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Dachau Concentration Camp

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

RG-28.01, Dachau concentration camp. Mass killing of the Soviet prisoners of war

RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources

RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments

RG-28.04, Dachau concentration camp, postwar memorialization

RG-28.05, German armaments production,  Werk Dachau in Dachau



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Dachau Concentration Camp, 1941-1946 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Dachau Concentration Camp, 1941-1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1941 -- 1943

ID: RG-28/RG-28

Primary Creator: Allied Authorities, US Military Government in Germany, Gestapo and Dachau commandant offices (1945 -- 1946)

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement:

The arrangement scheme for the record group was imposed during processing in the absence of an original order. Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor.

Record group is comprised of four collections and one item, the collections of which are: 1. Collection on the Commandmant Office of Dachau concentration camp; 2. Dachau concentration camp photo album; 3. Dachau concentration camp photo-booklet; 4. Special Services of the US Seventh Army overview reports.

Languages: German, English

Abstract

RG-28, Dachau Concentration Camp and Memorial Site, 1941 -- 1946.

Documents from the camp commandant office and the documents relate to the postwar memorialization of the campsite

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This record group is comprised of materials related to Dachau concentration camp, documenting the administrative aspects of the camp authorities and its personnel; the murderous activities undertaken in the camp; and post-liberation documents which provide evidence of Nazi crimes and postwar trials of the camp personnel.

The correspondence within this record group include letters between the Gestapo in Munich, as well as other German police and security agencies with the Office of the Dachau camp commandant. Additionally, there are also the reports issued by the Dachau Commandant Office. These reports deal with daily activity, including the executions carried out for the Soviet Prisoners of War.

Other documents originate with the Allied military administration. For example, these such materials shed light on the murderous activities of the Nazi security agencies, in the concentration camps and prisoner of war camps, specifically regarding the mass killings of the Soviet (Russian) prisoners of war in October-November 1941 and April-May 1942. These documents, originating from the three different offices--the Commandmant Office of the Dachau concentration camp; the office of the Stalag VII A in Moosbourg; and from the office of Criminal Counsel Weyrauch--do not reveal the causes for the daily extermination of the Soviet (Russian) prisoners of war, mainly young soldiers, on the grounds of the Dachau concentration camp.

The linked documentary, within this record group, is streamed from the Film and Video Archive of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, and is titled Atrocities at Dachau.

Materials in this record group include reports by the Special Services of the U.S. Seventh Army; diaries and testimonies; official documents; photographs; and a linked documentary from USHMM.

Collection Historical Note

The security police carried out ongoing investigations at the prisoner of war camps: Stalag IV A, Stalag VII A, Stalag VII B, and Stalag Frt. 304. Upon the completion of the investigation, the charges were pressed and submitted to the Gestapo main office in Munich. The orders of liquidation (executions) were issued either by the Gestapo office or by the SIPO (Security Police). The Dachau Commandant Office executed the orders, while the camp personnel perpetrated mass killings. Then this office submitted the lists of the executed back to the Gestapo Office in Munich, providing time-related details of the executions. In the documents available to us, there are no indications on the incriminating charges or statements about the official sentences. It is remained unknown why that many Soviet prisoners of war were condemned to death.

Biographical Note

This record group combines records originated from the Gestapo and the Commandant office of Dachau concentrtion camp, as well as documents produced by the US Military Goverment with regard to investigation of Nazi crimes against humanity and peace

Administrative Information

Repository: Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Access Restrictions: No Restrictions, some documents are displayed at the Museum

Use Restrictions:

Copyrighted materials, credits to and references to the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust are required

Digital copies might be available upon request

Original/Copies Note: The documentary, Atrocities at Dachau, is linked from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, and can be found here: http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/detail.php?file_num=56.

Preferred Citation: RG-28, Dachau Concentration Camp. Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust Archive.

Processing Information: Materials are primarily described using the local descriptive standards of the LA Museum of the Holocaust.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-28.01, Dachau concentration camp. Mass killing of the Soviet prisoners of war, 1941 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments, 1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-28.04, Dachau concentration camp, postwar memorialization, 1945 --1946],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-28.05, German armaments production,  Werk Dachau in Dachau],
[All]

Sub-Collection 2: RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources, 1939 -- 1945Add to your cart.

This collection comprises correspondences and reports between the Commandant Offices of the Dachau Concentration Camp and Secret State Police (Gestapo) in Munich in respect to the Soviet (Russian) Prisoners of War who arrived to Dachau from the prisoners of war camps: Stalag IV B, Stalag VII A, Stalag VII B, and Stalag Frt. 304. The mass killings of the Soviet Prisoners of War were conducted on the grounds of Dachau Concentration Camps. Every mass execution was followed by a report issued by the Commandant Office to the Gestapo in Munich.

The documents presented in this collection reflect the murdering activities of the several Nazi security agencies and concentration camps. The security agencies were the State Secret Police (Gestapo) in Munich, Regensburg, and Weimar. In the documents these agencies are often referred as regional and local SIPO (Security Police) and SD (Security Service) police organization, in fact a generic names for state police agencies. The hierarchy and administrative subordination is not shown with regard to the issued orders. Seemingly, in the case of murdering Soviet (Russian) Prisoners of War, the Gestapo played a role of a coordinating agency.

On the Munich, Regensburg, and Weimar Gestapo offices order, the prisoner of war camps, located in German, notably: Stalag IV B, Stalag VII A, Stalag VII B, and Stalag Frt. 304, were directing the transport with the earlier selected Soviet prisoners of war to the disposition of the Dachau, and Buchenwald concentration camp. The orders from the SIPO and SD were issued and directed to the Commandant offices of the Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps. These orders are not present in the camp files, although the camp reports and certified information permit to understand the character of those orders. The SIPO and SD offices in coordination with the regional Gestapo headquarters ordered executions of the consecutively arriving groups of the Soviet prisoners of war.

The documents on the pages 1-5 and 7, 8 are originated from the Office of the Dachau Camp Commandant. The documents on the pages 6, 9, 10 are originated from the Stalag VII A in Moosbourg. The documents on the pages 11, 12, 13 are originated from the Criminal Counsel Weyrauch.

All herein mentioned documented in forms of the reports, certified information, and orders were subsequently addressed to the Gestapo offices in Munich, Regensburg, or Weimar; while the engaged camp offices had received the copies.

Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-28.02.01, Concentration Camp Dachau, Overview Reports by Special Services of the US Seventh Army, ca 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is a full-scale overview report of the inner functions and inner workings of Dachau Concentration Camp, conducted by the Special Services of the U.S. 7th Army.

The report is divided into four parts:

1.) Foreword by U.S. Colonel William W. Quinn 2.) Summarization of History, Composition, and Organization of Camp Dachau 3.) Camp Dachau, Town of Dachau, and the Townspeople of Dachau 4.) Memorandum, Diary & Account of Prisoners, Liberation of Camp Dachau

ca 1945

Subject/Index Terms:
Dachau (Germany)
Dachau (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Survivors of Dachau concentration camp
Prisoners of Dachau Concentration Camp, 1933-1945
United States (1939 -- 1945)
United States War Department
United States High Military Command
Germany (Europe)
Concentration camps in Germany, 1933 -- 1945
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), United States intelligence agency formed in the Second World War
OSS Section (Intelligence Services)
Organization of concentration camps in German-occupied and controlled territories, 1933 -- 1945
Prisoner diaries
PWB Section
CIC Detachment
Counterintelligence Corps (CIC)
Aftermath of Nazi-German concentration camp liberation, photographs
Aftermath of Nazi-German concentration camp liberation
US soldiers, liberation of Nazi-German concentration camps, photo-documents
Postliberation proofs of Nazi-German and Axis persecutions
Liberation of Nazi-German concentration camps, Germany
testimonies from the Nazi-German concentration camps
Quinn, Colonel William W.
Seventh U.S. Army
Gregorij Schechanin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau Camps, c. 1941
Simion Molow, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau Camps, c. 1941
Iwan Hassajew, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Pawel Sekerin, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Andrei Jakowlew, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Sergei Arlow, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolai Pirogow, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau Camps, c. 1941
Wasili Drostow, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolai Selin, Soviet Prisoner of War executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Sisenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Alexander Buldigin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Feodor Koszin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Wassilje Mogutoff, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolay Misarenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Offczarow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Johann Liwow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michael Abarin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Feodor Zacharow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolai Zachuwasoff, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Alexander Dawidow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Grigori Gussew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Wassilije Botschkariow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Atanasius Trenikin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Abranow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Jacob Kusnjezow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Lawentry Iwanow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ignatius Dubow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michael Schkutarow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Jermak, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Petr Misko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Beresa, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Bogomasow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michail Tscheretwitzschnij, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Grigorij Gerber, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Alexander Miskow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Grigorij Nemazanj, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Grigorij Tschernjajew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Demian Orlow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michail Dotschuk, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Lukatenok, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Domaslawski, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Alexej Konikow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Piotr Knhuschkin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Feodor Kaftarowski, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Hanin Filimonow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Matschulski, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ilja Skwortzow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Selowiew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michail Kabanow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Galimula Scharipow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Wasili Belajew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Viktor Aleschin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Sergej Wasilew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Palewnikow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Melnikow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Pachom Ensartschuk, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Alexander Gulobew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Nikonow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Konstantin Schilow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Grigorij Valipow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Schaworonko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Daniel Borisijenkow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Viktor Sisoew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Piotr Smorak, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau Camps, c. 1941
Anatolij Fischow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michail Subankow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Fiodor Halasnyi, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Wasilij Mogutow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Stefan Pirijan, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Victor Kozlow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Leonid Nesterenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Andreev, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ivan Buneev, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Anatolij Zabula, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Magomet Saev, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Fjodor Miheev, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Aleksandr Puhov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ivan Skobelev, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Vladimir Volhov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Fedot Vahnikov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Andrej Kudrevathyh, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Dimitrij Naumov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ivan Karjavon, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Andrej Mensikov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Konstantin Slominskij, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Jurij Schamis, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Pjotr Ponomarenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Konstantin Astratov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Stepan Myroniuk, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Pogribniak, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Semen Balabajew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michail Ul'cifer, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Masikow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Aleksej Alejnikow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Wassilij Tobolenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Michail Sergeew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Litowtschenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Pjotr Birjukow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Jossif Polychan, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Nikolaj Newmerschickij, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Aleksej Nakotenko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Sliwko, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Georgij Stefanjuk, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Aleksandr Dmitriew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Iwan Sumbaew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Aleksandr Perepljotschikow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Dimitrij Schurow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Georgij Truschin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Dmitri Smorodin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Valentin Vasil'ev, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ivan Vilkov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Aleksei Acafonov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ivan Satohin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Sergej Voroncov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Vasilij Nikiforov, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Vasilij Smirnow, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Ivan Rudkowskij, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
Creators:
United States. Army Air Forces. Air Force, 7th. (1945)
Allied Authorities, US Military Government in Germany, Gestapo and Dachau commandant offices (1945 -- 1946)
German Authorities of Dachau Concentration Camp (1933 -- 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-28.02.02, Diary of E.K, and Testimony of E.H., as seen in Overview Reports, ca 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is the written transcription of the diary of a prisoner known to the Official Report as E.K, and the testimony of an additional prisoner known only as E.H.

The diary entries of E.K. span from 20 November, 1942 -- 25 December, 1942 as prisoner of Dachau Concentration camp.

Attached to the file is also a list of Soviet POW's that were sent from a Stalag POW camp, to one of the Dachau camps, to be executed, in 1941.

Subject/Index Terms:
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
CIC Detachment
Counterintelligence Corps (CIC)
Prisoner diaries
Diaries during the Holocaust
Dachau (Germany)
Dachau (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Prisoners of Dachau Concentration Camp, 1933-1945
Prisoner of Dachau concentration camp
Survivors of Dachau concentration camp
Existential perception of the Holocaust
Fear, self preservation, egoism, betrayal in existential realities
day-to-day life in Nazi concentration camps
Danzig (Poland)
Danzig (Germany)
Food in the concentration camps, 1933 -- 1945
Prisoners, children
Starvation, concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Interpersonal relationships in concentration camps
Medical experiments in Nazi-German concentration camps
Roman Catholic Priest
Health and illness in concentration camps
Gregorij Schechanin, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau Camps, c. 1941
Grigori Gussew, Soviet Prisoner of War, executed at the Dachau camps, c. 1941
United States High Military Command
United States War Department
US soldiers, liberation of Nazi-German concentration camps, photo-documents
Quinn, Colonel William W.
Creators:
Prisoners of Dachau concentration camp, Germany 1933--1945 (1933--1945)
United States. Army Air Forces. Air Force, 7th. (1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-28.02.03, Jozef Jonski, Dachau, Wajkert. June 27, 1943, 27 June 1943Add to your cart.

Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-28.01, Dachau concentration camp. Mass killing of the Soviet prisoners of war, 1941 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments, 1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-28.04, Dachau concentration camp, postwar memorialization, 1945 --1946],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-28.05, German armaments production,  Werk Dachau in Dachau],
[All]


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