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Volkischer Beobachter (The National Observer), a Collection of Nazi-German newspapers, the Munich edition

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Detailed Description

RG-76.01, Volkischer Beobachter, 1935

RG-76.02, Volkischer Beobachter, 1937

RG-76.03, Volkischer Beobachter, 1938



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Collection Overview

Title: Volkischer Beobachter (The National Observer), a Collection of Nazi-German newspapers, the Munich edition, 1935-1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1943 -- 1945

ID: RG-76/RG-76

Primary Creator: Central Publishing House of the NSDAP

Extent: 2.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Newspapers are arranged chronologically in to sub Record Groups as assigned by the processor

Subjects: Documents in German language, Folkischer Beobachter, analytical articles, Germany (1918--1933), Germany (1933 -- 1939), Germany (1939--1945), National Socialism, theory and regime, National Socialist Ideology, National Socialist periodicals in Germany, 1933 -- 1945, National Socialist Propaganda, NSDAP and Nazi Germany, party and government officials, Voelkischer Beobachter, Analysis of geopolitical situation, Voelkischer Beobachter, internal politics, Voelkischer Beobachter, international politics, Voelkischer Beobachter, news from the front-lines, Voelkischer Beobachter, speeches and appeals of the Nazi leadership, Volkischer Beobachter, editorial articles, Volkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals

Languages: German

Abstract

This is a selected Collection of the publication named Voelkischer Beobachter (The National Observer), an official press organ of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP). It is the Munich edition of Voelkischer Beobachter.

Our repository has incomplete issues of the period between 1935 and 1945. The more completed is the period between 1943 and 1945.

Voelkischer Beobachter (the National Observer) was the newspaper of the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP or Nazi Party) from 1920. It first appeared weekly, then daily from 8 February 1923. For twenty-five years it formed part of the official public face of the Nazi party

The "fighting paper of the National Socialist movement of Greater Germany" (Kampfblatt der nationalsozialistischen Bewegung Großdeutschlands) had its origin in the Münchner Beobachter ("Munich Observer"), which in 1918 was acquired by the Thule Society and in August 1919 was renamed Völkischer Beobachter. The NSDAP purchased it in December 1920 on the initiative of Chase Bauduin and Dietrich Eckart, who became the first editors. In 1921, Adolf Hitler acquired all shares in the company, making him the sole owner of the publication.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This Record Group, RG-76, Volkischer Beobachter (the National Observer) is a collection of the official press organ of the National Socialists. It comprises seven collections, arranged by the years of publication, namely RG-76.01 relates to 1935; RG-76.02 relates to 1937; RG-76.03 relates 1938; RG-76.04 relates to 1940; RG-76.05 relates to 1943; RG-76.06 relates to 1944 and RG-76.07 relates to 1945; The Collections for the years 1943 -- 1945 are more complete than the others. All periodicals are digitized.

Collection Historical Note

This Collection is part of the Anton Karl Papers (RG-59). The Anton Karl Papers is a number of not necessarily related collections, except for the same Creator, namely him and his family. The collection of one the main Nazi periodicals, Voelkischer Beobachter, poses significant historical interest and owing to this criterion is also presented as the record group of its own.

Völkischer Beobachter, (German: “the National Observer”), daily newspaper published by the Nazi Party in Germany from the 1920s until the fall of the Third Reich in 1945. The paper was originally founded in 1887 as a four-page Munich weekly, the Münchner Beobachter. It had become a daily anti-Semitic gossip sheet with a circulation of about 7,000 when it was bought by Adolph Hitler in 1923 to serve as the propaganda organ of his National Socialist German Workers’ Party. In 1941 its circulation had passed 1.1 million.

Publication of the Völkischer Beobachter was suspended three times in the early 1920s by the Weimar Republic authorities because of anti-Semitic articles and attacks on government policies and officials. After the third suspension it resumed publication as a weekly in 1925 and became a daily again a month later. Hitler had made Alfred Rosenberg its editor, and the latter continued the anti-Semitic thrust of the paper while making it a forum for Hitler and propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels. The Völkischer Beobachter launched Berlin and South German editions in 1930, and in 1933 the paper opened a new editorial and printing headquarters in Berlin. A Vienna edition began to appear following Germany’s annexation of Austria in 1938. Foreign correspondents and diplomats from the rest of the world followed it for indications of Nazi policy shifts and propaganda objectives, making allowances for its usual exaggeration and hyperbole.

Subject/Index Terms

Documents in German language
Folkischer Beobachter, analytical articles
Germany (1918--1933)
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Germany (1939--1945)
National Socialism, theory and regime
National Socialist Ideology
National Socialist periodicals in Germany, 1933 -- 1945
National Socialist Propaganda
NSDAP and Nazi Germany, party and government officials
Voelkischer Beobachter, Analysis of geopolitical situation
Voelkischer Beobachter, internal politics
Voelkischer Beobachter, international politics
Voelkischer Beobachter, news from the front-lines
Voelkischer Beobachter, speeches and appeals of the Nazi leadership
Volkischer Beobachter, editorial articles
Volkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-76.01, Volkischer Beobachter, 1935, 1935],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-76.02, Volkischer Beobachter, 1937, September 1937],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-76.03, Volkischer Beobachter, 1938],
[All]

Sub-Collection 1: RG-76.01, Volkischer Beobachter, 1935, 1935Add to your cart.
The Government of Nazi Germany announces general military conscription and the establishment of the new German Army, comprising the ground forces, the navy and the air force. Nazi-German re-militarization has began. This Announcement is dated by March 16, 1935
Subject/Index Terms:
Voelkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial articles
Voelkischer Beobachter, program articles
Voelkischer Beobachter, governmental announcements
Re-militarization of Nazi Germany, 1935 -- 1939
General conscription to the German Armed Forces, March 1935
Re-organization of the German Army began, 1935
Ground forces, navy and air force are created in Nazi Germany, 1935
Nazi Germany violates the provision of the Paris Peace Conference by launching the Re-armament
Nazi Government of Germany, appeals to German people, 1933 -- 1945
Strategic and tactical structure of the rebuilding of the German Army, 1935
Periodicals, German
Periodicals, Nazi
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Geopolitical situation in Europe, 1933 -- 1939
Berlin (Germany)
Documents in German language
Creators:
Voelkischer Beobachter (People's Observer, a German wartime newspaper) (1933-1945)
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial board and contributors (1920 -- 1925)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-76.01.01, Volkischer Beobachter March 16, 1935, 16 March 1935Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
An issue of the Voelkischer Beobachter periodical, the German newspaper of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, from March 16, 1935. In this issue, it is announced that Germany will re-organize and rebuild its armed forces, an action that is in direct violation with the Treaty of Versailles, signed by Germany after the First World War. This issue states that the military is strictly for protecting Germany’s people, not for expansion or war. This was one of the first of many public lies and violations Germany would be responsible for coming up to the Second World War.
Subject/Index Terms:
Berlin (Germany)
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
General conscription to the German Armed Forces, March 1935
Geopolitical situation in Europe, 1933 -- 1939
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Ground forces, navy and air force are created in Nazi Germany, 1935
Nazi Germany violates the provision of the Paris Peace Conference by launching the Re-armament
Nazi Government of Germany, appeals to German people, 1933 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Periodicals, German
German political appeals in the German periodicals, 1920s -- 1940s
Periodicals, Nazi
Re-militarization of Nazi Germany, 1935 -- 1939
Re-organization of the German Army began, 1935
Strategic and tactical structure of the rebuilding of the German Army, 1935
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial articles
Voelkischer Beobachter, governmental announcements
Voelkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals
Voelkischer Beobachter, program articles
Political and economic plans of Nazi Germany, 1935
Creators:
Voelkischer Beobachter (People's Observer, a German wartime newspaper) (1933-1945)
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial board and contributors (1920 -- 1925)
Sub-Collection 2: RG-76.02, Volkischer Beobachter, 1937, September 1937Add to your cart.
Both issues cover the visit of Benito Mussolini to Germany in September 1937
Subject/Index Terms:
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial articles
Voelkischer Beobachter, governmental announcements
Voelkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals
Voelkischer Beobachter, program articles
German - Italian Political Pact, September 1937
Benito Mussolini, or Il Duce, the fascist Prime Minister of Italy, 1922 -- 1943
Duce or Benito Mussolini, the fascist Prime Minister and the leader of Italy in 1922 – 1943
Alliance between Italy and Germany, September, 1937
Re-organization of Italy into a Fascist state, 1922 -- 1930s
The origin and nature of Italian Fascism
State visit of Mussolini to Germany, September 1937
Mussolini is well-received by the German people, September 1937
Meeting of Hitler and Mussolini, September 1937
German - Italian Relations, 1930s
Berlin (Germany)
Mussolini in Berlin, 1937
Mussolini touring Germany, September 1937
Mussolini at the German countryside, September 1937
Mussolini in Munich, September 1937
Munich (Germany)
Geopolitical situation in Europe, 1933 -- 1939
Periodicals, German
Periodicals, Nazi
Italy (1922--1940)
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Documents in German language
Creators:
Voelkischer Beobachter (People's Observer, a German wartime newspaper) (1933-1945)
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial board and contributors (1920 -- 1925)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-76.02.01.01, Volkischer Beobachter September 25, 1937, part 1, 25 September 1937Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
An issue of the Voelkischer Beobachter periodical, the German newspaper of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party, from September 25/26, 1937. Here, Germany welcomes the Prime Minister of Italy, Il Duce, Benito Mussolini, who travels through Germany with Adolf Hitler. The periodical discusses the importance of this meeting and the similarities in ideology between the two leaders. As Italy and Germany became more politically alienated, Mussolini and Hitler turned to each other as allies. This alliance would later be named the “Axis Powers” during the Second World War.
Subject/Index Terms:
Alliance between Italy and Germany, September, 1937
Benito Mussolini, or Il Duce, the fascist Prime Minister of Italy, 1922 -- 1943
Berlin (Germany)
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Geopolitical situation in Europe, 1933 -- 1939
German - Italian Political Pact, September 1937
German - Italian Relations, 1930s
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Hitler and Mussolini 1935-1939
Italy (1922--1940)
Meeting of Hitler and Mussolini, September 1937
Munich (Germany)
Mussolini in Munich, September 1937
Mussolini touring Germany, September 1937
Mussolini is well-received by the German people, September 1937
Mussolini in Berlin, 1937
Periodicals, German
Periodicals, Nazi
State visit of Mussolini to Germany, September 1937
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial articles
Voelkischer Beobachter, governmental announcements
Voelkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals
Voelkischer Beobachter, program articles
Re-organization of Italy into a Fascist state, 1922 -- 1930s
Italian Fascism
The origin and nature of Italian Fascism
Periodicals, photo-documents
Periodicals, photo-documents, Benito Mussolini
Periodicals, photo-documents, Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler
Periodicals, photo-documents, Adolf Hitler
Mussolini at the German countryside, September 1937
similarities between Fascist and Nazi ideologies
Nazi anti-Bolshevism
Fascist anti-Bolshevism
Creators:
Voelkischer Beobachter (People's Observer, a German wartime newspaper) (1933-1945)
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial board and contributors (1920 -- 1925)
Sub-Collection 3: RG-76.03, Volkischer Beobachter, 1938Add to your cart.
These issues of Voelkischer Beobachter glorify the fifth anniversary of the National Socialist Regime in power. Editorial and program articles underline the achievements of the Regime and outline ambitious plans for the perspective.
Subject/Index Terms:
National Socialist German Workers' Party
National Socialist movement, Germany and Austria
National Socialist Ideology
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial articles
Voelkischer Beobachter, governmental announcements
Voelkischer Beobachter, Nazi periodicals
Voelkischer Beobachter, program articles
The Fifith Anniversary of Nazi-German State, January 1930
Ideology of German National Socialism, 1930s
Populist appeal of the German National Socialism, 1930s
German parliamentary elections of January 1933
Nazi Propaganda
Political and economic plans of Nazi Germany, 1938
Culture in Nazi Germany, conceptions, 1938
Sports in Nazi Germany, analysis, 1933 -- 1938
German Air Force in 1933 -- 1938
German postal service in the Nazi state, 1933 -- 1938
Construction of German highway system, 2000 km in 1938 is completed
German Highway System, 1930s
National Socialistic appeal to the German nation, 1938
Nazi German security agencies, SA, 1938
The Sturmabteilung (SA), Storm Detachment or Assault Division, or Brownshirts, paramilitary wing
Science and Education in Nazi Germany, results and perspective, 1933 -- 1938
antisemitic caricatures
News and advertisements in Nazi German periodicals, 1930s
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Periodicals, German
Periodicals, Nazi
Documents in German language
Indoctrination of Fuehrer for the German nation, 1930s
German economy in 1938, analysis
Creators:
Voelkischer Beobachter (People's Observer, a German wartime newspaper) (1933-1945)
Voelkischer Beobachter, editorial board and contributors (1920 -- 1925)


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