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Ed Victor Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Detailed Description

RG-72.01, Synagogues of Europe, Northern Africa and Middle East in postcards and photographs

RG-72.02, Correspondence from and to ghettos

RG-72.03, Correspondence from and to concentration camps

RG-72.04, Identification documents

RG-72.05, Red Cross papers

RG-72.06, German postcards of various topics, 19th -- 20th century

RG-72.07, Correspondence to and from Lodz ghetto

RG-72.08, Correspondences from and to German labor service

RG-72.09, Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes

RG-72.10, Correspondence between German-occupied and unoccupied countries

RG-72.11, Theresienstadt correspondence, to and from the ghetto

RG-72.12, Histories of families and individuals in Germany-controlled Europe and in the Allied nations

RG-72.13, Antisemitic materials, Europe and America,  19th - 20th Centuries

RG-72.14, Documents issued by German and collaborating authorities in 1933 - 1945

RG-72.15, Emigration and immigrants, Europe, America, Asia

RG-72.16, Jewish Councils (Judenraete) in Germany and German-occupied and controlled territories

RG-72.17, Anti-Nazi resistance and Jews in the foreign armed forces

RG-72.18, Hungarian Jewish experience as reflected in correspondence

RG-72.19, Ration coupons and food cards in German-occupied Europe, 1939 -- 1945

RG-72.20, Ghetto and camp scrips (receipts) and monetary signs

RG-72.21, Inter-state and inter-regional correspondence

RG-72.22, Correspondence between Germany and German-occupied territories

RG-72.23, Postwar correspondence and early commemoration of the Holocaust

RG-72.24, Correspondence from and to prisoner of war camps

RG-72.25, Displaced persons documents

RG-72.26, Relief and Rehabilitation Organization, correspondence

RG-72.27, Correspondence from and to Nazi Prisons

RG-72.28, Correspondence from and to Internment and Transit camps

RG-72.29, Correspondence within Romania and between Romania and other countries

RG-72.30, Jewish Yellow Stars and Patches

RG-72.31, Jewish periodicals in occupied territories

RG-72.32, Correspondence between German-unoccupied countries

RG-72.33, Correspondence within German-occupied Poland

RG-72.34, Croatian collection of wartime documents

RG-72.35, Italian Collection of wartime documents



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Ed Victor Papers, 1933-1972 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Ed Victor Papers, 1933-1972Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1939 -- 1946

ID: RG-72/RG-72

Primary Creator: Victor, Ed (1960s -- 1990s)

Extent: 1800.0 Items

Arrangement: The arrangement scheme for the record group was imposed during processing in the absence of an original order. Materials are arranged by subjects, themes and creators.

Subjects: Auschwitz complex of Nazi - German extermination and concentration camps, Buchenwald, German-Nazi concentration camp, Concentration camps, German, Flossenburg, German Concentration camp, German Labor Service, labor in Germany, 1940 -- 1945, Gross Rosen, German concentration camp, Gusen German concentration camp, Hamburg-Neuengamme, German concentration camp, Holocaust, Jewish (1939 -- 1945), Identification documents, German issued, 1933 -- 1945, Jasenovac, Croatian Concentration camp, Jewish ghettos in German-occupied and controlled Europe, Judenrat, Jewish council in ghettos, Lodz ghetto, 1940 -- 1944, Majdanek, German concentration camp, Mauthausen, German Concentration camp, Oranienburg-Sachsenhausen, German Concentration Camp, Postcards, political images, German, prisoner correspondence, 1933 -- 1945, Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes, Ravensbrueck, German concentration camp, Red Cross, International, 1933 -- 1946, Stutthof, German Concentration camp, Synagogues, religious temples

Languages: German, Czech, Polish, Yiddish, Ukrainian, Russian, French, Spanish;Castilian, Portuguese, Slovak, English, Hungarian, Serbian, Croatian, Romanian, Greek,Modern(1453-), Hebrew

Abstract

In October 2011, Mr. Edward Victor, former lawyer and philanthropist, donated to the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust his Collection of the Second World War era documents and artifacts. Owing to this generous donation, our Archive acquired highly valuable historic materials. Being multivectorial by content and form, these documents and artifacts mirror various facets of the Holocaust and in a broader sense, they emanate from the war realities.

Mr. Victor’s Papers also include a special collection of postcards and photographs depicting largely bygone synagogues of Europe, Northern Africa and Middle East.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Ed Victor Papers comprises 58 collections, sub-collections. The latters include a great deal of folders and folder-level collections. All in all this record groups contains around 1800 documents.

Collection Historical Note

Mr. Victor started his collection guided primarily by philatelic interest. He collected letters, envelopes, postcards and other documents bearing a postal stamp or institutional stamps of the respective authorities and agencies. At a certain point, he realizes that the fate of the people, reflected in the short narratives, is of eternal historic value and shall not be measured only in a philatelic dimension. The content of various wartime correspondences reveals a historic enormity of victimization, dehumanization and personal tragedies on one side and a cold blood calmness of perpetrators on the other.

Reading correspondences sent from concentration camps, prisons, ghettos and German labor service open up a microcosm of tragic stories.  Other groups of documents, such as official correspondences of National Socialist authorities, inquiries submitted by the relatives of incarcerated people, antisemitic and propaganda materials, rationing coupons also broaden our understanding of the Holocaust and about the structure of the Nazi regime.  Ed Victor Papers, as a corpus of wartime documents, historicize the Holocaust in the context of the 20th century History.  They shed light on the earlier, lesser known and often under researched pages of the Holocaust Experience, especially when it comes to the fate of individuals. At a certain point, multiple micro-histories become qualitatively intrinsic to the macro-history of the Holocaust.

Biographical Note

Mr. Victor started his collection guided primarily by philatelic interest. He collected letters, envelopes, postcards and other documents bearing a postal stamp or institutional stamps of the respective authorities and agencies. At a certain point, he realizes that the fate of the people, reflected in the short narratives, is of eternal historic value and shall not be measured only in a philatelic dimension. The content of various wartime correspondences reveals a historic enormity of victimization, dehumanization and personal tragedies on one side and a cold blood calmness of perpetrators on the other.

Subject/Index Terms

Auschwitz complex of Nazi - German extermination and concentration camps
Buchenwald, German-Nazi concentration camp
Concentration camps, German
Flossenburg, German Concentration camp
German Labor Service, labor in Germany, 1940 -- 1945
Gross Rosen, German concentration camp
Gusen German concentration camp
Hamburg-Neuengamme, German concentration camp
Holocaust, Jewish (1939 -- 1945)
Identification documents, German issued, 1933 -- 1945
Jasenovac, Croatian Concentration camp
Jewish ghettos in German-occupied and controlled Europe
Judenrat, Jewish council in ghettos
Lodz ghetto, 1940 -- 1944
Majdanek, German concentration camp
Mauthausen, German Concentration camp
Oranienburg-Sachsenhausen, German Concentration Camp
Postcards, political images, German
prisoner correspondence, 1933 -- 1945
Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes
Ravensbrueck, German concentration camp
Red Cross, International, 1933 -- 1946
Stutthof, German Concentration camp
Synagogues, religious temples


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-72.01, Synagogues of Europe, Northern Africa and Middle East in postcards and photographs],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-72.02, Correspondence from and to ghettos, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-72.03, Correspondence from and to concentration camps, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-72.04, Identification documents, 1926 --1948],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-72.05, Red Cross papers, 1940 --1944],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-72.06, German postcards of various topics, 19th -- 20th century, 1931 --1942],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-72.07, Correspondence to and from Lodz ghetto, 1941 -- 1944],
[Sub-Collection 8: RG-72.08, Correspondences from and to German labor service, 1940 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 9: RG-72.09, Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes, 1944 -- 1948],
[Sub-Collection 10: RG-72.10, Correspondence between German-occupied and unoccupied countries, 1939 -- 1944],
[Sub-Collection 11: RG-72.11, Theresienstadt correspondence, to and from the ghetto, 1942 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 12: RG-72.12, Histories of families and individuals in Germany-controlled Europe and in the Allied nations, 1933 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 13: RG-72.13, Antisemitic materials, Europe and America,  19th - 20th Centuries, 19th -- 20th centuries],
[Sub-Collection 14: RG-72.14, Documents issued by German and collaborating authorities in 1933 - 1945, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 15: RG-72.15, Emigration and immigrants, Europe, America, Asia, 1936 -- 1942],
[Sub-Collection 16: RG-72.16, Jewish Councils (Judenraete) in Germany and German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1943],
[Sub-Collection 17: RG-72.17, Anti-Nazi resistance and Jews in the foreign armed forces, 1939 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 18: RG-72.18, Hungarian Jewish experience as reflected in correspondence, 1940 --1944],
[Sub-Collection 19: RG-72.19, Ration coupons and food cards in German-occupied Europe, 1939 -- 1945, 1940 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 20: RG-72.20, Ghetto and camp scrips (receipts) and monetary signs, 1940 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 21: RG-72.21, Inter-state and inter-regional correspondence, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 22: RG-72.22, Correspondence between Germany and German-occupied territories, 1936 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 23: RG-72.23, Postwar correspondence and early commemoration of the Holocaust, 1945 -- 1950],
[Sub-Collection 24: RG-72.24, Correspondence from and to prisoner of war camps, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 25: RG-72.25, Displaced persons documents, 1945 -- 1950],
[Sub-Collection 26: RG-72.26, Relief and Rehabilitation Organization, correspondence, 1939--1945],
[Sub-Collection 27: RG-72.27, Correspondence from and to Nazi Prisons, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 28: RG-72.28, Correspondence from and to Internment and Transit camps, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 29: RG-72.29, Correspondence within Romania and between Romania and other countries, 1940 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 30: RG-72.30, Jewish Yellow Stars and Patches, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 31: RG-72.31, Jewish periodicals in occupied territories, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 32: RG-72.32, Correspondence between German-unoccupied countries, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 33: RG-72.33, Correspondence within German-occupied Poland, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 34: RG-72.34, Croatian collection of wartime documents, 1941 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 35: RG-72.35, Italian Collection of wartime documents],
[All]

Sub-Collection 23: RG-72.23, Postwar correspondence and early commemoration of the Holocaust, 1945 -- 1950Add to your cart.
This collection contains correspondences narrated at the close of the war. It largely related to the search for relatives and friends. The documents originate from the official organizations and indivisuals in the matter of refugee issues.
Subject/Index Terms:
Polish Central Relief and Aid Organization
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)
Relief and Aid Committees
refugee and dsiplaced person inquiries
Hebrew Immigration Aid Society
Far Eastern Jewish Information Bureau
Postliberation commemoration of the Holocaust
Berlin (Germany)
German labor service, 1939 -- 1945
Swiss Aid and Relief Committee for Jews in Geneva
Kutno (Poland)
Konstancja (Kutno, Poland: Jewish Labor Camp)
Lajb Menche, prisoner of the Jewish labor camp in Konstancja near Kutno in Poland, 1941
Kraków (Poland)
Cracow (Poland)
General-Government (German-occupied Poland, 1939-1945)
Jewish forced labor in Poland
Jewish council (Judenrat) of Lublin
Szoel Mehel, inhabitant of the Lublin ghetto, 1942
Lublin (Poland: ghetto)
Ghetto inhabitants, Poland
Kaulsdorf (Berlin, Germany)
Civilian or community  labor cams, German
Creators:
former prisoners of nazi concentration camps and ghettos (1939 -- 1945)
relief and rehabilitation organizations (1945 -- 1950)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-72.23.01, Postcard sent from Berlin to Rada Glowna Opoekuncza (Polish Main Aid Councll) in  Krakow, 3 January 1945, January 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Rucyna Lachecka, a Polish foreing laborer in Kaulsdorf (Berlin) writes to the Polish Main Aid Council in Cracow with the request of an address of Urszula Ossowska in Warsaw, January 1945
Subject/Index Terms:
Correspondence between individual and Jewish agencies, the Second World War
Polish central welfare council (Rada Główna Opiekuńcza)
German Labor Service, labor in Germany, 1940 -- 1945
Rucyna Lachecka, Polish laborer in Germany
Cracow (Poland)
Krakow, Poland
Germany (1939--1945)
Poland (1939 --1945)
Inquiries about family members and friends
Kaulsdorf (Berlin, Germany)
Documents in German language
Documents in Polish language
Krakau (Poland)
Correspondence between individuals and Relief and Aid Agencies
Creators:
Rucyna Lachecka, Polish laborer in Germany (January 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-72.23.02, Postcard from Lajb Menche in a Jewish camp in Konstancja newar Kutno to the  Swiss Aid  committee for Jews in Geneva, 1941, September 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Lajb Menche, interned in the labor camp in Konstancja near Kutno, Poland, sends a postcard to the Swiss Relief and Aid Committee for Jews in Geneva. It is likely that by sending this postcard with his name and address, he has registered with this Committee.
Subject/Index Terms:
Labor camps, German
Labor camps for Jews, German
Correspondence between individual and Jewish agencies, the Second World War
Kutno (Poland)
Konstancja (Kutno, Poland: Jewish Labor Camp)
Poland (1939--1945)
Geneva (Switzerland)
Swiss Aid and Relief Committee for Jews in Geneva
Lajb Menche, prisoner of the Jewish labor camp in Konstancja near Kutno in Poland, 1941
German police and security forces, Poland
Documents in German language
Aid from the Swiss Aid and Relief Committee for Jews, 1941
Confirmation correspondence of receiving aid from the Swiss Relief and Aid Committee for Jews, 1941
Creators:
Lajb Menche, prisoner of the German labor camp for Jews in Konstancja near Kutno, Poland (1941)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-72.23.03, Postcard sent from Szoel Mehel in Lublin to Swiss Aid committee for Jews in Geneva, March 1942, March 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Szoel Mehel in Lublin Ghetto sends a postcard to the Swiss Relief and Aid for Jews Committee. Receipt of 1/2KG of food package.
Subject/Index Terms:
Lublin (Poland)
Jewish council (Judenrat) of Lublin
Jewish Council (Judenrate), Lublin ghetto
Aid from the Swiss Aid and Relief Committee for Jews, 1941
Confirmation correspondence of receiving aid from the Swiss Relief and Aid Committee for Jews, 1941
Correspondence between individual and Jewish agencies, the Second World War
Geneva (Switzerland)
Labor camps, German
Labor camps for Jews, German
Poland (1939 --1945)
Swiss Aid and Relief Committee for Jews in Geneva
Szoel Mehel, inhabitant of the Lublin ghetto, 1942
Lublin (Poland: ghetto)
Creators:
Szoel Mehel, inhabitant of the Lublin Ghetto, 1942 (March 1942)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-72.23.04, Postcard sent from Doverstorp Refugee camp to Mae Lasker in Palestine, 21 June 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

A postcard written from the Doverstorp refugee camp in Sweden by Mae Lasker to Palestine.

    Doverstorp was an internment camp located in Sweden.  Below are thumbnails of the front and back of a postcard dated June 21, 1945, from the internment camp at Doverstorp to Palestine. The writer was a forced labor prisoner from Berlin rescued by the Swedish Red Cross. He writes that his whole family is dead, and he is the only survivor of these horrors.

Subject/Index Terms:
Correspondence between inhabitants of refugee camps and relatives and friends, 1945 -- 1958
Doverstorp (Sweden: Refugee Camp)
Correspondence between inhabitants of the Doverstorp Refugee camp in Sweden and Palestine, 1945
Mae Lasker, forced laborer in Berlin and then inhabitant of the Doversterp refugee camp in Sweden, 1
Doverstorp (Sweden)
Berlin (Germany)
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Sweden (1945 -- present)
Forced laborers, Jewish, 1933 -- 1945
Swedish Red Cross, 1945 -- 1950
German - Swedish Relations, 1939 -- 1945
Documents in German language
Creators:
Mae Lasker, forced laborer in Berlin, then an inhabitant of Doverstorp refugee camp in Sweden, June (June 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-72.23.05, Postcard sent from Palestine to Western Ukraine, 8 July 1945Add to your cart.
Postcard sent from Palestine to Western Ukraine, 8 July 1945
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 30: RG-72.23.30, Testimony regarding forced labor at Mauthausen by Wolfgang Sanner, 6 July 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Testimony provided by Wolfgang Sanner, Manager of the A.E.G. Berlin and Secretary of the Labor Drafting Department at Mauthausen Concentration Camp, regarding the organization and drafting of prisoners for forced labor at Mauthausen. This testimony was subscribed and sworn to before Captain A. J. Hackl, investigating officer, U.S. Army on 6 July, 1945.

Sanner's testimony outlines the administrative offices and SS administrators responsible for drafting forced labor in German concentration camps. Further, he describes the types of hard labor to which prisoners were put and how prisoners were selected by Capos for hard labor. He testifies that prisoners were never paid for their labor. Instead, the money paid by private firms for prisoners' labor was kept by SS administrators.

Subject/Index Terms:
Captain A. J. Hackl, investigating officer, U.S. Army
Wolfgang Sanner, Secretary of the Labor Drafting Department, Mauthausen
Forced labor
Forced labor camps
Mauthausen (Austria: Concentration Camp)
Mauthausen, German Concentration camp
Mauthausen concentration camp, liberation and its aftermath
Slave labor in the Mauthausen concentration camp
Forced labor in the quarry (Mauthausen)
Mauthausen (Austria)
Prisoner self-administration in concentration camps
Kapo, prisoners supervising forced labor in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
SS and administrative personnel, German
SS Wirtschafts Verwaltungshauptamt, SS Economic and Administrative Department (SS WVHA)
Gerhard Maurer, deputy head, Office Group D, SS Economic and Administrative Department (SS WVHA)
Hans Moser, chief officer, Office Group D, SS Economic and Administrative Department (SS WVHA)
Profiteering from forced labor in concentration camps
Testimonies, postwar
Investigation of Nazi Crimes
Documents in English language
Narratives in English language
Forced labor in concentration camps
Creators:
Wolfgang Sanner, Secretary of the Labor Drafting Department at Mauthausen Concentration Camp
A. J. Hackl, Captain in the U.S. Army

Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-72.01, Synagogues of Europe, Northern Africa and Middle East in postcards and photographs],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-72.02, Correspondence from and to ghettos, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-72.03, Correspondence from and to concentration camps, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-72.04, Identification documents, 1926 --1948],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-72.05, Red Cross papers, 1940 --1944],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-72.06, German postcards of various topics, 19th -- 20th century, 1931 --1942],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-72.07, Correspondence to and from Lodz ghetto, 1941 -- 1944],
[Sub-Collection 8: RG-72.08, Correspondences from and to German labor service, 1940 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 9: RG-72.09, Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes, 1944 -- 1948],
[Sub-Collection 10: RG-72.10, Correspondence between German-occupied and unoccupied countries, 1939 -- 1944],
[Sub-Collection 11: RG-72.11, Theresienstadt correspondence, to and from the ghetto, 1942 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 12: RG-72.12, Histories of families and individuals in Germany-controlled Europe and in the Allied nations, 1933 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 13: RG-72.13, Antisemitic materials, Europe and America,  19th - 20th Centuries, 19th -- 20th centuries],
[Sub-Collection 14: RG-72.14, Documents issued by German and collaborating authorities in 1933 - 1945, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 15: RG-72.15, Emigration and immigrants, Europe, America, Asia, 1936 -- 1942],
[Sub-Collection 16: RG-72.16, Jewish Councils (Judenraete) in Germany and German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1943],
[Sub-Collection 17: RG-72.17, Anti-Nazi resistance and Jews in the foreign armed forces, 1939 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 18: RG-72.18, Hungarian Jewish experience as reflected in correspondence, 1940 --1944],
[Sub-Collection 19: RG-72.19, Ration coupons and food cards in German-occupied Europe, 1939 -- 1945, 1940 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 20: RG-72.20, Ghetto and camp scrips (receipts) and monetary signs, 1940 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 21: RG-72.21, Inter-state and inter-regional correspondence, 1933 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 22: RG-72.22, Correspondence between Germany and German-occupied territories, 1936 --1945],
[Sub-Collection 23: RG-72.23, Postwar correspondence and early commemoration of the Holocaust, 1945 -- 1950],
[Sub-Collection 24: RG-72.24, Correspondence from and to prisoner of war camps, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 25: RG-72.25, Displaced persons documents, 1945 -- 1950],
[Sub-Collection 26: RG-72.26, Relief and Rehabilitation Organization, correspondence, 1939--1945],
[Sub-Collection 27: RG-72.27, Correspondence from and to Nazi Prisons, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 28: RG-72.28, Correspondence from and to Internment and Transit camps, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 29: RG-72.29, Correspondence within Romania and between Romania and other countries, 1940 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 30: RG-72.30, Jewish Yellow Stars and Patches, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 31: RG-72.31, Jewish periodicals in occupied territories, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 32: RG-72.32, Correspondence between German-unoccupied countries, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 33: RG-72.33, Correspondence within German-occupied Poland, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 34: RG-72.34, Croatian collection of wartime documents, 1941 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 35: RG-72.35, Italian Collection of wartime documents],
[All]


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