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Dachau Concentration Camp

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

RG-28.01, Dachau concentration camp. Mass killing of the Soviet prisoners of war

RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources

RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments

RG-28.04, Dachau concentration camp, postwar memorialization

RG-28.05, German armaments production,  Werk Dachau in Dachau



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Dachau Concentration Camp, 1941-1946 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Dachau Concentration Camp, 1941-1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1941 -- 1943

ID: RG-28/RG-28

Primary Creator: Allied Authorities, US Military Government in Germany, Gestapo and Dachau commandant offices (1945 -- 1946)

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement:

The arrangement scheme for the record group was imposed during processing in the absence of an original order. Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor.

Record group is comprised of four collections and one item, the collections of which are: 1. Collection on the Commandmant Office of Dachau concentration camp; 2. Dachau concentration camp photo album; 3. Dachau concentration camp photo-booklet; 4. Special Services of the US Seventh Army overview reports.

Languages: German, English

Abstract

RG-28, Dachau Concentration Camp and Memorial Site, 1941 -- 1946.

Documents from the camp commandant office and the documents relate to the postwar memorialization of the campsite

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This record group is comprised of materials related to Dachau concentration camp, documenting the administrative aspects of the camp authorities and its personnel; the murderous activities undertaken in the camp; and post-liberation documents which provide evidence of Nazi crimes and postwar trials of the camp personnel.

The correspondence within this record group include letters between the Gestapo in Munich, as well as other German police and security agencies with the Office of the Dachau camp commandant. Additionally, there are also the reports issued by the Dachau Commandant Office. These reports deal with daily activity, including the executions carried out for the Soviet Prisoners of War.

Other documents originate with the Allied military administration. For example, these such materials shed light on the murderous activities of the Nazi security agencies, in the concentration camps and prisoner of war camps, specifically regarding the mass killings of the Soviet (Russian) prisoners of war in October-November 1941 and April-May 1942. These documents, originating from the three different offices--the Commandmant Office of the Dachau concentration camp; the office of the Stalag VII A in Moosbourg; and from the office of Criminal Counsel Weyrauch--do not reveal the causes for the daily extermination of the Soviet (Russian) prisoners of war, mainly young soldiers, on the grounds of the Dachau concentration camp.

The linked documentary, within this record group, is streamed from the Film and Video Archive of the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, and is titled Atrocities at Dachau.

Materials in this record group include reports by the Special Services of the U.S. Seventh Army; diaries and testimonies; official documents; photographs; and a linked documentary from USHMM.

Collection Historical Note

The security police carried out ongoing investigations at the prisoner of war camps: Stalag IV A, Stalag VII A, Stalag VII B, and Stalag Frt. 304. Upon the completion of the investigation, the charges were pressed and submitted to the Gestapo main office in Munich. The orders of liquidation (executions) were issued either by the Gestapo office or by the SIPO (Security Police). The Dachau Commandant Office executed the orders, while the camp personnel perpetrated mass killings. Then this office submitted the lists of the executed back to the Gestapo Office in Munich, providing time-related details of the executions. In the documents available to us, there are no indications on the incriminating charges or statements about the official sentences. It is remained unknown why that many Soviet prisoners of war were condemned to death.

Biographical Note

This record group combines records originated from the Gestapo and the Commandant office of Dachau concentrtion camp, as well as documents produced by the US Military Goverment with regard to investigation of Nazi crimes against humanity and peace

Administrative Information

Repository: Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Access Restrictions: No Restrictions, some documents are displayed at the Museum

Use Restrictions:

Copyrighted materials, credits to and references to the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust are required

Digital copies might be available upon request

Original/Copies Note: The documentary, Atrocities at Dachau, is linked from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, and can be found here: http://resources.ushmm.org/film/display/detail.php?file_num=56.

Preferred Citation: RG-28, Dachau Concentration Camp. Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust Archive.

Processing Information: Materials are primarily described using the local descriptive standards of the LA Museum of the Holocaust.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-28.01, Dachau concentration camp. Mass killing of the Soviet prisoners of war, 1941 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments, 1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-28.04, Dachau concentration camp, postwar memorialization, 1945 --1946],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-28.05, German armaments production,  Werk Dachau in Dachau],
[All]

Sub-Collection 3: RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments, 1945Add to your cart.

Photodocuments depicts the evidences of Nazi crimes perpetrated in the concentration camps on a mass scale.

These crimes are qualified according to the international law as crimes against humanity, peace and war crimes

Documentary film and photodocuments relate to the aftermath of the liberation of the Nazi camps.

Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-28.03.01, Picture report of five concentration camps, Bildbericht aus funf Konzentrationslagern, c. 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is a picture report of five concentration camps written in German under the title, "Bildbericht aus funf Konzentrationslagern", published by the American War Information Office on behalf of the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces.

The report highlights five camps: Buchenwald, Belsen, Gardelegen, Nordhausen, Ohrdruf. Report includes information about the camp and statistics related to deaths at each particular camp, and images attributed to each camp are post-liberation photographs.

c. 1946

Subject/Index Terms:
American soldiers, liberation of Nordhausen
Aftermath of Nazi-German concentration camp liberation, photographs
Aftermath of the liberation on Nazi-German concentration camps, Bergen Belsen, May 1945
Aftermath of the Buchenwald concentration camp liberation, photographs, 1945
US soldiers, liberation of Nazi-German concentration camps, photo-documents
Prisoners of Nazi-German concentration camps, postliberation conditions
Physical conditions of the Nazi concentration camp prisoners after liberation, photo-documents
Ohrdruf-Nord (Concentration camp)
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration Camp), post-liberation photographs
Buchenwald (Germany: concentration camp)
Bergen-Belsen (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Gardelegen (Germany)
Gardelegen massacre
Nordhausen (Germany)
Nordhausen (Concentration camp)
Armed Forces, Allied
Documents in German language
Germany (Europe)
Creators:
Allied Armed Forces, 1939 -- 1945 (1939 -- 1945)

Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-28.01, Dachau concentration camp. Mass killing of the Soviet prisoners of war, 1941 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-28.02, Dachau concentrtion camp diaries, secondary sources, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-28.03, Nazi crimes in the concentration camps, photodocuments, 1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-28.04, Dachau concentration camp, postwar memorialization, 1945 --1946],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-28.05, German armaments production,  Werk Dachau in Dachau],
[All]


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