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Prewar History and Jewish Life in Europe

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

RG-12.01, Photographs and artifacts

RG-12.02, Minority Affairs in Poland, publications

RG-12.03, Polish interwar Censuses and Statistics

RG-12.04, Jews in Nazi Europe, 1933-1941, Publications

RG-12.05, Film Collection of the USHMM Film Archive

RG-12.06, Georg Anker Papers

RG-12.07, Francis Blumenbaum Collection



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Prewar History and Jewish Life in Europe, 1897-1941 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Prewar History and Jewish Life in Europe, 1897-1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1918 --1939

ID: RG-12/RG-12

Primary Creator: Schwatz, Dana

Other Creators: Anker, Georg, Loen, Masha, Sprawy Narodowsciowe

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement:

The arrangement scheme for the record group was imposed during processing in the absence of an original order. Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor.

Record group is comprised of seven collections: 1. Collection of prewar photographs and artifacts; 2. Collection on minority affairs in Poland; 3. Collection of Polish interwar censuses and statistics; 4. Publications on Jews in Nazi Europe; 5. Collection of U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum films; 6. Georg Anker papers; 7. Francis Blumenbaum collection.

Subjects: Carpatho-Ruthenia (Czechoslovakia: province), Czechoslovakia (Europe), Jewish life in interwar Europe, Lwow Province Statistics, Minority Affairs in interwar Poland, Nationalism and the Theory of State, National minorities, Jewish, National minorities, Ukrainian, National Relations in interwar Poland, Polish official statistics of interwar time, Stanislawow Province Statistics, Tarnopol Province Statistics, wartime photographs, Wilno Province Statistics, Wolyn Province Statistics, Zionism, Jewish national movement

Forms of Material: Jews in Nazi Europe, 1933 -- 1941 (publication), Polish Census of 1921, Polish Census of 1931, Prewar photographs, Sprawy Narodowosciowe (National Minorities Affairs, publication)

Languages: German, Polish, Russian, Serbian, Croatian

Abstract

These Collections comprise Polish official statistics of the interwar period, including the materials of two Polish Censuses of 1921 and 1931, as well as other official statistics related to ethnic, national, religious, demographic, economic and social distribution of population in interwar Poland. The other collections contains materials about Jewish population in Nazi-controlled Europe and related publications.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This record group contains diverse documents illustrating general twentieth century European history and, in particular, various aspects of Jewish life in interwar Europe. Within this record group is the Georg Anker papers, which is comprised of photo albums depicting the First World War from the perspective of a German officer of Jewish descent. This collection is subdivided into photo albums depicting the various war-theaters where Georg Anker served, the photographs of which were taken in Russia, France, Latvia, Belgium, and in the regions of Eastern Europe.

Also within this record group is the interwar Polish quarterly publication, Sparwy Narodowosciowe (National Minorities Affairs); a publication by the Inter-American Jewish Conference, prepared by the Institute of Jewish Affairs in 1941; three streaming films on the prewar Jewish life in Eastern Europe, namely Czechoslovakia, Carpatho-Ruthenia, and Mukacevo; the personal collections of Masha Loen's and Dana Schwartz's family histories; and six volumes of the Polish census conducted in 1921 for the following Polish administrative units: the province of Lwów, Stanislawów, Tarnopol, Wolyn Nowgródek, and Wilno. These censuses are valuable historic sources for ethno-national, religious, economic, and socio-demographic composition for the six Polish provinces (Wojewodztwa). The Polish census of 1921 further provides unprecedented, valuable information on vernacular language, industrial, commercial, educational, gender, and other aspects of the multifaceted profile of the population.

Materials in this record group include photographs (including daguerrotypes), photo albums, official governmental publications, Polish censuses, personal recollections, postcards, maps, correspondence, and periodicals, all of which relate to multifaceted life of Jewish communities in Europe. Materials are digitized.

Collection Historical Note

In large part, the materials of this collection are historical primary sources in terms of both content and form. It is difficult to overestimate the historical value of censuses, scholarly publications of the interwar period, and original photo-documents depicting the Great War (the First World War). The personal collections of Masha Loen and Dana Schwartz compliment the general history. A collection of daguerreotypes serves as a historical relic in the development of photography, as well as an illustration of the social stratification of Russian Jewry.

Subject/Index Terms

Carpatho-Ruthenia (Czechoslovakia: province)
Czechoslovakia (Europe)
Jewish life in interwar Europe
Lwow Province Statistics
Minority Affairs in interwar Poland
Nationalism and the Theory of State
National minorities, Jewish
National minorities, Ukrainian
National Relations in interwar Poland
Polish official statistics of interwar time
Stanislawow Province Statistics
Tarnopol Province Statistics
wartime photographs
Wilno Province Statistics
Wolyn Province Statistics
Zionism, Jewish national movement

Administrative Information

Repository: Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Access Restrictions: No restriction

Use Restrictions:

Copyrighted materials, credits to and references to the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust are required

Digital copies might be available upon request

Preferred Citation: RG-12, Prewar History and Jewish Life in Europe. Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust Archive.

Processing Information: Materials are primarily described using the local descriptive standards of the LA Museum of the Holocaust.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-12.01, Photographs and artifacts, 1897-1941],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-12.02, Minority Affairs in Poland, publications, 1897-1941],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-12.03, Polish interwar Censuses and Statistics, 1921],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-12.04, Jews in Nazi Europe, 1933-1941, Publications, 1933 -- 1941],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-12.05, Film Collection of the USHMM Film Archive],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-12.06, Georg Anker Papers, 1914 -- 1918],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-12.07, Francis Blumenbaum Collection],
[All]

Sub-Collection 7: RG-12.07, Francis Blumenbaum CollectionAdd to your cart.
This sub-collection contains photographs from the prewar period in Poland and the Ukraine. There are photographs of Jewish life, Polish palaces and castles, architectural monuments, and Jewish cemeteries.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine
Post-Holocaust Commemoration
Polish Palaces and Castles, architectural monuments
Cemeteries, Jewish Kozienice (Poland)
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-12.07.01, Postcard of a photograph of a town street, Ukraine, early 1900sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A postcard with a photograph of a town street in the Ukraine in the early 1900s.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine
Photographs, pre-Second World War
postcards
Ukraine (Europe)
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-12.07.02, Photograph of a ruined synagogue, Ukraine, early 1900sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of a ruined synagogue in the Ukraine in the early 1900s.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine
Photographs, pre-Second World War
Synagogues
Ukraine (Europe)
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-12.07.03, Exhumation of Jews, killed in the Holocaust in Kozienice, Poland, 17 April 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of men carrying wooden coffins.  An exhumation of Jews killed in the Holocaust in Kozienice, Poland on April 17, 1949.
Subject/Index Terms:
Post-Holocaust Commemoration
Cemeteries, Jewish Kozienice (Poland)
Photographs
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Poland (Europe)
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-12.07.04, Photograph of a statue of a man slaying a wolf, near the Polish PalaceAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of a a statue of a man slaying a wolf near the Polish Palace.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine
Polish Palaces and Castles, architectural monuments
Photographs
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-12.07.05, Photograph of an airplane in the foreground of the Polish PalaceAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of an airplane in the foreground of the Polish Palace.
Subject/Index Terms:
Polish Palaces and Castles, architectural monuments
Photographs
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-12.07.06, Photograph of a Jewish cemeteryAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of a Jewish cemetery in Poland.
Subject/Index Terms:
Cemeteries, Jewish Kozienice (Poland)
Photographs
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-12.07.07, Photograph of new tombstones at the half-ruined Jewish cemeteryAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of new Jewish tombstones at the half-ruined Jewish cemetery.
Subject/Index Terms:
Cemeteries, Jewish Kozienice (Poland)
Photographs
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-12.07.08, Photograph of a statue of a man slaying a wild boar at the foreground of the Polish PalaceAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of a statue of a man slaying a wild boar at the foreground of the Polish Palace.
Subject/Index Terms:
Polish Palaces and Castles, architectural monuments
Photographs
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-12.07.09, Photographs of Jewish individuals taken ca 1930, Poland, circa 1930Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photographs of Jewish individuals taken in Poland ca 1930.
Subject/Index Terms:
Photographs, pre-Second World War
Jewish Life in Interwar Poland and Ukraine
Photographs
Creators:
Francis Blumenbaum Collection

Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-12.01, Photographs and artifacts, 1897-1941],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-12.02, Minority Affairs in Poland, publications, 1897-1941],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-12.03, Polish interwar Censuses and Statistics, 1921],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-12.04, Jews in Nazi Europe, 1933-1941, Publications, 1933 -- 1941],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-12.05, Film Collection of the USHMM Film Archive],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-12.06, Georg Anker Papers, 1914 -- 1918],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-12.07, Francis Blumenbaum Collection],
[All]


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