Polish politician, Minister of Interior, 1919-1920, President, 1922 --1926
National minorities, Jewish
Jewish community in the light of Polish state building cause, 1918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
International Conference in Versaile, 1919
Central and Eastern Europe, borderlands agreements, local, 1918 --1923
Questions of Polish borderlands discussed in the series of Paris Peace Conferences, 1919 -- 1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-18.03.01.12, Chwila, February 8, 1919, No. 25, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article argues about the first free and democratic, at least in theory, Polish Election to the Constituent Assembley, the First Sjem (of the first cadence). The authors argues that it has become obvious that the Far Right Camp or rather the coaltion of the right wing parties and movements received the majority in the Constituent Assembly (The Sejm). The left wing parties like Polish Socialists and Polish Social Democrats together with the representatives of thenational minorities are in minority.
Subject/Index Terms:
Periodicals, Jewish
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish Parliamentary Elections, 1919 -- 1939
Election in to the Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm)
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
National Democratic Movement (Endecja), Poland
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-18.03.01.13, Chwila, February 9, 1919, No. 26, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article argues about the moral legitimacy of Herman Diamand, the former member of the Austrian Parliament, and the delegate to the Polish Constituent Assembly to represent working people of Lviv (Lwow). For his views are far from social-democratic persuasion.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish political representation to the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919
Herman Diamand, Polish-Jewish politician, socialist, deputy to Polish parliament in 1919
Jewish politics in interwar Poland
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Formation of Jewish parliamentary circle in the Polish Sejm (parliament), 1919
Relations between Jewish parliamentary representation and Polish state
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Zionist principles of Jewish parliamentary representation from Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1923
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-18.03.01.14, Chwila, February 10, 1919, No. 27, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the question of Jewish national revival as a nation, frist of all, in Palestine and also in Diaspora. It cherishes an idea that the better times are still to come
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish National Home in Palestine
Jewish national movement (Zionism)
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
National minorities, Jewish
General Zionists of Eastern Galicia
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Jewish national cause on international arena, 1918 --1923
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG-18.03.01.15, Chwila, February 11, 1919, No. 28, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article continues to publish the results of the Questionnaire of the Polish-Jewish Cause, 1919
Subject/Index Terms:
Questionnaire on Polish-Jewish cause, 1919 in Chwila
Assimilation and acculturation in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish assimilation in Europe, 19th century
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Jewish autonomy in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish community in the light of Polish state building cause, 1918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Jewish dailies in Eastern Galicia,  1918 -- 1939, in Polish
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Artur Haskler, Polish-Jewish politician, member of Polish Social Democratic Party
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Emigration from Poland to Palestine as a resolution to the Jewish Question in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG-18.03.01.16, Chwila, February 12, 1919, No. 29, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article entitled To the Better Future. It argues about implementation of the Jewish national idea in termsof civil and political rights and about Jewish nation and state building in Palestine
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Jewish autonomy in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Election in to the Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm)
Jewish political representation to the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919
Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm), 1919 -- 1921
Polish parliamentary republic (1919 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: RG-18.03.01.17, Chwila, February 13, 1919, No. 31, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the election of President of Lviv (Lwow), 1919.
Subject/Index Terms:
Municipal authorities, Polish
Municipality of Lwow (Lviv)
Urban self-government, Lviv (Lwow)
Election to the municipal authorities, Lviv (Lwow)
National minorities, Jewish
National minorities, Ukrainian
Nation and state building in Poland
Jewish Community of Lwow (Lviv), interwar Poland
Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Political spectrum of Lviv (Lwow) population, 1918 --1939
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Formation of Jewish parliamentary circle in the Polish Sejm (parliament), 1919
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: RG-18.03.01.18, Chwila, February 14, 1919, No. 32, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article argues about imperative of the national Jewish education. Jewish secondary schools with secular and religious curriculum are to be reinstated and the new schools have to be established.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Jewish education as integral part of Jewish autonomy in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
National minorities, Jewish
Zionist perception of Jewish education, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish social, cultural and civil aspirations in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Jewish religious community
Jewish religious communities in Poland (1918 --1939)
Provisions and regulations with regard to the election into governing bodies of Jewish communities
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: RG-18.03.01.19, Chwila, February 15, 1919, No. 33, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses Wilsonian principles of a postwar world based on national self-determination, rights of national minorities and collective security. Paris Peace Conference is discussed.
Subject/Index Terms:
Wilsonian principles of international collective security, 1918
Wilsonian principles of national self-determination, 1918
Wilsonian principles of the rights for national minorities, 1918
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
Series of international peace conferences, Europe, 1918 -- 1923
New nation-states in Central and East Europe, 1918 --1939
National minorities in interwar Europe
National minorities, Jewish
National minorities, Ukrainian
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Periodicals, Jewish
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: RG-18.03.01.20, Chwila, February 16, 1919, No. 34, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses a Jewish national idea from its anciet religious perspective through the two thousand years of history to a nation and state building, Zionist conception. The article is entitled, Liberation.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish national movement (Zionism)
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Judaism (Jewish Religion) as Jewish ideology
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
History, Jewish
Jewish history, modern
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
The League of Nations, an international organization to maintain peace and security, 1919
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: RG-18.03.01.21, Chwila, February 17, 1919, No. 35, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article continues with the Questionnaire in Polish-Jewish cause. This discussion presented in the form of a questionnaire reflects often conflicting views on the role and place of Jewish society in the new Poland.
Subject/Index Terms:
Questionnaire on Polish-Jewish cause, 1919 in Chwila
National minorities, Jewish
Emigration from Poland to Palestine as a resolution to the Jewish Question in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish Question in interwar Poland, 1918 --1939
Political views of Polish society to the Jewish Question, 1918 --1939
Polish state with regard to the Jewish Qestion in interwar Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
Antisemitism in Poland
Teofil Merunowicz, Polish public and political figure of Eastern Galicia, 1846 -- 1919
Jozef Kreitz-Mirski, poet, educator, professor of gymanasia, Lviv, 1882 -- 1943
Jewish National Home in Palestine
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish education as integral part of Jewish autonomy in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Alled and Coalition missions in Poland, 1918 --1923
Poland (1918--1933)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: RG-18.03.01.22, Chwila, February 18, 1919, No. 36, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article analyzes a manifesto announced by the Polish socialist circle in the Constituent Assembly (the First Sejm). The members of the Polish Socialist Party (PPS) represented in the parliament appeled to national unity when Poland found itself under attach of the neighboring countries and it also deepened in the borderland conflicts.
Subject/Index Terms:
Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm), 1919 -- 1921
Geopolitical situation of Poland in 1918 --1923
Borderland conflicts in Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1939
Polish Socialist Party (PPS), 1918 --1939
Foreign politics of Poland in 1918 --1923
Jewish National Councils of East and Central European regions, 1919
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Zionist Organizations in East and Central Europe, 1918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Periodicals, Jewish
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: RG-18.03.01.23, Chwila, February 19, 1919, No. 37, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article concludes with the discussions and narratives presented by the public debates entitled as the Questionnaire in the Polish-Jewish Cause. It underlines significance of often polarized opinions and expresses hope that eventually the Polish-Jewish Cause would find a serious attention from Polish Government and Polish society.
Subject/Index Terms:
Polish state with regard to the Jewish Qestion in interwar Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Questionnaire on Polish-Jewish cause, 1919 in Chwila
Political views of Polish society to the Jewish Question, 1918 --1939
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
National minorities, Jewish
National minorities affairs in Eastern Galicia, Jewish
Political and Civil rights of national minorities in interwar Poland
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
Wilsonian principles of freedom of navigation upon the seas
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Polish Constitution of March 1921, the Constitution of the Second Polish Republic
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Publications, Zionist
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 24: RG-18.03.01.24, Chwila, February 20, 1919, No. 38, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the measures against the cheating with prices of food.
Subject/Index Terms:
Economic situation in Poland, 1918 --1923
Cheating with prices of food, Poland, 1918 --1923
Economic situation of Jews in Poland, 1918 --1923
Economic situation of Jews in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian national aspiration in Bukovina, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian national aspirations
Bukovina (Romania: Region)
Bukovina (Ukraine: Region)
Cernauti (Romania)
Chernivtsi (Ukraine)
Romania (1918--1940)
Ukrainian - Romanian conflict over Northern Bukovina, 1918 -- 1923
West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923
Aspiration for a unified Ukrainian state in ethnic Ukrainian territories, 1918 --1941
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish political publications, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Documents in Polish language
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 25: RG-18.03.01.25, Chwila, February 21, 1919, No. 39, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article resents anti-Jewish and anti-Zionist publications often appeared in Polish far-right periodicals. Polish periodicals of National-Democratic orientation (Endecja) championed in anti-Jewish campaign, criticizing Jews for lack of patriotism, deficiency of Polishness and overall in siding with the enemies of Poland.

The article in Chwila emphasized the principles of Zionism are not in dissonance with Polish statehood. Zionism, as a national Jewish movement, seeks implementation of Jewish national rights in Poland and eventually in building of a Jewish state in Palestine.

Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Anti-Jewish and anti-Zionist publications, Polish, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Zionism, Jewish national movement
Zionism, political and national theory
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Antisemitic remarks in Polish periodicals, 1918 -- 1939
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Polish political and social periodicals, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Haller Army, Polish armed forces abroad, 1919
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 26: RG-18.03.01.26, Chwila, February 22, 1919, No. 40, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article outlines a road-map for Jewish nation and state building. Stemming from Jewish historical experience, a national Jewish Idea shall ultimately be realized.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Zionism, Jewish national movement
Zionism, political and national theory
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Confidence in Jewish National Idea, Zionism
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 27: RG-18.03.01.27, Chwila, February 23, 1919, No. 41, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial articles discusses the question of the new Polish currency and related economic situation in the country, 1919.
Subject/Index Terms:
Economic situation in Poland, 1918 --1923
Inflation of currency and economic difficulties, Poland, 1918 –1923
Nation and state building in Poland
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish National Aspiration with regard to Palestine, 1918  --- 1939
Discussions of the creation of Jewish National Home in Palestine, Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Series of international peace conferences, Europe, 1918 -- 1923
Jewish National Home in Palestine, Zionist conception, 1918 -- 1939
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Periodicals, Jewish
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 28: RG-18.03.01.28, Chwila, February 24, 1919, No. 42, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses publications in Polish periodicals in relation to Polish-Jewish relations in Eastern Galicia in particular and in Poland in general
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Political views of Polish society to the Jewish Question, 1918 --1939
anti-Jewish attitude in Polish society, 1918 --1923
Polish periodicals on the Jewish Question in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
Kurjer Lwowski, periodical Polish, 1918 -- 1926
Slowo Polskie (The Polish Word), periodical Polish
Jewish Pogrom in Lviv (Lwow), November 22 -- 24, 1918
Lviv Jewish Pogrom, November 1918 in the light of Ukrainian publications
Causes of the Lviv Jewish Pogrom, November 22  -- 24, 1918
Lviv Jewish Pogrom, November 1918 in the light of Polish publications
Jewish community in the light of Polish state building cause, 1918 --1923
Criticism of Jewish Neutrality in the Polish-Ukrainian conflict, 1918 --1923
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Jewish National Aspiration with regard to Palestine, 1918  --- 1939
Political status of Palestine in the light of Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm), 1919 -- 1921
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Palestine, British Mandate Territory (1918--1948)
Documents in Polish language
The League of Nations, an international organization to maintain peace and security, 1919
Allied missions visiting Poland, 1918 --1923
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 29: RG-18.03.01.29, Chwila, February 25, 1919, No. 43, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article analyzes the statement of Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Paderewski in relation to the Jewish Question in Poland, 1919
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish Socialist Government, 1919
Political views of Polish society to the Jewish Question, 1918 --1939
anti-Jewish attitude in Polish society, 1918 --1923
Ignacy Paderewski, politician, pianist, Prime Minister of Poland in 1919
Ignacy Paderewski, statement on Jewish equality in Poland, 1919
National minorities, Jewish
Wilsonian principles of the rights for national minorities, 1918
National minorities in interwar Europe
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Jewish cause in Poland, 1918 --1939
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 30: RG-18.03.01.30, Chwila, February 26, 1919, No. 44, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article declares the guiding principles of Chwila (the Moment) as a tribune to voice concerns and goals of Jewish society in Eastern Galicia in particular and in Poland in general.

It also clarify and disproof the accusations of un-patriotism from the Polish far right and centrist periodicals in Lviv (Lwow)

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
anti-Jewish attitude in Polish society, 1918 --1923
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Political views of Polish society to the Jewish Question, 1918 --1939
Poish public opinion views Jews of Eastern Galicia as un-patriotic to the Polish cause, 1918 --1939
Polish periodicals, 1918 -- 1939
Polish political and social periodicals, 1918 -- 1939
Slowo Polskie (The Polish Word), periodical Polish
Kurjer Lwowski, periodical Polish, 1918 -- 1926
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
National minorities, Jewish
National minorities, Ukrainian
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Tobiasz Aszkenaze (Aschkenase), statesman, Chairman of the Jewish Rescue Committe in Lviv (Lwow)
Jewish Rescue Committee, Lviv (Lwow), 1918 -- 1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Anti-Jewish atrocities, Poland, 1918 -- 1923
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 31: RG-18.03.01.31, Chwila, February 27, 1919, No. 45, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the course of Jewish history through the prism of stateless situation. The articles argues of a Jewish Culture as a cementing force and foundation for the existence of Jews as a people.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
The role of Jewish culture in preservation of Jewish nation in the course of history
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Jewish National Home in Palestine, Zionist conception, 1918 -- 1939
Formation of Polish independent state, 1918 -- 1923
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
The Cause of Polish statehood, 1918 --1939
Periodicals, Jewish
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Borderland conflicts in Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1939
Polish-Czechoslovak borderland agreement of 1919
Building a Jewish national home in Palestine, 1918 --1939
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 32: RG-18.03.01.32, Chwila, February 28, 1919, No. 46, February 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article publishes the course of parliamentary speeches delivered by the members of Jewish Parliamentary Circe in the Polish Constituent Assembly (the First Sejm, 1919). Those were the programs and visions of Jewish Political Spectrum in Poland, united as the Jewish Parliamentary representation, 1919
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Composition of the Jewish parliamentary representation at the Polish First Sejm, 1919 --1921
Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm), 1919 -- 1921
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Abraham Perlmuter, Rabbi, Member of the Polish Constituent Assembly, Political Orthodoxy, pro-Polish
Noach Prylucki, Member of Constituent Assembly, Folkist, Jewish national-democrat in 1922 -1927
Polish parliamentary representation, Polish Consituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Ukrainian Parliamentary Representation, Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Formation of Polish independent state, 1918 -- 1923
The Cause of Polish statehood, 1918 --1939
Relations between Jewish parliamentary representation and Polish state
Ukrainian unacceptance of Polish statehood, 1918-- 1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Ukrainian national aspirations
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Political views of Polish society to the Jewish Question, 1918 --1939
Polish societal perception of Jewish population in Poland
Ukrainian societal perception of Jewish population in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 33: RG-18.03.01.33, Chwila, March 1, 1919, No. 47, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article reflects on the parliamentary debates of the Polish Constituent Assembly (the First Sejm), 1919 –1921
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm), 1919 -- 1921
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish Question in interwar Poland, 1918 --1939
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Formation of Polish independent state, 1918 -- 1923
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Polish state with regard to the Jewish Qestion in interwar Poland, 1918 -- 1939
The Cause of Polish statehood, 1918 --1939
Ukrainian unacceptance of Polish statehood, 1918-- 1923
Jewish Question with regard to Polish statehood
The question of national minorities with regard to Polish statehood
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
National minorities, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 34: RG-18.03.01.34, Chwila, March 2, 1919, No. 48, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article exposes political agenda of the Jewish Orthodoxy as a political movement. The text analyzes political status and influence of the Orthodox party Agudath Yisrael. A Zionist approach to this party is overall negative for the Agudath Yisrael does not support a National Idea of Jewish revival and by and large take a pro-government position.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish Orthodoxy as a political movement
Agudath Yisrael, a Jewish orthodox political party of pro-government position
Anti-Zionist position of Agudath Yisrael, 1918 --1939
Anti-assimilationist position of Agudath Yisrael, 1918 --1939
Pro-Polish government position of Agudath Yisrael, 1918 --1939
Juda Leib Landau, progressive rabbi, Eastern Galicia
Gedaljia Schelkes, progressive rabbi, Eastern Galicia
Abraham Perlmuter, Rabbi, Member of the Polish Constituent Assembly, Political Orthodoxy, pro-Polish
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Criticism of Jewish Orthodoxy from the East Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Martin Buber, Jewish religious philosopher
Jewish national minority in interwar Poland
Jewish nation and state building, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Polish-Ukrainian negotiations in the course of the conflict in Eastern Galicia
National minorities, Ukrainian
Ukrainian national aspirations
Aspiration for a unified Ukrainian state in ethnic Ukrainian territories, 1918 --1941
Eastern Galicia as ethnic Ukrainian territory
The Cause of Polish statehood, 1918 --1939
Ukrainian state-building, 1918 --1941
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 35: RG-18.03.01.35, Chwila, March 3, 1919, No. 49, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article analyzes the police investigation against the so-called Krakow Jewish conspirators who allegedly were conspiring on the Ukrainian side against the Polish state. The article proves that reportages in Polish periodicals are highly exaggerated and there was no Jewish conspiracy in a way presented by Polish publications.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Police investigation in Jewish circles of Cracow, 1919
Alliance between the Jewish political groups and Ukrainian national movement as presented in 1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Criticism of Jewish Neutrality in the Polish-Ukrainian conflict, 1918 --1923
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jakob Billg, supporter of the Ukrainian cause in Eastern Galicia
Henryk Rosek, supporter of Ukrainian cause in Eastern Galicia
Anti-Jewish and anti-Zionist publications, Polish, 1918 --1939
Political and literary publications, Polish
Jewish pro-Ukrainian group in Cracow, 1918
Slowo Polskie (The Polish Word), periodical Polish
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Jewish political spectrum in Cracow
Cracow Police, Polish
Anti-Jewish insinuation, Polish
anti-Ukrainian insinuation, Polish
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Cracow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 36: RG-18.03.01.36, Chwila, March 4, 1919, No. 50, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the questions of economic reconstruction of Galician industry and agriculture.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Eastern Galicia, economic reconstruction, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia, Industry, 1918 -- 1939
Eastern Galicia, Agriculture, 1918 --1939
Polish, Ukrainian and Jewish society of Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Eastern Galicia, history
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Periodicals, Jewish
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Interwar Poland
Jewish -- Ukrainian relation in interwar Poland
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 37: RG-18.03.01.37, Chwila, March 5, 1919, No. 51, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article exposes, in a Zionist view, outdated and unwarranted for the given political moment, the outlook of the former Jewish-Austrian parliamentarian Natan Lowenstein, who was also represented Eastern Galician Jewish community at the Polish Constituent Assembly (the First Sejm of the Second Polish Republic).
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Natan Loewenstein, Jewish-Polish parliamentarian, apologete of Jewish-Polish assimilation
Assimilation and acculturation in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1939
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Assimilationist approach to Polish-Ukrainian conflict in favor of Poland
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Zionist principles of Jewish parliamentary representation from Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1923
Eastern Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Criticism of assimilation on the part of East Galician Zionist Organization, 1918 --1939
Composition of the Jewish parliamentary representation at the Polish First Sejm, 1919 --1921
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
National minorities affairs in Eastern Galicia, Jewish
Politics of Eastern Galician Zionist with regard to Assimilationists
Polish Constituent Assembly (Sejm), 1919 -- 1921
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Drohobycz (Poland)
Drohobych (Ukraine)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 38: RG-18.03.01.38, Chwila, March 6, 1919, No. 52, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses principles and perspectives of the League of Nation, as  world regulator of peace and stability in the light of the Wilsonian 14 Points.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Wilsonian principles of freedom of navigation upon the seas
Wilsonian principles of international collective security, 1918
The League of Nations, an international organization to maintain peace and security, 1919
Wilsonian principles of national self-determination, 1918
Wilsonian principles of the rights for national minorities, 1918
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
International cooperation and security under the Mandate of the League of Nation
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
National minorities, Jewish
National minorities, Ukrainian
Formation of Polish independent state, 1918 -- 1923
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Ukrainian political spectrum in Eastern Galicia, 1941 -- 1945
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 39: RG-18.03.01.39, Chwila, March 7, 1919, No. 53, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article exposes the official establishments of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish Religious Community through the prism of criticism. Its leadership, in the view of Galician Zionists in general and of the Chwila editorial board in particular, do not fit the enormity of tasks and challenges of the given time. Lviv (Lwow) Jewish Religious Community remains the only officially recognized autonomous Jewish representative organization. It formally unified all Jewish population of the city regardless of the formers’ religious beliefs. Therefore the Community as the official Jewish representation vis-à-vis the Polish administration and Ukrainian community shall act in accordance with the interest of all-Jewish population regardless to the political affiliation of the leadership of this Community.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Leadership of Lviv Religious Jewish Community, lack of integrity
Political spectrum of the Lviv (Lwow) Jewish population, 1918 --1939
Lviv (Lwow)  Jewish Religious Community as a political, economic, and cultural representation
The Role of Lviv (Lwow) Jewish Religious Community, 1918 --1939
Autonomy and self-goverance of the Lviv Jewish Religious Community
Polish administration with regard to Lviv Jewish Religious Community, 1918 --1939
Political spectrum of the representative and legislative bodies of Lviv Jewish Religious Community
Criticism of the leadership of the Lviv Jewish Religious Community from East Galician Zionists
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Polish-Ukrainian negotiations in the course of the conflict in Eastern Galicia
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Jewish national movement (Zionism)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Political situation in Germany, 1919
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 40: RG-18.03.01.40, Chwila, March 8, 1919, No. 54, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses financial issues related to the re-structuring of the former unified Austro-Hungarian currency for the new independent states emerged out of the disintegrated empire.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Restructuring of the former unified Austro-Hungarian currency for the new national currencies
New national currencies of independent states emerge out of disintegration of Austria-Hungary
Monetary politics of the new independent states that former constituted Austria-Hungary
Financial obligations of the new independent states that former constituted Austria-Hungary
Monetary control exercised by the new independent states that constituted Austria-Hungary
Financial issues faced by the new independent states
Perspectives for financial independence of the new independent states
Transitional monetary period for Poland, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
Zionist representation at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Jewish National Home in Palestine
Political situation in Centarl Europe, Austria and Germany
Questions of Polish borderlands discussed in the series of Paris Peace Conferences, 1919 -- 1923
Establishing of Polish state borders in 1918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 41: RG-18.03.01.41, Chwila, March 9, 1919, No. 55, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article, entitled Suum Cuique (To each his own), endorses integration of the Jews into Polish society as citizens endowed with all civil rights. By exercising the equal civil rights as Poles, they shall embrace also the equal responsibility for the state. The article propagate a new type of a Jew of Polish origin. A Jew-Pole shall not be an ardent Polish assimilationist. A new meaning of the Jew-Pole lies in the so desired civil Polish nation, unifying ethnic, religious and cultural discrimination by the means of civic virtues.

The articles opens with the program statement: “cives Poloni, natione Judae.” Rephrasing the Latin definition of nationhood, it sounds like the Polish citizen of Jewish nationality (not denomination).

The article also emphasize the common good when citizens of a stat may re-interpret another glorious Latin definition: Civis romanus sum (I am a Roman citizen).

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish societal perception of Jewish population in Poland
Polish state peception of Jews in ehtno-national terms, 1918 --1939
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Polish-Jewish  coexistance without preconditioned assimilation, 1918 --1939
Jewish loyalty to Polish State shall not be translated into pure assimilation
Conditions of Jewish loyalty to the Polish state, 1918 --1939
Suum cuique, Latin -- to each his own
Civis romanus sum, Latin -- I am a Roman citizen
Theory of state and nation, 1918 --1939
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Jewish Question in interwar Poland, 1918 --1939
Dr. Zoll, superintendant of the Galician School District, 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 42: RG-18.03.01.42, Chwila, March 10, 1919, No. 56, March 1919 staAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article introduces one of the Lord Balfour’s program statements on the principles of building Jewish National Home in Palestine by the means of the Zionist Theory. Lord Balfour asserts to the Zionist principles of Jewish revival by building Jewish national home exclusively in Palestine. In his opinion, it is a historically, geopolitically and nationally viable conception that shall not be modified in terms of the territory. He also attests to the utmost necessity to consider Palestine a prospective territory for the ultimately revive Jewish national state. It is Palestine that integrates in Jewish view the revitalization of the statehood, traditions, culture, religious practice and shall give an impetus for the modern nation and state building.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Zionism, Jewish national movement
Zionism, political and national theory
Arthur Balfour, The Earl of Balfour, British politician, author of pro-Zionist declaration
The Balfour Declaration in favor of establishment in Palestine a Jewish national home
Confidence in Jewish National Idea, Zionism
Jewish National Home in Palestine
British Foreign Office, British government
Jewish cause in Poland, 1918 --1939
Jewish cause in international arena, 1918 --1939
Palestine, British Mandate Territory (1918--1948)
Ottoman Empire (1900 -- 1918)
Spectrum of Jewish political movements in Poland, 1918 -- 1939
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Election to the municipal authorities, Lviv (Lwow)
Lwow (Poland)
National minorities, Jewish
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Political situation in Germany, 1919
Political Spectrum in Germany, 1919
Composition of German government in 1919
Confrontation in German government and society, 1919
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 43: RG-18.03.01.43, Chwila, March 11, 1919, No. 57, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article exposes challenges of how to establish a democratic national school system free from dogma and privileges for the titular nation.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Zionist perception of Jewish education, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
New principles of the education system in Poland, 1918 --1923
Democratic and nationally suitable school system for all population of Poland, 1918 --1923
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Questions of Polish borderlands discussed in the series of Paris Peace Conferences, 1919 -- 1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 44: RG-18.03.01.44, Chwila, March 12, 1919, No. 58, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses financial difficulties of the transitional period before the national currency is introduced.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish monetary politics in 1918 --1923
Economic situation in Poland, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Polish-Ukrainian negotiations in the course of the conflict in Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia as ethnic Ukrainian territory
Establishing of Polish state borders in 1918 --1923
Building a Jewish national home in Palestine, 1918 --1939
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 45: RG-18.03.01.45, Chwila, March 13, 1919, No. 59, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial articles discusses conceptual questions of Jewish self-identification in relation to political movements. The author argues that Jewish self-identification only correlates with the Jewish national idea in secular or religious form, however the prominent communist politicians and public figures of Jewish descent have nothing in common with Jewishness per se. “Jews do not serve to the strange gods,” concludes the article.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
International Socialist Movement, 20th century
International Socialist Congresses, 20th century
Bern (Switzerland)
Monetary reforms in interwar Europe
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Revolution in Germany, 1919
German political spectrum, 1918 --1923
Jewish national self-identification
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Prominent public and politica figurers of Jewish descent in Communist movement
Bolshevik politicians of Jewish descent in the government of Soviet Russia, 1917 --1928
Jewish religious self-identification
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Germany (1918--1933)
Berlin (Germany)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 46: RG-18.03.01.46, Chwila, March 14, 1919, No. 60, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article exposes instability and humanitarian hardships of the so-called “Great Times” that in reality is a transitional period and as they are formally dubbed “Spring of Peoples”, it is rather a cold spring or winter for the people who suffer from political and social instability, from the warfare, from intolerance and prejudices
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Tansition to interwar Europe, 1918 -- 1923
Nation and state building in Poland
Geopolitical situation in Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1923
Geopolitical situation of Poland in 1918 --1923
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Politico-administrative organization of Eastern Galician region, 1918 --1923
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Chwila, analytical narratives
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 47: RG-18.03.01.47, Chwila, March 15, 1919, No. 61, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article presents the vision of the Jewish Question in Poland by the interpretation of Professor Grabski. The latter stemming from the premises of being a real politician, realizes the necessity of the certain concessions to the Jews, although under the provisions of state-imposed control. He, in particular, denies to the Jews political and rights as to the nation or people, admitting only the stage of nation-building for Jews.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Chwila, analytical narratives
Polish conservative vision of Jewish people in Poland, 1918 --1939
Jewish Question with regard to Polish statehood
Wladyslaw Grabski, Polish politiciian of National Democracy, Prime Minister of Poland
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Polish state peception of Jews in ehtno-national terms, 1918 --1939
Jewish autonomy in Poland as seen by National Democrats
Wladyslaw Grabski on Jewish autonomy in Poland
National Democratic Movement (Endecja), Poland
Polish political spectrum, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Antisemitism in Polish periodicals, 1918 -- 1939
Periodicals, Jewish
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 48: RG-18.03.01.48, Chwila, March 16, 1919, No. 62, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article follows up the yesterday’s interview with Professor Wladyslaw Grabski. The editorial board marks Professor Grabski’s recognition of the distinct Jewish community of 3 million people.

According to the editorial board of Chwila, the Jews in Poland aspire to equal citizenship and equal responsibilities. It is the prerogative and responsibility of the Polish State to ensure to the Jews equality in citizenship, as well as support of Jewish traditional culture, religion and education. Such dualism shall only serve for common good.

A program article investigates the allegations by Polish military authorities in Western Galicia (General Roja) for the formation of Jewish Militia. General Roja states that he banned any unauthorized Jewish military formation and allowed establishment of the Jewish units exclusively as part of Polish armed forces.

Representation of the Jewish Public Committee (also the Jewish Committee of Public Safety) clarified this issue by bringing force the official references of the Polish military authorities who at the earlier time approved of the formation and self-defense activity of the Jewish Militia.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish Question with regard to Polish statehood
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Conception of Jewish loyalty to the Polish State, 1918 --1939
Wladyslaw Grabski, Polish politiciian of National Democracy, Prime Minister of Poland
Wladyslaw Grabski on Jewish autonomy in Poland
Zionist conception of Jewish loyalty to the Polish State, 1918  --1939
Polish monetary politics in 1918 --1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Establishing of Polish state borders in 1918 --1923
Committee of Jewish Safety, Eastern Galicia, 1918
The Jewish Rescue Committee, Eastern Galicia, 1918
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Necessity of Jewish self-defense in the Polish-Ukrainian conflict, 1918 -- 1919
Jewish Militia, Eastern Galicia, 1918
Jewish Militia, Krakow (Cracow), Western Galicia, 1919
General Boleslaw Roja, chief military commander in Western Galicia, 1919
Dr. Ozjasz Thon, Cracow, Zionist politician, sociologist, Rabbi, Member of Polish Sejm, 1870 -- 1936
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Cracow (Poland)
Krakow, Poland
Western Galicia (Poland: Region)
Revolution in Germany, 1919
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 49: RG-18.03.01.49, Chwila, March 17, 1919, No. 63, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the History of Jewish people as a religious community and as nation. The article connotes Jewish national aspiration of equal citizenry and of building a National Home in Palestine.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Confidence in Jewish National Idea, Zionism
Jewish National Home in Palestine, Zionist conception, 1918 -- 1939
History, Jewish
Jewish history, modern
Jewish Representation at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Ukrainian political representation at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 -- 1923
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Antisemitic publication, Polish
Kurjer Lwowski, periodical Polish, 1918 -- 1926
Antisemitism in Polish periodicals, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 50: RG-18.03.01.50, Chwila, March 18, 1919, No. 64, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article analyzes the Jewish educational system in France. This system comprises Jewish religious school that are not under state authority and the Jewish general education’s school that are equated to the public school. The article concludes: it is different in Poland.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Zionist perception of Jewish education, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
Analysis of Jewish education in France, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations in education in Poland, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
Zionist agenda at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Acceptance of the Zionist conception at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Monetary politics in interwar Poland
Transition to Polish national currency, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 51: RG-18.03.01.37, Chwila, March 5, 1919, No. 51, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article takes a position of full support of the national Jewish self-identification as a national minority with all related to this matter administrative reforms. The article criticizes, as they brand it, an Austro-Hungarian way of Jewish parliamentarism, largely integrated into the Polish political circle. The article regards Natan Loewenstein as one such parliamentarian of the past. His conception of a Jew-Pole as a perspective of Jewish integration into Polish society is credible. Its incredibility accept to some extent, its former proponent, Natan Loewenstein.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national self-identification
Arguments for the perspective of Jewish national development in interwar Poland
Jewish national idea as an alternative to assimilation
Natan Loewenstein, Jewish-Polish parliamentarian, apologete of Jewish-Polish assimilation
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Zionist principles of Jewish parliamentary representation from Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1923
Conception of a Jew-Pole as a premise for the Jewish integration into Polish society, 1918 -- 1939
Jewish parliamentary representation of Eastern Galicia, 1922 -- 1939
Search and discussion of the new principles in Polish-Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 52: RG-18.03.01.52, Chwila, March 20, 1919, No. 66, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Editorial article discusses the course of transitional monetary reform in Poland. It also argues about financial matters on the state and people levels.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Monetary politics in interwar Poland
Polish monetary politics in 1918 --1923
Polish Financial Institution, 1918 --1939
Transitional monetary period for Poland, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Polish military leadership, 1918 --1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Ukrainian - Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923
Political poistion of East Galician Zionists to the legitimacy of West Ukrainian National Republic
Mojzesz Waldman, Galician Zionist, supporter of the West Ukrainian National Republic
Ukrainian recognition of Jewish national rights, 1918
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 53: RG-18.03.01.53, Chwila, March 21, 1919, No. 67, March 1919Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Editorial article argues against the Polish constituent Sejm (parliament) position of not recognition to Jews in Poland the national rights as a distinct people. The Sejm, however, not unanimously prefers to regard Jews as a religious community.

Jewish national movement and the majority of non-Zionist parties are unanimous in the necessity for the common good of recognition to the Jews in Poland the rights of national minority, not a religious community. The assimilationist trend is also not a solution to the Jewish Question in Poland.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish national idea of national minority with regard to religious community
Jewish Question in interwar Poland, 1918 --1939
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Noach Prylucki, Polish-Jewish politician, folkist, member of Polish Sejm, 1919 --1921; 1922 - 1927
Monetary politics in interwar Poland
Polish financial politics in transitional period, 1918 --1923
Lwow (Lviv) Municipal Council, 1918 --1939
Sessions of Lwow (Lviv) Municipal Council, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 54: RG-18.03.01.54, Chwila, March 22, 1919, No. 68, March 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article exposes the largely negative attitude of Polish political spectrum to the Jewish population in Poland. The National – People’s Party (Zwiazek Ludowo-Narodowy or Endecja) regards Jews of Poland as unfortunate historic factor.

The far right Polish parties treat Jews as a non-patriotic and often anti-Polish entity.

The authors of this article state their optimism in eventual rapprochement between Jews and Polish society.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish Question in interwar Poland, 1918 --1939
Polish far right parties with regard to the Jewish Question in Poland, 1918 --1939
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish Question in Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
National - People's Union (Zwizek Ludowo-Narodowy, Endecja), Polish nationalist party, 1918 --1928
Confrontation between the Camp of Sanation and Polish National Democrats, 1918 --1928
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Zionist principles of Jewish parliamentary representation from Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1923
Jewish National Council in Poland, 1918 --1923
Political representation of Jewish National Council
Jewish National Council of Poland on international arena, 1918 --1923
Formation of Polish independent state, 1918 -- 1923
Establishing of Polish state borders in 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 55: RG-18.03.01.55, Chwila, March 23, 1919, No. 69, March 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article reflects on the Polish parliamentary debates of the Jewish Question in Poland. These debates took the floor of the Polish Constituent Assembly in 1919.

Stanislaw Gabinski, representative of the National – Peoples Union (Zwiazek Ludowo-Narodowy, Endecja),  a far right Polish nationalist party, came up with the initiative of the establishment of the parliamentary Commission in Jewish Question in Poland. This Commission should fifteen members of the Sejm and ten Jewish members of the Sejm who represent Jewish political spectrum in the Sejm.

Polish far right and nationalistic parties accused Polish Jews of bringing up the internal question of Polish-Jewish relations into the light of international community and specifically on to the Paris Peace Conference.

The Jewish members of the Sejm agreed to the establishment of a mixed Commission in Jewish Question, although with a reservation of the endowing this commission with right of law-making. Otherwise, a consultative commission, only collecting documents and suggesting recommendation would not show any efficacy.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Commission of the Jewish Question in Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish National Aspiration at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Stanislaw Glabinski, Polish politician of the National-People's Union, a far right party, 1918-1928
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish parliamentary representation aspires to the recognition of national rights, 1919 -1921
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Warsaw (Poland)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Ukrainian delegation at the Paris Peace Conference
Polish delegation at the Paris Peace Conference
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 56: RG-18.03.01.56, Chwila, March 24, 1919, No. 70, March 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article continues reflects on the parliamentary debates in relation to the Jewish Question in Poland.

The article reports on the speech of the parliamentarian from the Polish Socialist Party Rudzinski and the Jewish parliamentarian from Lodz, r. Rosenblatt.

Dr. Rosenblatt dismisses stereotypical and largely antisemitic anti-Jewish conception of parliamentarian Glabinksi from the National – People’s Union (Zwiazek Ludowo – Narodowy, Endecja). He also criticizes the assimilationist trend that instigate a false notion of non-existence of Jews as a nation in general and as a national minority in Poland. The assimilationist, which in the view of Dr. Rosenblatt is a minority, comprising Jewish intelligentsia, regard Jews as the Poles of Jewish descent.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Commission of the Jewish Question in Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Documents in Polish language
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Jewish National Aspiration at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish national aspirations for civil and political rights, Eastern Galicia, 918 --1923
Jewish parliamentary circle in the First Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Jewish parliamentary representation aspires to the recognition of national rights, 1919 -1921
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Position of the Polish Socialist Party in the Jewish Question at the Constituent Assembly
National - People's Union (Zwizek Ludowo-Narodowy, Endecja), Polish nationalist party, 1918 --1928
Stanislaw Glabinski, Polish politician of the National-People's Union, a far right party, 1918-1928
Position of the National-People's Union (Plolish far right party) in the Jewish Question in Poland
Jewish parliamentary representation of the Great Poland (Congress Poland) the Constituent Assembly
Perception of Jews by Polish National Democrats, stereotypical and antisemitic, 1918 --1939
Jerzy Rosenblat, medical doctor, Zionist, member of the Polish Constituent Assembly from Lodz
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Periodicals, Jewish
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Warsaw (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Building a Jewish national home in Palestine, 1918 --1939
Palestine, British Mandate Territory (1918--1948)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 57: RG-18.03.01.57, Chwila, March 25, 1919, No. 71, March 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article reports on the discussion held in the Polish Constituent Assembly with regard to the Jewish Question in Poland.

Dr. Herman Diamand, Jewish parliamentarian representing a working district of Lwow (Lviv), although rather an assimilationist, supports the establishment of the parliamentary commission in Jewish Question. He states that Jewish assimilation in to Polish culture is not decreasing, oppositely it remains a significant trend in Jewish society, especially in Eastern Galicia.

He also indicates that a distorted economic structure of Jewish society has been inherited from the past and it does reflect all the restrictions imposed on Jewish emancipation in the partitioned territories of Poland, as well as in the independent Poland. In his opinion, a normal manual labor and the productive professions shall become a normality for Jewish society in Poland.

Noach Prylucki, folkist, a Jewish parliamentarian, states that the Jewish Question as an issue was not only the result of the politics conducted by the partitioning states by to a significant degree it has emanated from the antiseptic politics of the Polish National-Democracy (National – Democratic Union or Zwiazek Ludowo – Narodowy, Endecja).

He argues that Jewish cultural-personal autonomy in Poland does not imply the anti-state cause, oppositely it implies Jewish loyalty to the Polish statehood and uplifting of Polish-Jewish relation to a new, beneficial for both sides, level.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Commission of the Jewish Question in Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Position of the Polish Socialist Party in the Jewish Question at the Constituent Assembly
Position of the National-People's Union (Plolish far right party) in the Jewish Question in Poland
Herman Diamand, Polish-Jewish politician, socialist, deputy to Polish parliament in 1919
Noach Prylucki, Polish-Jewish politician, folkist, member of Polish Sejm, 1919 --1921; 1922 - 1927
Jewish cultural-personal autonomy, debated in the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919-1921
Jewish National Aspiration at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Jewish parliamentary representation aspires to the recognition of national rights, 1919 -1921
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Lwow (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Jewish Question, discussed at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 - 1923
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 58: RG-18.03.01.58, Chwila, March 26, 1919, No. 72, March 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article reflects on the administrative reforms, discussed by the Polish Constituent Assembly
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Administrative reform regarding nominations for the official positions, Polish Constituent Assembly
Jewish Question, discussed at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 - 1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Polish new borders, discussed at the Paris Peace Conference
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Polish state building, 1918 --1923
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Warsaw (Poland)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 59: RG-18.03.01.59, Chwila, March 27, 1919, No. 73, March 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article expresses satisfaction and emphasizes significance of the women’s representation in the Polish Parliament (Sejm).
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Polish Constituent Assembly, women-parliamentarians, 1919 - 1921
Socialist Revolution in Hungary, March 1919
Hungary (1918 --1920)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Zionist principles of Jewish national revival, 1918 --1923
Jewish pogroms in Ukraine, 1919 -- 1920
Jewish Pogrom in Berdichev, Ukraine, 1919
Jewish Pogrom in Ovruch, 1919
Jewish Pogrom in Balta, Ukraine, 1919
Jewish Pogrom in Proskurov, 1919
Jewish Pogrom in Yelisavetgrad, 1919
The bill for the general conscription in Poland, Constituent Assembly, 1919
Dr. Ozjasz Thon, Cracow, Zionist politician, sociologist, Rabbi, Member of Polish Sejm, 1870 -- 1936
Jewish parliamentary representation support the bill of the general conscription, Sejm, 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Warsaw (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 60: RG-18.03.01.60, Chwila, March 28, 1919, No. 74, March 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article reflects on antisemitic atrocities in Lwow (Lviv) in November 1918, known as the Lwow (Lviv) pogrom. It connects it with ongoing insinuations against Jews emitted from the camp of National-People’s Union (Zwiazek Ludowo-Narodowy, Endecja).

The new anti-Jewish atrocities took place in Upper Silesia, in Dabrowa. Once again the same 10th Regiment that entered Lwow (Lviv) on November 21, 1918 and allegedly met hostility from the Jews, acted against the Jews in Dabrowa.

The articles expresses the hope on the balanced and actions on the part of Polish authority who shall restore the order and justice.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish Pogrom in Lviv (Lwow), November 22 -- 24, 1918
Position of the National-People's Union (Plolish far right party) in the Jewish Question in Poland
Anti-Jewish atrocities in Poland, 1918 --1923
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Jewish national aspirations, interwar Poland
Jewish National Aspiration at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Accusation of Jews of anti-Polish activities, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Dabrowa Gornicza (Poland)
Anti-Jewish atrocities in Dabrowa Gornicza, 1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Polish - Ukrainian negotiations, 1919
Socialist Revolution in Hungary, March 1919
Hungary (1918 --1920)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 61: RG-18.03.01.61, Chwila, March 29, 1919, No. 75, March 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article reflects on Modern European History in relation to the Jewish History
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish history, modern
European History, medieval, early modern and modern times
Jewish Rescue Committee, Lviv (Lwow), 1918 -- 1923
Jewish Rescue Committee is obliged to supply Jewish labor force to military authorities, Lwow, 1919
Quotas of Jewish labor force for the Polish military authorities in Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Emil Parana, lawyer, Chairman of the Jewish Rescue Committee in Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Polish - Ukrainian negotiations, 1919
Polish-Ukrainian negotiations in the course of the conflict in Eastern Galicia
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Ignacy Paderewski, politician, pianist, Prime Minister of Poland in 1919
Ignacy Paderewski (Prime Minister) and his Cabinet against anti-Jewish atrocities, 1919
Socialist Revolution in Hungary, March 1919
Hungary (1918 --1920)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 62: RG-18.03.01.62, Chwila, March 30, 1919, No. 76, March 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article reflects on the Polish monetary adjustment and financial politics in the transitional period, 1918 --1923.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Transitional monetary period for Poland, 1918 --1923
Polish financial politics in transitional period, 1918 --1923
Obligatory forced labor conscription for Jews, established by Polish military authority, Lwow (Lviv)
Jewish Rescue Committee, Lviv (Lwow), 1918 -- 1923
Allied International Commission visits Poland, inquires in the situation of Jews, 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Warsaw (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 63: RG-18.03.01.63, Chwila, March 31, 1919, No. 77, March 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article discusses the course of the Paris Peace Conference, 1919.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
The course of Paris Peace Conference, 1919
The Council of Four or the Council of Ambassadors of France, Great Britain, Italy and US
Jewish Congress in Sweden, 1919
Political developments in Germany, 1919
Karl Liebknecht, German socialist, co-founder of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party, Ger
Rosa Luxemburg, Marxist theorist, philosopher, economist and revolutionary of Polish Jewish descent
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Polish-Ukrainian war, military situation near Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Germany (1918--1933)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 64: RG-18.03.01.64, Chwila, April 1, 1919, No. 78, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article analyzes the monetary reforms and financial politics of the Polish state in the transitional period, 1918 -- 1923
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Transitional monetary period for Poland, 1918 --1923
Polish financial politics in transitional period, 1918 --1923
Communist Regime in Hungary, 1919
Hungary (1918 --1920)
Jewish periodicals about Palestine, 1918 --1939
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 65: RG-18.03.01.65, Chwila, April 2, 1919, No. 79, April 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial Article exposes the hardship of the Jewish population in Lwow (Lviv) under the Polish – Ukrainian war. The Jews are falsely accused of profiteering, however, they are in the much more precarious position than the Christian population of the city.

The Jews do fulfil their duties for the city. They are, however, not treated equally and often abused by the Polish military and civil authority.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Situation with the food supplies in the city during the Polish-Ukrainian war, 1918 -- 1919
Profiteering with food in Lwow (Lviv) under siege, 1918 --1919
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Polish societal perception of Jewish population in Poland
Polish perception of Jews in Eastern Galicia during the Polish - Ukrainian War, 1918 --1919
Zionism, political and national theory
Jewish Representation at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Dr. Ozjasz Thon, Cracow, Zionist politician, sociologist, Rabbi, Member of Polish Sejm, 1870 -- 1936
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Polish-Ukrainian war, military situation near Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 66: RG-18.03.01.66, Chwila, April 3, 1919, No. 80, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article discusses provisions and perspective of the monetary reform in Poland and its influence on the financial market in Eastern Galicia.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Transitional monetary period for Poland, 1918 --1923
Polish financial politics in transitional period, 1918 --1923
East Galician financial market influenced by the monetary adjustments, 1918 --1923
The Army Jozef Haller landed in Poland, March 1919
Jozef Haller's Army in Poland, 1919 -- 1920
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 67: RG-18.03.01.67, Chwila, April 4, 1919, No. 81, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article interprets the geopolitical situation in postwar Central and East Europe through the prism of the projections of Maurice Maeterlinck, philologist and through the application of Wilsonian principle of security and the right of nations to self-determination. The article states that a balance or the wisdom in the inter-state relations (Maeterlinck) shall prevail.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
New nation-states in Central and East Europe, 1918 --1939
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Maurice Maeterlink, principle of wisdom in human relations
Boderlands conflicts in Central and Eastern Europe, 1918 -- 1919
Central and Eastern Europe, borderlands agreements, local, 1918 --1923
Wladyslaw Grabski on Jewish autonomy in Poland
Commission of the Jewish Question in Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Noach Prylucki, Polish-Jewish politician, folkist, member of Polish Sejm, 1919 --1921; 1922 - 1927
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 68: RG-18.03.01.68, Chwila, April 5, 1919, No. 82, April 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article analyzes historical and geopolitical nuances with regard the Polish-Ukrainian claims to Eastern Galicia.

In the last months of the disintegration of the Austrian administrative system, since the summer of 1918, both, Polish and Ukrainian proto-political entities laid their territorial claims to the lands of Eastern Galicia. Both, Polish and Ukrainian political and military establishments substantiated their political rights on Eastern Galicia.

With the political and administrative disintegration of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, the Polish-Ukrainian long-lasting political, religious, economic and cultural tensions grew into a military conflict, first in Lwow (Lviv) and then spread over the territory of Eastern Galicia.

Ukrainian National Council seized power in Lwow (Lviv) on November 1, 1918 and proclaimed establishment of West Ukrainian National Republic in all ethnic Ukrainian territories that situated in the former borders of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The Ukrainian National Council also all national and civil rights to the Jewish, Polish and German minorities. The certain number of the political seats were reserved in the new Ukrainian parliament – the Ukrainian National Council.

The leadership of the Jewish Community of Lwow (Lviv), realizing the imminent brake of the war between Ukrainian and Polish military forces, established the Rescue Committee and the Committee of Public Safety. These Committees on behalf of the entire Jewish population of the city declared Jewish neutrality in the Polish – Ukrainian military conflict.

Although, with no enthusiasm, the Jewish neutrality was accepted by both belligerent sides – Polish and Ukrainian. On the other hand, with the conflict continuation and becoming a full-scale war, the significance of which was recognized internationally, the Jewish neutrality was becoming a precarious cause. The Polish belligerent side in Eastern Galicia and the Polish state institutions would tend to regard the neutrality as a clandestine sympathy, if not the support, for the Ukrainian cause.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Geopolitical situation of Poland in 1918 --1923
Geopolitical situation of Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Ukrainian national aspirations
Ukrainian national aspirations in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
Ukrainian National Council of the West Ukrainian National Republic
Ukrainian aspiration of state-building in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
West Ukrainian National Republic, 1918 -- 1923
Polish national aspiration in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
Polish statehood cause as a political conception
West Ukrainian National Republic, state building, 1918 --1919
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish neutrality endorsed by Zionists as a manifestation of the support to Ukrainian Cause
Criticism of Jewish Neutrality in the Polish-Ukrainian conflict, 1918 --1923
Jewish Community of Lwow (Lviv), interwar Poland
Jewish community of Lwow (Lviv) during the Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 -- 1919
Jewish Rescue Committee, Lviv (Lwow), November 1918
Committee of Jewish Safety, Eastern Galicia, 1918
Jewish neutrality in Eastern Galicia as a sign of support to the Ukrainian Cause, 1918-1923
Jewish Question in the debates at the Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 --1921
Commission of the Jewish Question in Polish Constituent Assembly, 1919 -- 1921
Nonrecognition of Jewish nationality by the Polish authorities, discrimination on official level
Ukrainian Question in Eastern Galicia, discussed internationally, 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Jewish -- Polish relations in interwar Poland
Ukrainian - Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
Loyalty to the Polish State, Ukrainian conception, 1918 --1939
Loyalty to the Polish State, Jewish conception, 1918 --1939
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 69: RG-18.03.01.69, Chwila, April 6, 1919, No. 83, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article underlines that Chwila aspires to normalization of Jewish-Polish and Jewish-Ukrainian relations for the sake of stability and wellbeing of Jewish population in Eastern Galicia, where Jews live together with Ukrainians and Poles.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Jewish political spectrum in interwar Eastern Galicia
Ukrainian - Jewish relations, 1918 --1939
Polish-Jewish Relations
Jewish neutrality in Eastern Galicia as a sign of support to the Ukrainian Cause, 1918-1923
Jews, living in ethnic Ukrainian territory, Eastern Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
Polish periodicals about the Jews in Eastern Galicia, negative reflections, 1918 --1939
Ukrainian periodicals about the Jews in Eastern Galicia, negative reflections, 1918 --1939
Jewish aspirations to normalcy in relations with Poles and Ukrainians in Eastern Galicia 1918 --1939
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Ukrainian cause at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Questions of Polish borderlands discussed in the series of Paris Peace Conferences, 1919 -- 1923
Gdańsk (Poland)
Question of Gdansk (Danzig) at the Peace conferences, 1918 -- 1939
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Germany (1918--1933)
Hungary (1918 --1920)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 70: RG-18.03.01.70, Chwila, April 7, 1919, No. 84, April 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article discusses the introduction of the martial law in the Central Poland (the former Congress). Polish Government responded with the establishment of the martial law to the growing influence of the bolshevik propaganda and to the direct military threat from the Soviet Russia.

The article also relates to the occurrences when the Jewish population was often unlawfully accused with the support and sympathizing with the pro-Soviet organizations.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Introduction of Martial Law in Central Poland, 1919
Central Poland (the former Congress Poland), region
Soviet Russia, expansion to the West, 1919 -- 1920
Accusation of Jews in Poland with the sympathy to Bolshevism, 1919 -- 1923
Soviet Russia (1917 -- 1922)
International labor laws, codified at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Allied politics against Soviet Russia, 1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Warsaw (Poland)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 71: RG-18.03.01.71, Chwila, April 8, 1919, No. 85, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article analyzes the history of Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia. Overall, it criticizes the role of it in the past. The article states that the Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia did not fulfil its role as a soul of the nation and as a leading force for the nation. There is a definite hope that empowered with the Zionist theory, the Jewish people of Galicia and especially its young generation will produce the viable vanguard, a new intelligentsia, that will stand up to the challenges and task of the time.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia, first half of the 20th century
Political and national role of Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia, first half of the 20th cenury
History of the Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia, social stratification
Jewish intelligentsia as a representation of the nation on political level, 1900 -- 1939
Zionism, political and national theory
The role of the Zionist Theory for the Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia, 1900 -- 1939
Perspective of the rise of the new Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia, 1918 -- 1939
Criticism of the Jewish intelligentsia in Galicia, 1900 -- 1923
Jewish population of Eastern Galicia
Jewish society of Eastern Galicia with regard to Jewish intelligentsia, 1918 -- 1939
Historical role of intelligentsia in national progress
Progressive role of Jewish intelligentsia against old dogmas and corruption in the communal life
International affairs, 1918 --1923, Europe
Bavarian Soviet Republic, 1919
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
Polish Constituent Assembly, debates, 1919 -- 1921
Haller Army, Polish armed forces abroad, 1919
The Army Jozef Haller landed in Poland, March 1919
Germany (1918--1933)
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 72: RG-18.03.01.72, Chwila, April 9, 1919, No. 86, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article discusses the financial rehabilitation in Poland and the new monetary measures in this regard.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Monetary politics of the new independent states that former constituted Austria-Hungary
Polish monetary politics in 1918 --1923
Rehabilitation measures for the Polish currency, 1918 --1923
Polish-Ukrainian war, military situation near Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Financial situation in the Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 --1939
Financial operations in the Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv), 1918 -- 1939
Help with Matzah for the Passover of 1919, the Jewish Religious Community of Lwow (Lviv)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 73: RG-18.03.01.73, Chwila, April 10, 1919, No. 87, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article analyzes the postwar realities in term of disagreement to in approach to the peace settlement between the allies. It underlines the conceptual differences between the French aspiration of revenge over the Central Powers and the American tendency to create a new peace settlement in Europe, based on the Wilsonian principles of national self-determination and the supremacy of the League of Nation in the peacekeeping matters.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Peace settlements of 1918 --1923, differences in approaches among the Allies
French and Italian approach of harsh reparation over the Central Powers, meant Germany
Reparations over the Central Powers, discussion at the Paris Peace Conference and afterwards
Geopolitical situation in Europe, 1918 --1923
Disagreement over the reparation from Germany between the Allies, 1918 --1923
Wilsonianism in European Politics, 1918 --1939
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Wilsonian principles of national self-determination, 1918
Wilsonian principles of international collective security, 1918
Wilsonian principles of international politics, 1918 --1923
The series of bilateral and milti-lateral political agreements in Europe. 1918 -- 1923
The Council of Four at the Paris Peace Conference: Wilson, Lloyd George, Clemenceau, Orlando
The Council of Four or the Council of Ambassadors of France, Great Britain, Italy and US
Wisonianism as a guidelines for the new East European nations, 1918 --1923
Jewish political representation at the Paris Peace Conference and after, 1919 --1923
Jewish national and political cause in Poland, presented at the Paris Peace Conference and after
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
The frontline and combat zone in the Polish-Ukrainian war over Eastern Galicia
Lwow (Lviv) under siege, Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 – 1919
Polish-Ukrainian war, military situation near Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Ukrainian - Polish War over Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919, negotiations
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Communist revolutions in Europe, 1918 --1919
Bavarian Soviet Republic, 1919
Germany (1918--1933)
Hungary (1918 --1920)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
The status of Gdansk (Danzig), 1918 -- 1923
Question of Gdansk (Danzig) at the Peace conferences, 1918 -- 1939
Gdańsk (Poland)
Danzig (Poland)
Danzig (Germany)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Antisemitic context of the membership in the Bar for Jewish-Polish lawyers, Poland, 1918 --1939
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 74: RG-18.03.01.74, Chwila, April 11, 1919, No. 88, April 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article criticizes the inequality and the abuse of civilian and political rights with regard to the Jewish population in Lwow (Lviv) and Eastern Galicia. The Jews became subjects for the compulsory labor. This administrative decision of the local authorities echoed a political retaliation related to the Jewish neutrality in the Polish – Ukrainian war. There were other measures, largely conceived against the Jews, as they were regarded not loyal Polish citizens. Two of these measures relate to the reservation with regard to Jewish-Polish lawyers and also a compulsory subscription to the governmental securities (a loan taken by the Polish state). These measures were officially approved by the First Polish Constituent Assembly and de jure became the law

The article underlines that these acts creates inequality and does not built citizenship.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Administrative measures against Jewish civilian and political equality, Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1923
Compulsory labor for Jews in Eastern Galicia as a retaliation against Jewish neutrality, 1918 -1919
Antisemitic context of the membership in the Bar for Jewish-Polish lawyers, Poland, 1918 --1939
Compulsory subscription for Jews to the governmental securities, 1918 -- 1923
Jewish Pogrom in Pinsk, perpetrated by the Polish Army, April 5, 1919
Accusation of Jews in siding with Bolshevism, Pinks, April 1919
Polish Army perpetrates the Jewish Pogrom in Pinsk on the false accusation of Jews in Bolshevism, Ap
Jewish massacre in Pinks, Jewish casualties, April 5, 1919
Polish publications about the Jewish Pogrom in Pinks, accusations of Bolshevism, April 1919
Anti-Jewish actions of the Polish armed forces in Pinsk, April 5, 1919
World public reaction to the Jewish Pogrom in Pinks, perpetrated by the Polish Army, April 1919
Jewish parliamentary representation demands investigation of the Jewish Pogrom in Pinsk, April 1919
International commissions, inquiries and investigations of the Jewish Pogrom in Pinsk, April 1919
Polish - Soviet War, 1919 -- 1920
Polish Government investigates the Jewish Pogrom in Pinsk, April 1919
Jewish publications about the Jewish Pogrom in Pinsk, April 1919
Nowy Dziennik (The New Daily), newspaper, Polish
Nowy Dziennik  (the New Daily), Warsaw Jewish periodical, 1918 --1939
Anti-Jewish upheavals in Tarnopol (Ternopil), West Ukrainian National Republic, February 1919
Ukrainian - Polish War over Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919, negotiations
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Pinsk (Poland)
Jewish population of Pinsk, Poland, 1918 --1923
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 75: RG-18.03.01.89, Chwila, April 27, 1919, No. 103, April 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article publishes an appeal issue by the representative of the American Relief Administration Mission to Poland, Captain Merian C. Cooper.

Captain Cooper appeals to introduce active measures for the sake of helping starving people of Lwow (Lviv). He especially emphasizes the precarious situation of the Jewish population in the city.

This appeal is written in the form of a letter addressed to Gerszon Zipper, Editor of Chwila.

Captain Cooper’s appeal of relief contains specific measures and actions to be taken for the sake of providing aid to the numerous people suffering from starvation in Lwow (Lviv), taken into the account the state of war between the Polish and Ukrainian forces around the city.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
American Relief Administration Mission to Poland, 1919
American Relief Administration Mission to Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Shortage of food and other commodities in Lwow (Lviv) during the Polish – Ukrainian war
Hunger in Lwow (Lviv) in the first half of 1919
Precarious situation of the Jewish population in Lwow (Lviv) in 1918 –1919
Activities of the American Relief Mission to Poland, 1919
Gerszon Zipper (1868 – 1921), lawyer, editor of the East Galician Jewish publications
Merian C. Cooper, Captain, American Relief Mission to Poland, 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Ukrainian – Polish War in Galicia, 1918 – 1919
Situation with the food supplies in the city during the Polish-Ukrainian war, 1918 -- 1919
Jewish community of Lwow (Lviv) during the Polish-Ukrainian War, 1918 -- 1919
Jewish neutrality in Polish-Ukrainian war in Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919
Polish-Ukrainian war, military situation near Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Ukrainian - Polish War over Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919, negotiations
Jewish Representation at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Dr. Ozjasz Thon, Cracow, Zionist politician, sociologist, Rabbi, Member of Polish Sejm, 1870 -- 1936
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 76: RG-18.03.01.90, Chwila, April 28, 1919, No. 104, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article analyzes the postwar realities in term of disagreement to in approach to the peace settlement between the allies. It underlines the conceptual differences between the French aspiration of revenge over the Central Powers and the American tendency to create a new peace settlement in Europe, based on the Wilsonian principles of national self-determination and the supremacy of the League of Nation in the peacekeeping matters.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Disagreement over the reparation from Germany between the Allies, 1918 --1923
French and Italian approach of harsh reparation over the Central Powers, meant Germany
Geopolitical situation in Europe, 1918 --1923
Peace settlements of 1918 --1923, differences in approaches among the Allies
The issues of reparations and borderland conflicts in Europe, 1918 -- 1923
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
The Council of Four at the Paris Peace Conference: Wilson, Lloyd George, Clemenceau, Orlando
French position vis-à-vis German and Central Europe, 1918 –1923
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Jewish Pogrom in Lida (Poland), April 17, 1919
Jewish publications about the Jewish Pogrom in Lida, April 1919
Lida (Poland), 1918 -- 1939
Polish - Soviet War, 1919 -- 1920
Polish Army perpetrates the Jewish Pogrom in Lida  of false accusation of Jews in Bolshevism, 1919
Polish publications about the Jewish Pogrom in Lida, accusation of Bolshevism, April 1919
World public reaction to the Jewish Pogrom in Lida, perpetrated by the Polish Army, April 1919
Nowy Dziennik  (the New Daily), Warsaw Jewish periodical, 1918 --1939
Goniec Krakowski (The Cracow Courier), socio-political periodical, Polish, 1920 --1926
Jewish massacre in Lida, Jewish casualties, April 17, 1919
Jozef Haller's Army in Poland, 1919 -- 1920
Jews in the Haller Army, 1918 --1923
Polish Parliamentary Commission in Pinsk, investigating the circumstances of the Jewish Pogrom, 1919
Revolutionary situation in Germany, 1919
Bavarian Soviet Republic, 1919
Ukrainian - Polish War over Eastern Galicia, 1918 --1919, negotiations
Military communiques of Polish borderland wars, 1918 --1923
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Germany (1918--1933)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 77: RG-18.03.01.91, Chwila, April 29, 1919, No. 105, April 1919Add to your cart.

Editorial article compares and analyzes the milieu of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919 and the Brest armistice treaty between Germany and Austria-Hungary on one side and the Soviet Russia on the other. If the Paris peace conference is a diplomatic forum, the Brest armistice treaty in Brest was a German dictate, lacking any diplomatic forms and implemented with violation even of the German, initially provisioned protocol.

In April 1919, the German delegation is invited to Versailles, the seat of the Paris Peace Conference. The atmosphere here corresponds to the established diplomatic canons. The negotiations on the reparations are not going to be an easy and fast settlement.

Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
German delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Fourteen Points, Wilsonian, a statement of postwar collective security
Wilsonianism in European Politics, 1918 --1939
Peace settlements of 1918 --1923, differences in approaches among the Allies
French position vis-à-vis German and Central Europe, 1918 –1923
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States, introduced a system of collective security
President Wilson intervenes in Polish-Ukrainian negotiations, April 1919
Aid to the victims of Polish-Ukrainian War over Eastern Galicia, Lwow (Lviv), 1919
Provisions of compensation with regard to Polish-Ukrainian War over Eastern Galicia, 1919
Question of Polish-Ukrainian borders, discussed at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919
Polish - Ukrainian negotiations, 1919
Haller Army, Polish armed forces abroad, 1919
Eastern Galicia (Poland: Region)
Eastern Galicia (Ukraine: Region)
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Poland (1918 -- 1926)
Germany (1918--1933)
Allied politics against Soviet Russia, 1919
Zionist periodicals in Polish language, Eastern Galicia
Periodicals, Jewish
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 78: RG-18.03.01.92, Chwila, April 30, 1919, No. 106, April 1919Add to your cart.
Editorial article discusses international labor privisions and agreements, meant to protect workers
Subject/Index Terms:
Chwila (the Moment), a program article, 1918 --1939
Chwila (the Moment), editorial articles
Chwila, analytical narratives
Chwila, newspaper, Jewish (Polish)
Protection of labor, international agreements and provisions, 1920s
Paris Peace Conference, Versailles, 1919
Creators:
Chwila (the Moment), editorial board and contributors (1919 -- 1939)

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