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American government and politics

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Detailed Description

RG-64.01, The Case Against an Anti-Ballistic Missile System, article from Look Magazine, November 28, 1967

RG-64.02, A Draftee is Sent to Fight, article from Look Magazine, November 28, 1967

RG-64.03. What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam, article from Look Magazine, part 1, 28 November 1967

RG-64.03, What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam, article from Look Magazine, part 2, 28 November 1967

RG-64.04, Saurday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power. Part 1, October 22, 1966

RG-64.04, Saturday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power, part 2, October 22, 1966

RG-64.04, Saturday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power, part 3, October 22, 1966



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American government and politics, 1960-1966 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: American government and politics, 1960-1966Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1960s

ID: RG-64/RG-64

Primary Creator: American politicians and journalists (1960s)

Extent: 1.0 Boxes

Subjects: American humanitarian responsibilities, American national interests, American politics, 1960s, Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975, Decision to apply military forces in Vietnam, Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965, Disasters of the Vietnam War, Division in the American society over the Vietnam War, Documents in English language, Global security, 1960s, Implementation of military decision, negative results, Implementation of military decisions, International Affairs, 1960s, Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States, Military support of North Vietnam by the USSR and China, Missile systems, defensive, Missile systems, offensive, Narratives in English language, Negotiations in the Vietnam War, Peace efforts in the Vietnam war, Presidential campaign of 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson, Presidential campaigns, intrigues and hypocrisies, United States, Presidential campaigns, United States, Reform in medical sphere, Great Society, United States, Reforms in civil rights, Great Society, United States, Reforms in Education, Great Society, United States, Reforms in public sphere, Great Society, United States, Reforms in Social sphere, Great Society, United States, Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure, Search for peace settlement in the Vietnam war, Social issues of American society, 1960s, The Great Society, American politics, The Great Society, American politics, Lyndon B. Johnson, The role of the USSR in the Vietnam War, United States (1950 -- 1978), US Armed forces, 1960s, US soldiers in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975, Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973, War between North Vietnam and South Vietnam

Languages: English

Abstract

This collection comprises publications in the form of articles and speeches by American politicians and journalists of the 1960s

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collections consists of four publications in the form of political and societal discourse reflected the issues of American and international politics in the 1960s

Collection Historical Note

The issues of the Vietnam War and global security are discussed in the public discourse.

RG-64.01, Look Magazine Articles 28 November 1967

RG-64.01.01, “The Case Against an Antiballistic Missile System” by Dr. Jerome Wiesner: Special assistant to the President for Science and technology during the years 1961-64

Summary: The article essentially discusses President Johnson’s decision to build a defense against the nuclear weapons of the Soviet Union and China.

RG-64.01.02, “A Draftee is Sent to Fight” Produced by Christopher S. Wren and Photographed by Thomas R. Koeniges

Summary: It is testimony from soldiers in Vietnam who were drafted about their experiences there, the type of combat, and what they think they are fighting for.

RG-64.01.03, “What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam” by Robert F. Kennedy

Summary: It is Senator Bobby Kennedy’s arguments towards ending the American commitment in Vietnam.

RG-64.02, Saturday Evening Post Article 22 October 1966 Issue No. 22

RG-64.02.01, “Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power” by Rowland Evans and Robert Novak

Summary: The article is written after LBJ was actually voted to be president for another four years after taking the office after JFK’s assassination. It gives an overview of his previous policies and speculates as to what he will do in his next term. There are positive statements as well as criticisms.

Biographical Note

American politicians and journalists of the 1960s

Subject/Index Terms

American humanitarian responsibilities
American national interests
American politics, 1960s
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Decision to apply military forces in Vietnam, Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965
Disasters of the Vietnam War
Division in the American society over the Vietnam War
Documents in English language
Global security, 1960s
Implementation of military decision, negative results
Implementation of military decisions
International Affairs, 1960s
Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
Military support of North Vietnam by the USSR and China
Missile systems, defensive
Missile systems, offensive
Narratives in English language
Negotiations in the Vietnam War
Peace efforts in the Vietnam war
Presidential campaign of 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson
Presidential campaigns, intrigues and hypocrisies, United States
Presidential campaigns, United States
Reform in medical sphere, Great Society, United States
Reforms in civil rights, Great Society, United States
Reforms in Education, Great Society, United States
Reforms in public sphere, Great Society, United States
Reforms in Social sphere, Great Society, United States
Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure
Search for peace settlement in the Vietnam war
Social issues of American society, 1960s
The Great Society, American politics
The Great Society, American politics, Lyndon B. Johnson
The role of the USSR in the Vietnam War
United States (1950 -- 1978)
US Armed forces, 1960s
US soldiers in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
War between North Vietnam and South Vietnam


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Document/Artifact of Item-Level:

[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 01: RG-64.01, The Case Against an Anti-Ballistic Missile System, article from Look Magazine, November 28, 1967, 28 November, 1967],
[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 02: RG-64.02, A Draftee is Sent to Fight, article from Look Magazine, November 28, 1967, 28 November, 1967],
[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 03: RG-64.03. What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam, article from Look Magazine, part 1, 28 November 1967, 28 November, 1967],
[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 04: RG-64.03, What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam, article from Look Magazine, part 2, 28 November 1967, 28 November, 1967],
[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 05: RG-64.04, Saurday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power. Part 1, October 22, 1966, 22 October, 1966],
[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 06: RG-64.04, Saturday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power, part 2, October 22, 1966, 22 October, 1966],
[Document/Artifact of Item-Level 07: RG-64.04, Saturday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power, part 3, October 22, 1966, 22 October, 1966],
[All]

Document/Artifact of Item-Level 01: RG-64.01, The Case Against an Anti-Ballistic Missile System, article from Look Magazine, November 28, 1967, 28 November, 1967Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is a scholarly article written by Dr. Jerome B. Wiesner; Wiesner was titled Science Advisor to the President for Presidents' Eisenhower, Johnson, and Kennedy.  Wiesner's article, "The Case Against an Antiballistic Missile System", criticizes the construction of antiballistic defense systems in the United States during the Cold War era.

Wiesner introduces that since the Chinese tested a hydrogen bomb and  negotiations faltering between the USSR and USA to limit missile defenses, an American panic has come over the White House to construct an antiballistic missile system.  Dr. Wiesner criticizes President Lyndon B. Johnson's decision to build an ABM defense system that would cost "between $3 to $6 billion, that would provide a reasonably effective defense..." in the short term, only 10-15 years.  Dr. Wiesner also criticizes the "disastrous" handling of the Vietnam conflict in 1961. 

On antiballistic systems, Dr. Wiesner is against because he believes there is safety on offense; "offense has all of the advantages; any defense system can be overpowered."  Wiesner biggest criticism is the exponential cost of ABM systems and short-term effectiveness.  In conclusion, Dr. Wiesner calls for peace, "the best defens is to prevent nuclear war."

Look Magazine, 28 November, 1967.

Subject/Index Terms:
China, post-WWII
The USSR (1945 -- 1991)
Cold War
Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Missile systems, defensive
Missile systems, offensive
antiballistic missile systems, Cold War era
Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, 1945-1976
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1961-1968
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
United States (1960--2000)
New York (New York, United States)
Communist ideology
Communism
Japan, post-WWII
India, post-WWII
Dr. Jerome B. Wiesner, Science Advisory Committee to the President,
Look Magazine, American magazine, 1967
Moscow (the USSR)
Diplomatic relations between the USSR and the United States, Cold War era
Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nuclear warfare, Cold War era
Creators:
Editorial board and contributors, Look Magazine, American (1967)
Dr. Jerome B. Wiesner, Science Advisory Committee to the President (1967)
Look Magazine, American publication (1967)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 02: RG-64.02, A Draftee is Sent to Fight, article from Look Magazine, November 28, 1967, 28 November, 1967Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is an article written in Look Magazine, an American publication.  Written/Produced by Christopher S. Wren, the article titled, "Vietnam: A Draftee is Sent to Fight," depicts in photographs and written narrative the American draftee's experience fighting in Vietnam.

The article highlights a newly drafted infantryman from California named Steve Stone, as the narrative discusses the rising amount of American casualties in Vietnam, leading to the United States' leaning evermore on Conscription.  In a seemingly antiwar light, the article continues to discuss the war as a "volunteer war [where] seventy percent of the U.S. Army has less than two years' service." 

Photographs that are included show infantrymen and their interaction with the landscape of Vietnam.

Look Magazine, 28 November, 1967.

Subject/Index Terms:
Look Magazine, American magazine, 1967
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
US Army draft
California (USA)
United States (1945--Present)
Armed forces, American
warfare in the light of American media, Vietnam War
American antiwar sentiment, Vietnam War
casualties in war
periodicals, American
News magazines, American
Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
Steve Stone, American infantryman, Vietnam War
wartime photographs
Photographs, Vietnam War
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1961-1968
US soldiers in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Creators:
Editorial board and contributors, Look Magazine, American (1967)
Look Magazine, American publication (1967)
Christopher S. Wren, Producer for Look Magazine, American publication (1967)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 03: RG-64.03. What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam, article from Look Magazine, part 1, 28 November 1967, 28 November, 1967Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is an article published by the editorial board and contributors of Look Magazine, an American publication.  Specifically, the article is an excerpt taken from liberal U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy's book entitled, "To Seek a Newer World."

RFK calls for negotiations as the only possible way out of the agony of Vietnam.... "successive governments of South Vietnam have failed..Instead of a government responsive to the needs and aspirations of the people, there is corruption and cronyism."

Kennedy focuses on the irony of President Johnson's offer to negotiate despite bombing Hanoi.  Also, with an increasing VietCong strength, Kennedy believes that President Johnson will counter with sending more American troops. Kennedy follows with noting that America's allies are not supportive of the Vietnam conflict, continue to trade with the belligerent Vietnam and China, and on the American home front, "the war has divided Americans in ways whose effects we may feel for years to come."

Look Magazine, 28 November, 1967, part 1.

Subject/Index Terms:
American antiwar sentiment, Vietnam War
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
warfare in the light of American media, Vietnam War
Disasters of the Vietnam War
Division in the American society over the Vietnam War
Negotiations in the Vietnam War
Search for peace settlement in the Vietnam war
Look Magazine, American magazine, 1967
Armed forces, American
casualties in war
periodicals, American
News magazines, American
US soldiers in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Communism
Domino Theory
China, post-WWII
Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, 1945-1976
The USSR (1945--1991)
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader, (1890-1969)
Viet Cong, Vietnamese Revolutionary Forces
France (Europe)
First Indochina War, between France and Communist Indochinese Forces
Algeria (Africa: Country)
Saigon, capital of South Vietnam
U.S. Senate
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States
Burma (British Colony: Asia)
Cuba (1902 -- 1959)
Fidel Castro, Cuban Revolutionary leader
San Francisco (California, USA)
Hanoi, capital of North Vietnam
Nuclear warfare, Cold War era
Cold War
Diplomatic relations between the USSR and the United States, Cold War era
Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure
Moscow (the USSR)
Nikita Khruschev, Soviet Russian Premier, (1894-1971)
Creators:
Editorial board and contributors, Look Magazine, American (1967)
Look Magazine, American publication (1967)
U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1965-1968)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 04: RG-64.03, What We Can Do to End the Agony of Vietnam, article from Look Magazine, part 2, 28 November 1967, 28 November, 1967Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is an article published by the editorial board and contributors of Look Magazine, an American publication.  Specifically, the article is an excerpt taken from liberal U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy's book entitled, "To Seek a Newer World."

Robert F. Kennedy criticizes the lack of peace negotiations between the Johnson Administration and the North Vietnamese.  Kennedy stresses the North Vietnamese willingness to allow for peace negotiations as long as the Americans stopped bombing Hanoi, but the Americans did not cease bombing the North Vietnamese capital.

In short, Kennedy calls for the halt of bombing North Vietnam, negotiating peace between North and South Vietnam, and gradual extraction of foreign troops from Vietnam.

Look Magazine, 28 November, 1967, part 2.

Subject/Index Terms:
Organization of The United Nations
Nikita Khruschev, Soviet Russian Premier, (1894-1971)
Moscow (the USSR)
Diplomatic relations between the USSR and the United States, Cold War era
Cold War
Nuclear warfare, Cold War era
Hanoi, capital of North Vietnam
First Indochina War, between France and Communist Indochinese Forces
Mao Zedong, Chairman of the Communist Party of China, 1945-1976
Communism
US soldiers in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
News magazines, American
periodicals, American
casualties in war
Armed forces, American
Look Magazine, American magazine, 1967
Search for peace settlement in the Vietnam war
Negotiations in the Vietnam War
Division in the American society over the Vietnam War
Disasters of the Vietnam War
Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
American antiwar sentiment, Vietnam War
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader, (1890-1969)
Viet Cong, Vietnamese Revolutionary Forces
France (Europe)
NLF, National Liberation Front (Vietnam)
Algeria (Africa: Country)
Saigon, capital of South Vietnam
warfare in the light of American media, Vietnam War
U.S. Senate
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States
Domino Theory
Burma (British Colony: Asia)
China, post-WWII
Cuba (1902 -- 1959)
Fidel Castro, Cuban Revolutionary leader
The USSR (1945 -- 1991)
San Francisco (California, USA)
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1961-1968
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Creators:
Editorial board and contributors, Look Magazine, American (1967)
Look Magazine, American publication (1967)
U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1965-1968)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 05: RG-64.04, Saurday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power. Part 1, October 22, 1966, 22 October, 1966Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is an article written by Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, writers for an American magazine, Saturday Evening Post.

The article entitled, "Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power," discusses Lyndon B. Johnson's 1964 Presidential campaign and tactics that allowed LBJ to win a landslide victory against Republican Senator Barry Goldwater.

Specifically, the article discusses the feud between Democratic representatives Robert F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson, and Johnson's eventual exclusion of Robert F. Kennedy from the Vice Presidency.

The article also discusses the hypocricy between Lyndon B. Johnson's ideas of opening a two-front war; a war against poverty in America through ideas of "Great Society," and a war against Communism in Vietnam and the continued strategic bombing of North Vietnam and LBJ's extension of the war in Vietnam.

Saturday Evening Post, 22 October, 1966. Pt. 1

Subject/Index Terms:
Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
The Great Society, American politics
The Great Society, American politics, Lyndon B. Johnson
Reforms in Social sphere, Great Society, United States
Reforms in public sphere, Great Society, United States
Reforms in civil rights, Great Society, United States
Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure
John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States
Truman, Harry S.
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
Poverty in the United States, 1960s
anti-poverty program, 1960s
American antiwar sentiment, Vietnam War
Division in the American society over the Vietnam War
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, 1882 -- 1945
The Saturday Evening Post, American magazine
American politics, 1960s
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Decision to apply military forces in Vietnam, Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965
Presidential campaign of 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson
Presidential campaigns, intrigues and hypocrisies, United States
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1961-1968
Communism
News magazines, American
Presidential campaigns, United States
Creators:
The Saturday Evening Post, American magazine
Editorial Board and contributors for the Saturday Evening Post (1966)
Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, writers for the Saturday Evening Post (1966)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 06: RG-64.04, Saturday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power, part 2, October 22, 1966, 22 October, 1966Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is an article written by Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, writers for an American magazine, Saturday Evening Post.

The article entitled, "Lyndon B. Johnson: The Exercise of Power," discusses Lyndon B. Johnson's 1964 Presidential campaign and tactics that allowed LBJ to win a landslide victory against Republican Senator Barry Goldwater.

The article explains that during the 1964 Presidential campaign, the Johnson camp initiated in "black politics" or "black propaganda," which smeared or overexaggerated the campaign of Repbulican Senatory Barry Goldwater, Johnson's political rival.

The Johnson camp played on Goldwater's seemingly warmongering focus in Vietnam over social progression in the United States.  Johnson's campaign focused on the social progression, or 'War on Poverty, in the United States, to please American voters.  However, once Johnson was elected, he strayed from the 'War on Poverty' to extend the war in Vietnam. 

The article reveals that Johnson's weak point was 'Foreign Policy', in which he relied heavily on advisors.  This led to the nervous handling of the situation in the Dominican Republic, and in Vietnam.

Saturday Evening Post, 22 October, 1966. Pt. 2

Subject/Index Terms:
Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
Truman, Harry S.
The Great Society, American politics, Lyndon B. Johnson
Reforms in public sphere, Great Society, United States
Reforms in Social sphere, Great Society, United States
Poverty in the United States, 1960s
Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure
anti-poverty program, 1960s
War propaganda, American
American antiwar sentiment, Vietnam War
Division in the American society over the Vietnam War
The Saturday Evening Post, American magazine
American politics, 1960s
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1961-1968
Presidential campaigns, intrigues and hypocrisies, United States
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Decision to apply military forces in Vietnam, Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965
Presidential campaign of 1964, Lyndon B. Johnson
Communism
warfare in the light of American media, Vietnam War
News magazines, American
Presidential campaigns, United States
Creators:
Editorial Board and contributors for the Saturday Evening Post (1966)
Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, writers for the Saturday Evening Post (1966)
The Saturday Evening Post, American magazine
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 07: RG-64.04, Saturday Evening Post article about Lyndon B. Johnson, entitled The Exercise of Power, part 3, October 22, 1966, 22 October, 1966Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document is an article written by Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, writers for Saturday Evening Post, an American magazine.

The article discusses the hypocrisy of Lyndon B. Johnson's presidential campaign (War on Poverty), and the way he utilized Presidential powers in switching from the War on Poverty to an extended War on Communism in Vietnam.

Aggressive shows of military force by the North Vietnamese led to Johnson's swift retaliation of military firepower in an operation called "Rolling Thunder," which extended the war in Vietnam and made the conflict "personal."

The reaction to extending the war in Vietnam through Operation Rolling Thunder was met with much criticism in Congress as well as in American universities, where "teach-ins" protested Vietnam and called for "unconditional negotiations" with North Vietnam.

Writers of the article conclude with an understanding of President Johnson's utilization of political power and flexibility of ideology.  These powers have done good in the public sphere (Civil Rights Act, censuring Joe McCarthy, etc.), but the writers emphasize that Johnson's decision to extend war in Vietnam will remain an impactful smear on his presidency.

Saturday Evening Post, 22 October, 1966

Subject/Index Terms:
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, 1961-1968
Robert F. Kennedy, US Senator and official, public and political figure
Truman, Harry S.
Lyndon B. Johnson, the 36th President of the United States
The Great Society, American politics, Lyndon B. Johnson
Saigon, capital of South Vietnam
Viet Cong, Vietnamese Revolutionary Forces
Vietnam War, 1962 -- 1973
Vietnam (1954 -- 1975)
American antiwar sentiment, Vietnam War
Combat operations in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Decision to apply military forces in Vietnam, Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965
Disasters of the Vietnam War
Division in the American society over the Vietnam War
Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader, (1890-1969)
warfare in the light of American media, Vietnam War
US soldiers in Vietnam, 1962 -- 1975
Search for peace settlement in the Vietnam war
NLF, National Liberation Front (Vietnam)
Reforms in civil rights, Great Society, United States
Reforms in public sphere, Great Society, United States
Reforms in Social sphere, Great Society, United States
United States Navy
US Air Force
China, post-WWII
Communism
Cold War
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, 1882 -- 1945
Creators:
Editorial Board and contributors for the Saturday Evening Post (1966)
Rowland Evans and Robert Novak, writers for the Saturday Evening Post (1966)
The Saturday Evening Post, American magazine


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