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Photo Archive of the Holocaust

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Detailed Description

RG-45.01, Negatives of the photo-documents

RG-45.02, Secondary photo-documents

RG-45.03, Never Again, photo-documents from Polish repositories



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Photo Archive of the Holocaust, 1939-1945 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Photo Archive of the Holocaust, 1939-1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1939 -- 1945

ID: RG-45/RG-45

Primary Creator: Archival documents of other repositories (1939 --1945)

Other Creators: Holocaust Repositories, Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement: Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor

Subjects: Abandoned children in the ghettos, Abandoned children in the Warsaw Ghetto, Adam Czerniakow, Chairman of the Jewish Council of Warsaw, 1939-1942, Aftermath of liberation, Aftermath of the deportation from the ghetto, photographs, Aftermath of Warsaw ghetto uprising, Alerts issued by German police, Alexander Pechrskij, Sobibor Revolt, American awareness of Nazi atrocities in Europe, Anti-Jewish measures and actions, Warsaw, 1939 -- 1945, Aryanization, alienation of Jewish-owned businesses, 1933 -- 1945, Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps, Auschwitz Album, photo-documents, Auschwitz complex of concentration camps, deposits of personal belongings, Auschwitz concentration camp complex, photo-documents, Babi Yar (Kiev, Ukraine), Babi Yar, areal photographs, Babi Yar Massacre, 29 -- 30September 1941, Baranow (Poland), Barter and street sale in the ghettos, Barter and street sale in the Warsaw Ghetto, Bergen-Belsen (Germany: Concentration Camp), Book Burning, Germany, early 1930s, Books in the ghettos, Books in the Warsaw ghetto, 1940 --1943, Bricha Movement, Bulgaria (1939--1945), Bulgarian Government opposes to the deportation of Bulgarian Jews, 1942 -- 1943, Cemeteries at the ghettos, 1939 -1944, Cemetery at the Warsaw ghetto, 1940 -- 1943, Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto, Children in the ghettos, Children in the Kovno Ghetto, Children in the Lodz ghetto, Children in the Warsaw Ghetto, collaboration in the Holocaust, Corpses in the ghettos, Corpses in the Warsaw Ghetto, Cracow (Poland), Daily Mirror, a periodical, day-to-day life in the Lodz Ghetto, day-to-day life in the Warsaw ghetto, Deportation of German Jews, Deportation of Jews from the Netherlands, Deportation scenes, Deportations from the Drancy internment camp, France, Deportations to Auschwitz concentration camp, Diary of Adam Czerniakow, the chairman of the Jewish Council of Warsaw, Documents issued by Nazi-German Police and Security forces, 1933 -- 1945, Drancy internment camp (Paris, France), Education in the ghettos, Education in the Warsaw ghetto, Expulsion of Polish-German Jews to Zbaszyn, October -November, 1938, Factories and workshops in the Lodz Ghetto, Family life in the Warsaw ghetto, Food for children in the Lodz Ghetto, Food rationing in ghettos, 1939 -- 1945, Food rationing in the Warsaw Ghetto, German administration and civilians in the Lodz ghetto, Germany, history, Germany invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939, Greece (1918 -- 1940), Hans Biebow, Nazi-German administrator in Lodz ghetto, History of the Holocaust, photo-documents, Holocaust in the Netherlands, 1940 -- 1945, Holocaust Memorialization, Hunger in the Lodz ghetto, Hunger in the Warsaw Ghetto, Illegal immigration to Palestine, 1945 -- 1948, International Herald Tribune, a periodical, American, Interwar life, history in photo-documents, Janowska (Poland: Concentration Camp), Jewish Council (Judenrat) in Kovno Ghetto, Jewish Council (Judenrat) of the Lodz Ghetto, Jewish Order Police in action, Warsaw ghetto, Jewish Order Police in ghettos, Jewish Order Police in Kovno Ghetto, Jewish Order Police in the Lodz Ghetto, Jewish Order Police in the Warsaw ghetto, 1940 --1943, Jewish Order Police on duty, Warsaw, Jewish Order police on patrol duty, Jewish soccer team of Tarnow, Poland, Jewish societal life in interwar Poland, Jewish veterans of Austro-Hungarian Army, Jews in Austro-Hungarian Army, Jews in Germany, history and integration, Jews in sports, interwar period, Jews in the Kovno ghetto, check and control by the Jewish Order Police, Judenrat (Jewish Council) in the Lodz ghetto, Poland, Judenrat, Jewish council in ghettos, Kaunas (Lithuania), Kaunas (Lithuania: Ghetto), Killing of Jews by Wehrmacht in 1941, Ukraine, Kovno (Lithuania: Ghetto), Kristallnacht or November Pogrom, 9 -10, November 1938, Lancut (Poland), Laws of German racial purity, Liberation of Majdanek concentration camp, liberation of Nazi concentration camps, Europe, Life conditions in the Warsaw Ghetto, Life in the ghettos reflected in the photo-documents, Life under false identity, Life under false identity in Lwow ghetto, Lina Gans, inhabitant of the Lwos Ghetto, Lithuania (1918 -- 1940), Lithuania (1941 -- 1945), Lodz (Poland: Ghetto), Lublin (Poland), Lublin (Poland: ghetto), Lwow (Poland), Lwow (Poland: Ghetto), Majdanek (Poland: Concentration Camp), Marshal Michal Rola-Zymierski, Polish communist military commander, postwar Poland, Mauthausen (Austria: Concentration Camp), Mauthausen concentration camp, liberation and its aftermath, Medical care in the ghettos, Medical care in Warsaw Ghetto, Medical Experiments, Medical experiments at Auschwitz complex of concentration camps, Meeting of the Juedenrat in the Lodz ghetto, Misha Kacowicz, Soviet-Jewish partisan, Nazi-German atrocities, Nazi-German concentration camps after liberation, photographs, Nazi-German perception of religious Jews, Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda, Nazi Concentration camps' prisoners after liberation, photographs, Nazi Gathering, Nazi party rallies, Nuernberg, 1933, Nazi racial laws, Opposition to Jewish emigration to United States from Germany, Partisans, Soviets, photographs, Paul von Hindenburg, the second President of Germany, 1925 -- 1934, Pedestrian bridges in the ghettos, Pedestrian bridges in the Warsaw ghetto, Photographs, concentration camps post-liberation, Photographs, Hitler and responses to Hitler, Piotrkow (Poland), Poland (1918--1939), Poland (1939 --1945), Police search for Jews under false identity, Lwow ghetto, Poverty and Desperation in the Warsaw ghetto, Prayer in the Warsaw ghetto, Prayers in the ghettos, Prisoner luggage upon arrival at a concentration camp, Prisoners of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Prisoners of Nazi-German concentration camps, postliberation conditions, Prisoners of Nazi concentration camps, Prisoners of the Janowska Concentration Camp and the Camp Orchestra, Przedborz (Poland), Public humilations, Registration and processing in the ghettos, Rescue of Bulgarian Jews, 1942 -- 1943, Resistance, Jewish, Roll call in Nazi - German concentration camps, Romek Kaliski, Jewish Order Police of the Lodz Ghetto, Sachsenhausen (Germany: Concentration Camp), Salonica (Greece), School, Jewish, interwar Poland, Schools, Jewish, Seclusion of the ghetto territories, Seclusion of the Warsaw Ghetto, Selection at the concentration camps, Selection of prisoners at the Auschwitz complex of camps, Smuggling in the Warsaw Ghetto, 1940 --1943, Sobibor (Poland: extermination camp), Sobibor uprising, October 1943, Soviet-Jewish partisans, Soviet-Jewish partisans units, areas of operations, Sports teams, Jewish, Students, Jewish, interwar Poland, Tarnow (Poland), Theatrical performances in the ghettos, Theatrical performances in the Lodz ghetto, The Christian Century, a periodical, American, The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945, The Holocaust in Germany, The Holocaust in Poland, The Jewish Question in Bulgaria, 1942 -- 1943, The Netherlands (1940--1945), Thessaloniki (Greece), Transfer of Jews from villages to the towns, Poland, Transports at the arrival to concentration camps, Treblinka, the site of the former extermination camp, Umpschlagplatz, collection point before deportation from Wasaw ghetto, 1941 -- 1943, United States awareness of the Holocaust in Europe, 1943, Urszula Lahoda, a false name for Lina Gans, Lwow ghetto, Voyage of the St. Louis, May -- June 1939, Wall separating the ghetto territory from the rest of the city, Walls separating the Warsaw ghetto from the rest of the city, Warsaw (Poland), Warsaw (Poland: ghetto), Warsaw, occupied by Germans, October 1939, photograph, Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Poland), Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Jews prisoners of war, Warsaw of interwar time, photograph, Wartime atrocities and mass killing, Second World War, Wooden synagogues, Poland, Wooden Synagogues in Eastern Europe, Zablocie (Poland), Zamosc (Poland), Zbaszyn (Poland)

Forms of Material: Jews of Germany, History of Weimar Republic and early Nazi Germany, narrative, Wooden Synagogue, Lancut, Poland

Languages: Polish, German, English

Abstract

A collection of photo-documents from the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust and from the other repositories.

Overall, these are secondary photo-documents reflecting Nazi-German atrocities, life in the ghettos and concentration camps and day-to-day life in the German-occupied and controlled territories

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This Record Group comprises three collections, namely Negartives of the Photo-Documents; Secondary Photo-Documents and Poland, wartime photo-documents and the photo-documents from Polish repositories.

Collection Historical Note

A collection of secondary materials gathered for the purpose of exhibit-building for the new Museum building opening in October 2010. The secondary materials were gathered from other institution, historical publications and educational material, and resources available to the public through the internet. As these documents were gathered for exhibit research, not all images were used for the permanent exhibit. Information on images used throughout the museum in its permanent exhibit can be found in reference to Museum Curatorship documents.  In this record group, there is one sub-collection of negatives that has its own finding aid. In terms of regional affiliation, this record group comprises images of the big ghettos, such as Warsaw, Lodz, as well as from the smaller ghettos like Tarnów, Zablocie. Therefore the images are organized roughly according to region and theme but have no sub-collections.

RG-45.01, Negatives

RG-45.01.01, All That Remained Photo Montage

Accession #: 82.44

Accession Date: 19 February 1982

Photo montage of piles of glasses, combs, hair, shoes, shaving brushes, toothbrushes, artificial limbs, and dishes

RG-45.01.02, Caption about humanitarian documents. The caption starts with “Read how the most righteous humanitarian documents called ‘Statement of the German Atrocities’ signed by Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill did not list the name of a Jew under its victims in Sept. 1944…”

RG-45.01.03, Caption only for Nazi notice for executed Poles, names of those who hid Jews underlined

Accession #: 84.84

Accession Date: 30 April 1984

Caption only, for Nazi notice for executed Poles, names of those who hid Jews underlined

RG-45.01.04, Captions only, starting with Deportation of German Jews

Accession #: 84.84

Accession Date: 30 April 1984

Captions, starting with “Deportation of German Jews.” Part of Jewish Federation Captions

RG-45.01.05, Captions only, starting with November 1938 Aryanization

Accession #: 84.84

Accession Date: 30 April 1984

Captions only, starting with November 1938 Aryanization. Part of Jewish Federation Captions

RG-45.01.06, Children not able to leave - Zbaszyn, Poland, 1939

Dated: 1939

Accession #: 82.361

Accession Date: 25 October 1982

A group of German Jewish children from German Jewish families expelled to, but not accepted by, Poland. Jewish relief organizations stepped in to organize a transport of the children to England, but the Germans invaded Poland before the transport

RG-45.01.07, Corpses in Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau, Photo Montage, 1945

Accession #: 82.56

Accession Date: 22 February 1982

Photographs of atrocities at Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau camps. Photo montage of piles of corpses and human bones

RG-45.01.08, Daily Mirror editorial about the rejection of St. Louis, 1939

Dated: 6 June 1939

Accession #: 8147

An editorial article in the Daily Mirror about the 907 Jewish refugees on the St. Louis refused entrance to America

RG-45.01.09, Demonic Germany and the Predicament of Humanity, 1938

Dated: 30 November 1938

Accession #: 8147

An article condemning Germany but also opposing immigration of European Jews into the United States on the grounds of the need for social integration of already-existing minority groups. Written in The Christian Century

RG-45.01.10, Gideon Hausner, opening address of Eichmann Trial

Accession #: 82.66

Accession Date: 22 February 1982

A photograph of Gideon Hausner, Chief Prosecutor of the Eichmann Trial, next to a quote from his opening address at the trial

RG-45.01.11, Jewish Federation Titles and Captions

Accession #: 84.84

Accession Date: 30 April 1984

Four sheets of negatives with titles and captions

RG-45.01.12, Jewish Prisoners Waiting and Excerpt from “The Auschwitz Album.” A photograph of Jewish prisoners waiting in the forest and an excerpt from Lili Meir from “The Auschwitz Album” describing the scene and deception before prisoners entered into the gas chambers

RG-45.01.13, Letter from Polish Marshall Rola-Zymienski Recognizing Help from Jewish Partisans

Dated: 21 December

Accession #: 84.84

Accession Date: 30 April 1984

A letter from Polish Marshall Rola-Zymienski recognizing and appreciating services from Jewish Partisans

RG-45.01.14, New York Times Kristallnacht Article, 1938 (negative)

Dated: 11 November 1938

Accession #: 3892 ? (Number on envelope)

New York Times article from Friday, November 11, 1938 about Kristallnacht, titled “Nazis Smash, Loot, and Burn Jewish Shops and Temples Until Goebbels Calls Halt.” Smaller headlines include “All Vienna’s Synagogues Attacked; Fires and Bombs Wreck 18 of 21” and “Jews are Beaten, Furniture and Goods Flung from Homes and Shops—15,000 are Jailed During Day—20 are Suicides,” 2 copies

RG-45.01.15, NY Times Kristallnacht article (same as above, but not negative)

RG-45.01.16, NY Times Warsaw Ghetto article, Secret Polish Radio asks Aid, Cut off

RG-45.01.17, Photo and Excerpt from the Auschwitz Album, Carpathian Jews. A photograph of Jews arriving by train and an excerpt from “The Auschwitz Album” describing some of the conditions on the trains

RG-45.01.18, Police Officer Hoffmann Report to Gestapo concerning the Jewish Question, 1943

Accession #: 82.38

Accession Date: 15 February 1982

RG-45.01.19, Quote from President of Bulgarian State Counsel

Accession #: 84.75

Quote from President of Bulgarian State Counsel regarding Bulgarian Jews

RG-45.01.20, Selection at Auschwitz

RG-45.01.21, Soap Factory near Danzig

Accession #: 82.105

Accession Date: 8 March 1982

Three photos of the interior of a “soap factory” near Danzig. While there is no evidence that human fat was used for soap on an industrial scale as rumors suggest, there allegedly were some experiments conducted with that concept

RG-45.01.22, Theresienstadt Ghetto gate with Arbeit macht frei sign

RG-45.01.23, Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Monument Photo and Caption Accession #: 82.61

Accession Date: 22 February 1982

Photograph of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Monument and brief explanation of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

RG-45.01.24, Watchtower and Barbed Wire. Negative of a watchtower and electric barbed wire on fences

RG-45.02, Secondary photo-documents

RG-45.02.01, a concentration camp at liberation

RG-45.02.02, A Jewish order policeman with his wife and son, Lodz ghetto

RG-45.02.03, Adam Czerniakow at the roll call with the Jewish order police, Lodz ghetto

RG-45.02.04, Adam Czerniakow in his Warsaw ghetto Judenrat office at the meeting

RG-45.02.05, Adam Czerniakow with a German official, Warsaw

RG-45.02.06, Albert Einstein

RG-45.02.07, Alexander Pecherskij, led the Sobibor revolt

RG-45.02.08, Arriving to a camp

RG-45.02.09, Auschwitz, deposit of spoons

RG-45.02.10, Auschwitz negative

RG-45.02.11, Auschwitz, a column of women and children, allegedly in Auschwitz

RG-45.02.12, pile of shoes, Auschwitz

RG-45.02.13, Auschwitz, arrival of a transport

RG-45.02.14, Auschwitz, 'Canada' prisoners' toothbrushes, cloth brushes, and other personal items

RG-45.02.15, Auschwitz, children survivors of the camp and medical experiments

RG-45.02.16, Auschwitz, forced labor site

RG-45.02.17, Auschwitz, selection on the ramp after arrival

RG-45.02.18, Auschwitz, sorting out the former possessions of prisoners

RG-45.02.19, Auschwitz, survivor of Auschwitz medical experiments

RG-45.02.20, Auschwitz, unloading prisoners' luggage

RG-45.02.21, Auschwitz, view of a cattle car, trains, and German soldiers, MISSING PHOTO

RG-45.02.22, Babi Yar, USHMM, 28363

RG-45.02.23, Baranow, Poland, a Hebrew School

RG-45.02.24, Baranow, a Hebrew School

RG-45.02.25, Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, arrival of prisoners

RG-45.02.26, Bergen-Belsen, prisoners by barracks are lined up

RG-45.02.27, Cracow, a group of Jewish students after the tour

RG-45.02.28, Cracow, school photograph, Jewish coeducational gymnasium, female graduates

RG-45.02.29, Deportation of Jews from a West European country, MISSING PHOTO

RG-45.02.30, Drancy transit camp, wall with inscriptions

RG-45.02.31, Drancy transit camp

RG-45.02.32, German administration in civilian diner in Lodz

RG-45.02.33, German officer takes a photograph of the religious Jews in Zablocie, Poland

RG-45.02.34, German soldier cuts off the beard of a Jewish man, humiliation scene, MISSING PHOTO

RG-45.02.35, Germany, early 1930s, Book burning

RG-45.02.36, Group portrait of members of the Lodz ghetto police

RG-45.02.37, Hans Biebow in the Lodz ghetto

RG-45.02.38, Hitler after being released from the Landsberg Prison where he spent eight months

RG-45.02.39, Hitler and a child in SA uniform, 1942

RG-45.02.40, Holland, deportation, a street scene

RG-45.02.41, Janowska Camp, Lwow, Camp Orchestra

RG-45.02.42, Jewish order police arresting two Jewish youths for smuggling in the Warsaw ghetto

RG-45.02.43, Jewish order police in Lodz ghetto

RG-45.02.44, Jewish order police on snow removal duty in Lodz

RG-45.02.45, Jewish order police, Bundesarchiv

RG-45.02.46, Jewish police action in Warsaw ghetto

RG-45.02.47, Jewish policemen convoy a group of Jews, MISSING PHOTO

RG-45.02.48, Jewish service to maintain order, Ordungsdienst

RG-45.02.49, Jews from villages are forced to a ghetto

RG-45.02.50, Jews in Germany, history

RG-45.02.51, Kaunas, interwar Lithuania, Jewish soccer team

RG-45.02.52, Killing by a German Labor Serviceman, USHMM, 64407

RG-45.02.53, Kristallnacht, a synagogue in flame

RG-45.02.54, Kristallnacht, nighttime, a synagogue in flame

RG-45.02.55, Kristallnacht, a burning synagogue

RG-45.02.56, Lancut, Poland, Wooden Synagogue

RG-45.02.57, Lodz ghetto, a boy feeds the small girl

RG-45.02.58, Lodz ghetto, allegedly a deportation scene

RG-45.02.59, Lodz ghetto, Chaim Mordechaj Rumkowski speaking at the Judenrat meeting

RG-45.02.60, Lodz ghetto, theatrical performance

RG-45.02.61, Lodz ghetto, three women at work

RG-45.02.62, Lodz ghetto, women in a sewing workshop

RG-45.02.63, Lwow ghetto, Search for a Jewish female under false identity

RG-45.02.64, Majdanek after liberation, a pile of corpses

RG-45.02.65, Majdanek after liberation, an emaciated female prisoner

RG-45.02.66, Majdanek after liberation, emaciated male survivors, camera depicts them naked

RG-45.02.67, Majdanek after liberation, Soviet soldiers examine the dead prisoners

RG-45.02.68, Majdanek, a dead prisoner on barbed wire

RG-45.02.69, Mauthausen after liberation, a row of dead bodies

RG-45.02.70, Mauthausen, one of the initial memorial sites

RG-45.02.71, Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda

RG-45.02.72, Nazi gathering

RG-45.02.73, Nazi Germany, a German woman is publicly humiliated for the connection with Jews

RG-45.02.74, Nuremberg, Nazi rally

RG-45.02.75, Operation Beriha, on the way to Palestine

RG-45.02.76, Operation Beriha, Jewish kids on the illegal path to Palestine

RG-45.02.77, Operation Beriha, preparing for Palestine

RG-45.02.78, Piotrkow Trybunalski, a Jewish Quarter, pre-war Poland

RG-45.02.79, Poland, a camp memorial

RG-45.02.80, Poland, at the advertisement board

RG-45.02.81, President Hindenburg congratulates Hitler for being elected Chancellor

RG-45.02.82, Przedborz, Poland, Wooden Synagogue

RG-45.02.83, Registration in the Ghetto

RG-45.02.84, Report Tells of Nazi Annihilation of 2,000,000 Jews in Europe, from Heral Tribune

RG-45.02.85, Romek Kaliski, member of the Jewish order police in the Lodz ghetto

RG-45.02.86, Sachsenhausen, ca. 1936

RG-45.02.87, Saloniki, Jewish leaders with Metropolitan

RG-45.02.88, Slovakian export, MISSING PHOTO

RG-45.02.89, Soviet and Jewish partisans, a group photograph

RG-45.02.90, Soviet and Jewish partisans, Lipiczany Forest, Poland-Western Belarus

RG-45.02.91, Soviet-Jewish partisan, Misha Kacowicz

RG-45.02.92, Soviet-Jewish partisans, former Eastern Poland

RG-45.02.93, Soviet-Jewish partisans, Naliboki Forest, Poland-Western Belarus

RG-45.02.94, Tarnow, a Jewish cultural society

RG-45.02.95, Tarnow, Jewish soccer team

RG-45.02.96, the Netherlands, poison gas chamber with a warning sign, poison gas

RG-45.02.97, Vienna, Jewish veterans of the First World War in Austro-Hungarian uniform

RG-45.02.98, Vienna

RG-45.02.99, View of the abandoned furnishings of Jews deported from the ghetto, USHMM

RG-45.02.100, The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow

RG-45.02.101, Warsaw ghetto negative

RG-45.02.102, Warsaw ghetto wall, Jews climbing over the ghetto wall

RG-45.02.103, Warsaw ghetto, a beggar on the street

RG-45.02.104, Warsaw ghetto, a ghetto checkpoint

RG-45.02.105, Warsaw ghetto, a ghetto entrance

RG-45.02.106, Warsaw ghetto, a Jewish boy, 1943, Yad Vashem Archives

RG-45.02.107, Warsaw ghetto, at the cemetery

RG-45.02.108, Warsaw ghetto, books are being sold and exchanged on the street

RG-45.02.109, Warsaw ghetto, dragging the dead

RG-45.02.110, Warsaw ghetto, hungry and exhausted kids in the yard

RG-45.02.111, Warsaw ghetto, inside a ghetto dwelling

RG-45.02.112, Warsaw ghetto, Jewish kids in the classroom

RG-45.02.113, Warsaw ghetto, Jewish policeman regulates traffic

RG-45.02.114, Warsaw ghetto, man on the street

RG-45.02.115, Warsaw ghetto, medical examining in the ghetto

RG-45.02.116, Warsaw ghetto, pedestrian bridge

RG-45.02.117, Warsaw ghetto, prayer in the ghetto

RG-45.02.118, Warsaw ghetto, ration card

RG-45.02.119, Warsaw ghetto, street sale

RG-45.02.120, Warsaw ghetto, unidentified location, perhaps a transfer

RG-45.02.121, Warsaw ghetto, view of the ghetto wall

RG-45.02.122, Warsaw ghetto, Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

RG-45.02.123, Warsaw, at the fur shop, preparing for the German requisitions, MISSING PHOTO

RG-45.02.124, Warsaw, first days of German occupation

RG-45.02.125, Warsaw, interwar time

RG-45.02.126, Warsaw, Jews are not allowed into the park

RG-45.02.127, Zamosc, people on the square observing an unknown scene

RG-45.03, Poland, wartime photodocuments

RG-45.03.01, Poland, newcomers from Polish provinces to Warsaw Ghetto, photo by Joe J. Heydecker, February 1941

RG-45.03.02, Kovno Ghetto, photograph of a young boy standing in front of door of chairman of the Council of Elders

RG-45.03.03, Kovno Ghetto, Jews lining up

Biographical Note

Historical documents and photographs

Subject/Index Terms

Abandoned children in the ghettos
Abandoned children in the Warsaw Ghetto
Adam Czerniakow, Chairman of the Jewish Council of Warsaw, 1939-1942
Aftermath of liberation
Aftermath of the deportation from the ghetto, photographs
Aftermath of Warsaw ghetto uprising
Alerts issued by German police
Alexander Pechrskij, Sobibor Revolt
American awareness of Nazi atrocities in Europe
Anti-Jewish measures and actions, Warsaw, 1939 -- 1945
Aryanization, alienation of Jewish-owned businesses, 1933 -- 1945
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Auschwitz Album, photo-documents
Auschwitz complex of concentration camps, deposits of personal belongings
Auschwitz concentration camp complex, photo-documents
Babi Yar (Kiev, Ukraine)
Babi Yar, areal photographs
Babi Yar Massacre, 29 -- 30September 1941
Baranow (Poland)
Barter and street sale in the ghettos
Barter and street sale in the Warsaw Ghetto
Bergen-Belsen (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Book Burning, Germany, early 1930s
Books in the ghettos
Books in the Warsaw ghetto, 1940 --1943
Bricha Movement
Bulgaria (1939--1945)
Bulgarian Government opposes to the deportation of Bulgarian Jews, 1942 -- 1943
Cemeteries at the ghettos, 1939 -1944
Cemetery at the Warsaw ghetto, 1940 -- 1943
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Children in the ghettos
Children in the Kovno Ghetto
Children in the Lodz ghetto
Children in the Warsaw Ghetto
collaboration in the Holocaust
Corpses in the ghettos
Corpses in the Warsaw Ghetto
Cracow (Poland)
Daily Mirror, a periodical
day-to-day life in the Lodz Ghetto
day-to-day life in the Warsaw ghetto
Deportation of German Jews
Deportation of Jews from the Netherlands
Deportation scenes
Deportations from the Drancy internment camp, France
Deportations to Auschwitz concentration camp
Diary of Adam Czerniakow, the chairman of the Jewish Council of Warsaw
Documents issued by Nazi-German Police and Security forces, 1933 -- 1945
Drancy internment camp (Paris, France)
Education in the ghettos
Education in the Warsaw ghetto
Expulsion of Polish-German Jews to Zbaszyn, October -November, 1938
Factories and workshops in the Lodz Ghetto
Family life in the Warsaw ghetto
Food for children in the Lodz Ghetto
Food rationing in ghettos, 1939 -- 1945
Food rationing in the Warsaw Ghetto
German administration and civilians in the Lodz ghetto
Germany, history
Germany invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939
Greece (1918 -- 1940)
Hans Biebow, Nazi-German administrator in Lodz ghetto
History of the Holocaust, photo-documents
Holocaust in the Netherlands, 1940 -- 1945
Holocaust Memorialization
Hunger in the Lodz ghetto
Hunger in the Warsaw Ghetto
Illegal immigration to Palestine, 1945 -- 1948
International Herald Tribune, a periodical, American
Interwar life, history in photo-documents
Janowska (Poland: Concentration Camp)
Jewish Council (Judenrat) in Kovno Ghetto
Jewish Council (Judenrat) of the Lodz Ghetto
Jewish Order Police in action, Warsaw ghetto
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Jewish Order Police in Kovno Ghetto
Jewish Order Police in the Lodz Ghetto
Jewish Order Police in the Warsaw ghetto, 1940 --1943
Jewish Order Police on duty, Warsaw
Jewish Order police on patrol duty
Jewish soccer team of Tarnow, Poland
Jewish societal life in interwar Poland
Jewish veterans of Austro-Hungarian Army
Jews in Austro-Hungarian Army
Jews in Germany, history and integration
Jews in sports, interwar period
Jews in the Kovno ghetto, check and control by the Jewish Order Police
Judenrat (Jewish Council) in the Lodz ghetto, Poland
Judenrat, Jewish council in ghettos
Kaunas (Lithuania)
Kaunas (Lithuania: Ghetto)
Killing of Jews by Wehrmacht in 1941, Ukraine
Kovno (Lithuania: Ghetto)
Kristallnacht or November Pogrom, 9 -10, November 1938
Lancut (Poland)
Laws of German racial purity
Liberation of Majdanek concentration camp
liberation of Nazi concentration camps, Europe
Life conditions in the Warsaw Ghetto
Life in the ghettos reflected in the photo-documents
Life under false identity
Life under false identity in Lwow ghetto
Lina Gans, inhabitant of the Lwos Ghetto
Lithuania (1918 -- 1940)
Lithuania (1941 -- 1945)
Lodz (Poland: Ghetto)
Lublin (Poland)
Lublin (Poland: ghetto)
Lwow (Poland)
Lwow (Poland: Ghetto)
Majdanek (Poland: Concentration Camp)
Marshal Michal Rola-Zymierski, Polish communist military commander, postwar Poland
Mauthausen (Austria: Concentration Camp)
Mauthausen concentration camp, liberation and its aftermath
Medical care in the ghettos
Medical care in Warsaw Ghetto
Medical Experiments
Medical experiments at Auschwitz complex of concentration camps
Meeting of the Juedenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Misha Kacowicz, Soviet-Jewish partisan
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi-German concentration camps after liberation, photographs
Nazi-German perception of religious Jews
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Nazi Concentration camps' prisoners after liberation, photographs
Nazi Gathering
Nazi party rallies, Nuernberg, 1933
Nazi racial laws
Opposition to Jewish emigration to United States from Germany
Partisans, Soviets, photographs
Paul von Hindenburg, the second President of Germany, 1925 -- 1934
Pedestrian bridges in the ghettos
Pedestrian bridges in the Warsaw ghetto
Photographs, concentration camps post-liberation
Photographs, Hitler and responses to Hitler
Piotrkow (Poland)
Poland (1918--1939)
Poland (1939 --1945)
Police search for Jews under false identity, Lwow ghetto
Poverty and Desperation in the Warsaw ghetto
Prayer in the Warsaw ghetto
Prayers in the ghettos
Prisoner luggage upon arrival at a concentration camp
Prisoners of Bergen-Belsen concentration camp
Prisoners of Nazi-German concentration camps, postliberation conditions
Prisoners of Nazi concentration camps
Prisoners of the Janowska Concentration Camp and the Camp Orchestra
Przedborz (Poland)
Public humilations
Registration and processing in the ghettos
Rescue of Bulgarian Jews, 1942 -- 1943
Resistance, Jewish
Roll call in Nazi - German concentration camps
Romek Kaliski, Jewish Order Police of the Lodz Ghetto
Sachsenhausen (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Salonica (Greece)
School, Jewish, interwar Poland
Schools, Jewish
Seclusion of the ghetto territories
Seclusion of the Warsaw Ghetto
Selection at the concentration camps
Selection of prisoners at the Auschwitz complex of camps
Smuggling in the Warsaw Ghetto, 1940 --1943
Sobibor (Poland: extermination camp)
Sobibor uprising, October 1943
Soviet-Jewish partisans
Soviet-Jewish partisans units, areas of operations
Sports teams, Jewish
Students, Jewish, interwar Poland
Tarnow (Poland)
Theatrical performances in the ghettos
Theatrical performances in the Lodz ghetto
The Christian Century, a periodical, American
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
The Holocaust in Germany
The Holocaust in Poland
The Jewish Question in Bulgaria, 1942 -- 1943
The Netherlands (1940--1945)
Thessaloniki (Greece)
Transfer of Jews from villages to the towns, Poland
Transports at the arrival to concentration camps
Treblinka, the site of the former extermination camp
Umpschlagplatz, collection point before deportation from Wasaw ghetto, 1941 -- 1943
United States awareness of the Holocaust in Europe, 1943
Urszula Lahoda, a false name for Lina Gans, Lwow ghetto
Voyage of the St. Louis, May -- June 1939
Wall separating the ghetto territory from the rest of the city
Walls separating the Warsaw ghetto from the rest of the city
Warsaw (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
Warsaw, occupied by Germans, October 1939, photograph
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Poland)
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Jews prisoners of war
Warsaw of interwar time, photograph
Wartime atrocities and mass killing, Second World War
Wooden synagogues, Poland
Wooden Synagogues in Eastern Europe
Zablocie (Poland)
Zamosc (Poland)
Zbaszyn (Poland)


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-45.01, Negatives of the photo-documents, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-45.02, Secondary photo-documents, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-45.03, Never Again, photo-documents from Polish repositories, 1939 -- 1945],
[All]

Sub-Collection 1: RG-45.01, Negatives of the photo-documents, 1933 -- 1945Add to your cart.
This is a collection of the negatives and photo-documents related to the prewar and wartime history of the Holocaust
Subject/Index Terms:
Aryanization, alienation of Jewish-owned businesses, 1933 -- 1945
Auschwitz Album, photo-documents
Marshal Michal Rola-Zymierski, Polish communist military commander, postwar Poland
Kristallnacht or November Pogrom, 9 -10, November 1938
Bulgarian Government opposes to the deportation of Bulgarian Jews, 1942 -- 1943
Bulgaria (1939--1945)
Selection at the concentration camps
Selection of prisoners at the Auschwitz complex of camps
Commemoration of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
History of the Holocaust, photo-documents
Creators:
Holocaust Repositories
Archival documents of other repositories (1939 --1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-45.01.01, All That Remained Photo Montage, 1939 -- 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photo-documents of Nazi-German atrocities in concentration camps, 1939 -- 1945.  The photographs featured are the black and white negatives of the original photographs.  They show piles of things, such as eyeglasses and shoes, collected upon arrival at the concentration camps.  The photographs were featured in a postwar publication.  A small paragraph describing the photographs is featured at the top of the left page, written in English, Russian, and French.
Subject/Index Terms:
Aftermath of liberation
liberation of Nazi concentration camps, Europe
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
German-Nazi crimes in occupied countries of Europe
Crimes of the Nazi Regime against the Jewish communities in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Allied discovery of Nazi war crimes
Documenting the Nazi crimes in concentration camps
Nazi crimes against humanity, peace, and war crimes
evidences of the crimes of National Socialist regime
magazine
Personal belongings
Jewish personal belongings
Confiscation of personal belongings and property
postwar publication
Photographs
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
concentration camp photographs
Nazi-German concentration camps after liberation, photographs
Photographs, concentration camps
Photographs, concentration camps post-liberation
English, language
Russian, language
French, language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Archival documents of other repositories (1939 --1945)
Holocaust Repositories
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-45.01.02, Caption about humanitarian documents, 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A Document issued under the title "Statement of the German Autrocities" and signed by Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin omit the the Jewish Catastrophe.
Subject/Index Terms:
Documents condemning National Socialist Regime issued by the Allied Governments
Allied governments' lack of focus on the Holocaust
The Scale of Jewish Catastrophy not fully recognized by the Allied governments
Jewish public organizations raise awareness of the Holocaust, 1939 -- 1945
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Allied and associated governments contextualized the Holocaust, 1939 --1945
Raising awareness of the Holocaust
Jewish history, modern
postwar publication
Nazi-German atrocities
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Party and Prime Minister of the  USSR, 1879 -- 1953
Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1874--1965
History, Jewish
Jewish history
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-45.01.03, Caption only for Nazi notice for executed Poles, names of those who hid Jews underlined, 30 April 1984Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains only a caption for Nazi notice of executed Poles.  On the original document, the names of those who hid Jews have been underlined.  The document is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Execution of Jews
Mass executions
Prisoners of War, Polish
Nazi-German discovery of Jews in hiding
Hiding
postwar publication
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
Death notices and obituaries
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Archival documents of other repositories (1939 --1945)
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-45.01.04, Captions only, starting with Deportation of German JewsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A collection of captions from a postwar publication.  The captions were meant to accompany various photographs taken during the war as well as post war.  The captions cover a variety of subjects, including the deportation of German Jews.  The document is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Deportation of German Jews
Deportations from ghettos
Deportations to concentration camps
Deportation to concentration camps
Eichmann, Adolf
Trial of Adolf Eichmann
Final Solution
Final Solution to the Jewish Question in Europe, 1942 -- 1945
Dr. Heinz Thilo
Prisoner selections
Selection at the concentration camps
Selection of prisoners at the Auschwitz complex of camps
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Arrival at a camp
Berlin (Germany)
Haas, Leo
Execution of Jews
Execution in concentration camps
Public humilations
Children in the Warsaw Ghetto
Warsaw ghetto
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
Nazi gas chambers
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-45.01.05, Captions only, starting with November 1938 AryanizationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
This file contains captions that were meant to accompany various photographs.  This captions were meant to be published in a Jewish Federation postwar publication, starting with the November 1938 Aryanization.  The captions are written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish regulations on Jewish owned businesses
Boycott of Jewish businesses in Nazi Germany
Aryanization, alienation of Jewish-owned businesses, 1933 -- 1945
Berlin (Germany)
Jewish cemetery
Treblinka (Poland)
Treblinka (Poland: extermination camp)
mass graves
Stutthof (Concentration camp)
Stutthof, German Concentration camp
Stutthof Concentration Camp Memorial Museum, Poland
Chelmno Death Camp
Prisoners of war, Soviet
Zamosc (Poland)
Sobibor (Poland: extermination camp)
Sobibor death camp memorial
Sobibor Revolt
Sobibor uprising, October 1943
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-45.01.06, Children not able to leave - Zbaszyn, Poland, 1939Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This file contains a short article about children not accepted into Poland, as well as a negative of a photograph of children.  The brief article is written in English.

A group of German Jewish children from German Jewish families expelled to, but not accepted by, Poland. Jewish relief organizations stepped in to organize a transport of the children to England, but the Germans invaded Poland before the transport.

Subject/Index Terms:
Zbaszyn (Poland)
Expulsion of Polish-German Jews to Zbaszyn, October -November, 1938
Efforts to rescue Jewish children from the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Jewish relief and social aid organizations in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Attempts and efforts to rescue the Jews in the Holocaust, 1939 -- 1945
British rescue and aid of Jewish children, 1938-1939
Rescue effort to save Jews in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Photographs
Prewar photographs
Photographs, pre-Second World War
Photographs, children
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-45.01.07, Corpses in Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau, Photo Montage, 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A black and white negative magazine spread featuring photographs of corpses in Majdanek and Auschwitz-Birkenau.  The file contains a photo montage of various scenes of corpses, as well as piles of bones and bodies.  The document includes brief descriptions of the photographs in English, Russian, and French.
Subject/Index Terms:
Majdanek (Concentration camp)
Majdanek (Poland: Concentration Camp)
Lublin (Poland)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Auschwitz concentration camp complex, photo-documents
Photographs, Auschwitz concentration camp
Liberation of Majdanek concentration camp
Majdanek concentration camp, liberation
Liberation of concentration camps
mass graves
Mass executions
Mass killing of Jewish population, Second World War
Wartime atrocities and mass killing, Second World War
Armed Forces, Allied
Photographs
Photographs, concentration camps post-liberation
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Russian, language
Documents in Russian language
French, language
Documents in French language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-45.01.08, Daily Mirror editorial about the rejection of St. Louis, 1939Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a negative copy of a page from the Daily Mirror, a British news publication.  The specific article, an editorial, discusses the 907 Jewish refugees on the St. Louis that were refused entrance to America.  The article is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Daily Mirror, a periodical
newspaper clippings
Newspaper Article
British newspaper
Jewish refugees
Refugees in United States
Immigration to United States
Jewish Immigration
Immigrants in the United States, hardships and difficulties
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
pre-war publication
Prewar publication
Wartime Publication, Second World War
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-45.01.09, Demonic Germany and the Predicament of Humanity, 1938Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This file contains a black and white negative copy of an article condemning Germany.  The article also opposes immigration of European Jews into the United States on the grounds of the need for social integration of already-existing minority groups.  The article was written for The Christian Century and is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
The Christian Century, a periodical, American
Nazi rise to power
Anti-semitic laws
Anti-semitic laws--Germany
Nazi Anti-Semitic Propaganda
Nazi antisemitic propaganda
the Jewish problem
Goebbels, Josef
Adolf Hitler, dictator and German Chancellor and President
Jewish refugees
Antisemitism in the United States
American newspaper
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
pre-war publication
Prewar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-45.01.10, Gideon Hausner, opening address of Eichmann TrialAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a black and white negative copy of an article from a magazine.  The file features a photograph of Gideon Hausner, the Chief Prosecutor of the Adolf Eichmann Trial.  The file also contains a quote from his opening address at the trial.  The file is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gideon Hausner, Chief Prosecutor at the trial of Adolf Eichmann
Eichmann, Adolf
Trial of Adolf Eichmann
Trials and proceedings over Nazi-German perpetrators
war crimes trials
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Treblinka (Poland)
Treblinka (Poland: extermination camp)
Photographs
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-45.01.11, Jewish Federation Titles and CaptionsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a list of titles and captions.  The titles and captions were initially meant to accompany photographs printed by the Jewish Federation.  The file has been written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Arbeit Macht Frei
Concentration Camp Crematorium
Nazi gas chambers
Anti-semitic laws
Chrzanów (Poland)
Liquidation of ghettos
Transports
Transport trains
Suicide in the concentration camps
Warsaw ghetto
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
Jewish resistance organization in the Warsaw ghetto
Prisoners digging their own grave
mass graves
Liberation of concentration camps
Nazi-perpetrated hair and/or beard cutting
Public humiliations
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Ohrdruf-Nord (Concentration camp)
Nordhausen (Germany)
Nordhausen (Concentration camp)
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Buchenwald, German-Nazi concentration camp
German civilians digging mass graves for concentration camp victims
SS and administrative personnel, German
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Ravensbrueck (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Female prisoners of the German concentration camps
Female concentration camp inmates
Medical Experiments
Hiding
Wloclawek (Poland: Ghetto)
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-45.01.12, Jewish Prisoners Waiting and Excerpt from 'The Auschwitz Album'Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a negative black and white copy of a photograph as well as a small paragraph from "The Auschwitz Album."  The photograph shows Jewish prisoners waiting in the forest.  The excerpt from Lili Meir is from "The Auschwitz Album" and describes the scene and deception before prisoners entered into the gas chamgers.  The excerpt is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Concentration Camp Crematorium
Nazi gas chambers
Forced marches
SS and administrative personnel, German
Prisoners, children
Mass executions
Photographs
wartime photographs
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Wartime Europe, historic photographs, 1939 -- 1945
concentration camp photographs
Photographs, concentration camp prisoners
Photographs, concentration camps
Photographs, children
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Auschwitz Album, photo-documents
Photographs, Auschwitz concentration camp
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-45.01.13, Letter from Polish Marshall Rola-Zymienski Recognizing Help from Jewish Partisans, 21 DecemberAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a black and white negative copy of a letter from Polish Marshall Rola-Zymierski recognizing and appreciating services from Jewish Partisans.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
Marshal Michal Rola-Zymierski, Polish communist military commander, postwar Poland
Polish Army High Command
Jewish Aid Agency
Jewish Aid for Victims
Jewish Refugee Aid Organization
Monetary aid to the Jews in German-occupied Europe, international Jewish organizations
letters of recognition and appreciation
postwar correspondence
official correspondence
Correspondence to and from Relief and Rehabilitation organizations
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
Creators:
Polish Army High Command
Michał Rola-Żymierski, Polish high-ranking military commander
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-45.01.14, New York Times Kristallnacht Article, 1938Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a black and white negative copy of a scan of the front page of the New York Times.  On the right, the article focuses on Kristallnacht and the destruction of Jewish property.  The article was written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
The New York Times
Goebbels, Josef
Vienna (Austria)
Destruction of synagogues, 1939 -- 1945
Synagogues
Synagogues, religious temples
Kristallnacht or November Pogrom, 9 -10, November 1938
Anti-Jewish actions
Stormtroopers (SA), paramilitary wing of the Nazi party
Jewish property attacks
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
pre-war publication
Prewar publication
Newspaper Article
American newspaper
newspaper clippings
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
The New York Times
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG-45.01.15, NY Times Kristallnacht article, 11 November 1938Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A New York Times article focusing on Kristallnacht.  The article has been selected from the front page of the New York Times and describes the destruction of Jewish property.  The article has been written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
The New York Times
Goebbels, Josef
Vienna (Austria)
Destruction of synagogues, 1939 -- 1945
Synagogues
Synagogues, religious temples
Kristallnacht or November Pogrom, 9 -10, November 1938
Anti-Jewish actions
Stormtroopers (SA), paramilitary wing of the Nazi party
Jewish property attacks
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
pre-war publication
Prewar publication
Newspaper Article
American newspaper
newspaper clippings
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
The New York Times
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG-45.01.16, NY Times Warsaw Ghetto article, Secret Polish Radio asks Aid, Cut off, 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A scanned front page from the New York Times.  The article in focus discusses Warsaw and their request for aid.  It also talks about the final liquidation of the Warsaw ghetto.  The article has been written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Secret Polish radio, 1943
Aid and rescue during the war
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
Stockholm (Sweden)
Warsaw (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
Warsaw ghetto
Liquidation of ghettos
Liquidation of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, May 1943
Warsaw ghetto, post-uprising and liquidation
Wartime Publication, Second World War
Newspaper Article
newspaper clippings
American newspaper
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
English, language
Documents in English language
The New York Times
Creators:
The New York Times
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: RG-45.01.17, Photo and Excerpt from the Auschwitz Album, Carpathian JewsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
This file contains a black and white negative photograph of Jews arriving by train and an excerpt from "The Auschwitz Album" describing some of the conditions of the trains.  The excerpt has been written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Deportations to concentration camps
Deportation to concentration camps
Deportations to Auschwitz concentration camp
Transports
Transport trains
Arrival at a camp
Transports at the arrival to concentration camps
Photographs
wartime photographs
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Wartime Europe, historic photographs, 1939 -- 1945
Photographs, children
concentration camp photographs
Photographs, concentration camp prisoners
Photographs, concentration camps
Auschwitz Album, photo-documents
Auschwitz concentration camp complex, photo-documents
Photographs, Auschwitz concentration camp
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: RG-45.01.18, Police Officer Hoffmann Report to Gestapo concerning the Jewish QuestionAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains two documents side by side.  On the right is a excerpt from the original document, displayed on the left.  The documents discuss the Jewish Question in Europe.  The document on the left is a report written by Police Officer Hoffman to the Gestapo.  The document on the left is written in German while the document on the right is written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Adolf Hoffmann, police officer
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Final Solution to the Jewish Question in Europe, 1942 -- 1945
the Jewish question
Final Solution
The Jewish Question in Bulgaria, 1942 -- 1943
wartime correspondences
official correspondence
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
postwar publication
German, language
Documents in German language
Correspondence in German language
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Adolf Hoffmann, police officer
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: RG-45.01.19, Quote from President of Bulgarian State CounselAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The file contains a quote from Todor Zhivokv, the President of the Bulgarian State Counsel.  Zhivokv talks about saving Bulgarian Jews, and proudly declares that the Nazis failed to conduct their mass executions in Bulgaria.  The quote has been written in English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bulgarian Jews
Bulgarian Government opposes to the deportation of Bulgarian Jews, 1942 -- 1943
The Jewish Question in Bulgaria, 1942 -- 1943
the Jewish problem
Final Solution
Final Solution to the Jewish Question in Europe, 1942 -- 1945
National minorities, Jewish
Todor Zhivkov, President of the Bulgarian State Counsel
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Todor Zhivkov, President of the Bulgarian State Counsel
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: RG-45.01.20, Selection at Auschwitz, circa 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph showing the selection process upon arrival at Auschwitz concentration camp.  At the bottom of the photograph, there is a label describing the photograph written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Auschwitz-Birkenau, concentration camp complex (Poland)
Prisoner selections
Selection at the concentration camps
Selection of prisoners at the Auschwitz complex of camps
Arrival at a camp
Transports at the arrival to concentration camps
Photographs
wartime photographs
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Wartime Europe, historic photographs, 1939 -- 1945
concentration camp photographs
Photographs, concentration camps
Photographs, concentration camp prisoners
Photographs, Auschwitz concentration camp
Auschwitz concentration camp complex, photo-documents
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
German, language
Documents in German language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: RG-45.01.21, Soap Factory near DanzigAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

Three photographs of the interior of a "soap factory" near Danzig.  The caption that accompanies the photographs reads, "The inside-view of the "Soap Factory" near Danzig where Soap was made out of Human Bodies."

While there is no evidence that human fat was used for soap on an industrial scale as rumors suggested, there allegedly were some experiments conducted with that concept.

Subject/Index Terms:
Danzig (Poland)
Gdańsk (Poland)
Soap factory in Danzig, Poland
Medical Experiments
Chemical factories
Photographs
wartime photographs
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Wartime Europe, historic photographs, 1939 -- 1945
Factory photographs
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: RG-45.01.22, Theresienstadt Ghetto gate with Arbeit macht frei signAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of the entrance gate at the Theresienstadt ghetto with Arbeit Macht Frei written across the top.
Subject/Index Terms:
Arbeit Macht Frei
Theresienstadt (Czechoslovakia)
Theresienstadt ghetto
Theresienstadt (Czechoslovakia: Ghetto)
Entrance to Theresienstadt ghetto, Czechoslovakia
Photographs
Photographs, Theresienstadt ghetto
Photographs, ghettos
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
German, language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: RG-45.01.23, Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Monument Photo and CaptionAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Monument as well as a caption to accompany the photograph.
Subject/Index Terms:
Warsaw ghetto
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Poland)
The Monument of Ghetto Heros, Warsaw
Warsaw Ghetto Memorial
Jewish resistance organizations in ghettos, Poland
Jewish resistance organization in the Warsaw ghetto
Zydowski Zwiazek Wojskowy (Jewish Military Union), Warsaw
Liquidation of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, May 1943
Holocaust Memorialization
Photographs
Photographs, Warsaw Ghetto
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 24: RG-45.01.24, Watchtower and Barbed WireAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A black and white negative photograph of a watchtown and electric barbed wire on the fences.  It is unclear which concentration camp this photograph depicts.
Subject/Index Terms:
Concentration camps, German
Watchtower, concentration camp
Photographs
wartime photographs
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Wartime Europe, historic photographs, 1939 -- 1945
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
concentration camp photographs
Photographs, concentration camps
The Holocaust in Europe, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German atrocities
Nazi atrocities
Creators:
Secondary publications (1939 -- present)
Holocaust Repositories
Holocaust-related publications, postwar (1945 -- present)

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[Sub-Collection 1: RG-45.01, Negatives of the photo-documents, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-45.02, Secondary photo-documents, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-45.03, Never Again, photo-documents from Polish repositories, 1939 -- 1945],
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