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Personal Memoirs, Testimonies and Diaries

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

RG-01.01, Irena Lusky Collection

RG-01.02, Nika Fleissig papers

RG-01.03, Collection of Dachau diaries and letters

RG-01.04, Anna Przeworska-Pratt papers

RG-01.05, Siegfried Halbreich papers

RG-01.06, Barry Ziff papers

RG-01.07, Erica Leon Testimony

RG-01.08, Anna Lipszyc papers

RG-01.09, Betti Gerard papers

RG-01.10, Marta Mitdank testimony

RG-01.11, Dawid Gertler papers

RG-01.12, Ludwik Hirshfeld memoir

RG-01.13, Josef Broide papers

RG-01.14, Henryk Gliksman papers

RG-01.15, Alice Schragai memoir

RG-01.16, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany papers

RG-01.17, Otto Herskovic memoir

RG-01.18, John van Huzun wartime diary the Netherlands

RG-01.19, Rysia Edelman, Wartime Memoir, Poland

RG-01.20, Ernest (Jacob) Lorant memoir, Hungary



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Personal Memoirs, Testimonies and Diaries, 1918 -- 1996 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Personal Memoirs, Testimonies and Diaries, 1918 -- 1996Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1920s -- 1950s

ID: RG-01/RG-01

Primary Creator: Lusky, Irena (ca. 1925-)

Other Creators: Broide, Josef, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany (1945 -- 1952), Epstein, Estera, Fleissig, Nika (1919-), Gerard, Betti (1934-), Gertler, Dawid, Gliksman, Henryk, Halbreich, Siegfried (1909-), Herskovic, Otto, Hirszfeld, Ludwik (1884-1954), Jonski, Jozef (1912-), Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany, Leon, Erica, Lipszyc, Anna (1918-), Mitdank, Marta, Schragai, Alice, van Huzun, John, Ziff, Barry

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement:

The arrangement scheme for the record group was imposed during processing in the absence of an original order. Materials are arranged by creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor.

Record group is comprised of thirteen collections and five items, the collections of which are: 1. Nika Fleissig papers; 2. Collection of Dachau diaries and letters; 3. Anna Przeworska-Pratt papers; 4. Siegfried Halbreich papers; 5. Barry Ziff papers; 8. Anna Lipszyc papers; 9. Betty Gerard papers; 10. Dawid Gertler papers; 11. Josef Brojde papers; 12. Henryk Gliksman papers; 13. Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany papers.

Subjects: Accusation and suspicion of collaboration in the Holocaust, Allied Military and Civil administration in Germany, Collaboration in ghettos, collaboration in the Holocaust, Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust, Immigration to Israel, Immigration to United States, Jewish-Gentile relations, Jewish courts of honor, Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany), Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor, Means of adaptation and survival in concentration camps, Means of adaptation and survival in the ghettos, personal diaries, postwar life in Europe, survival tactics

Forms of Material: Diaries--Wartime, Memoirs, Memoirs--Post-WWII, Personal memoirs and recollections, Personal testimonies

Languages: English, German, Polish, Yiddish

Abstract

This Record Group is composed of 18 sub-record groups, all devoted to personal and collective memoirs and testimonies, recorded soon after the Second World War. There a few narratives narrated during the wartime.

They reflect various aspects of prewar life, survival under Nazi occupation: ghetto and camp experience, hiding, false identity, resistance activity, liberation, and immigration to the countries of current residence. There are several diaries kept in the camp, ghetto, and in the partisan unit. The original records are in English, German, Polish, and Yiddish. Largely, the documents are partially or fully translated in English. Sub-groups or individual collections within this record group comprise original documents, photographs, artifacts, as well as non-original copies and secondary publications.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The record group contains memoirs, testimonies, and other recollections written before, during, and after the war. They reflect various aspects of prewar life, survival under Nazi occupation--ghetto and camp experience, hiding, false identity, resistance activity--liberation, and immigration. There are several diaries kept in the camp, ghetto, and in the partisan unit. The collections also comprise of original documents, photographs, artifacts, digitized materials, as well as non-original copies and secondary source publications.

Largely, the documents are partially or fully translated in English, but there are also original documents in German, Polish, and Yiddish.

Collection Historical Note

This macro Record Group comprises archival narratives, photodocuments, correspondences and other form of wartime recollections. It is subdivided into 18 sub-record groups. Largely, it is unified by the common theme, that is, reflections on the Holocaust. These narrated reflections vary content and form. Overall, they describe, personal, family and community experience during and after the Holocaust. These narratives are penned by Jewish, non-Jewish authors, as well as by the Jewish organizations and officials. All 18 sub-record groups are unified by a common denominator, namely the analysis and insight of the personally experienced tragedy of the Holocaust, War and postwar difficulties.

Biographical Note

Irena Lusky, née Deuel, was born ca. 1925 in Kaunas (Kovno), Lithuania in an upper middle-class, well educated, and assimilated Jewish family. She describes her childhood experiences in the well-off family focusing on the interfamily relations between herself, her parents, her grandparents, and her sister. Further, Irena Lusky’s narrative depicts a certain strata of Jewish intelligentsia of interwar Lithuania.

The period of 1940-1941, during the Soviet annexation of Lithuania, is reflected through the prism of a young adult’s comprehension of social and political changes taking place in mundane life, as well as of the events jeopardizing the very existence of their family. The latter is related to their arrest and initial stage of deportation, and their release from the transport to Siberia at the last moment. The Deuel family was freed due to the influential intervention of Dr. Finkelstein, an old family friend, who was in high esteem by the new Communist government of Lithuania.

The Deuel family was exposed to the war hardships from the first day, June 22, 1941, when Germany invaded the Soviet Union. After a failed flight attempt, they returned to German-occupied Vilnius (Vilna). While en route to Vilnius, they were arrested several times. Although, at that initial stage of German occupation, it was still possible for them to be released from jail either with the help of bribery or simply appealing to “a good German.”

Irena Lusky describes the life in the Vilna ghetto from two perspectives: first and foremost as a young adult experiencing all ghetto hardships and second, to a lesser extent, as a memoir writer of late 1970s. This latter perspective shows the post-Holocaust interpretations together with the author’s personal reckoning. Overall, this combination of two uncorrelated perspectives culminates in the authentic and independent account with regard to the various sides of ghetto life. Ghetto inhabitants, Judenrat members, resistance activities, German authorities, and numerous existential situations are reflected in the narrative. The reader will find among other such reflections, the author’s insights on Jewish leadership as a whole and specifically on such controversial figure as Jacob Gens, the head of the Judenrat and the Jewish Police Force in the ghetto.  The Wittenberg Affair is also accounted as the author’s first-hand experience.

Irena was also only indirectly involved in the FPO (Fareinikte Partizaner Organizatsie—United Partisan Organization) and therefore did not join its members in escaping from the ghetto into the forest to continue the partisan struggle. The FPO decided to leave the ghetto before it was liquidated. The Deuel family survived the liquidation of the ghetto only to face German selection. In September 1943, the remaining ghetto inhabitants were taken outside the city into an open field called Rossa for the selection. The first stage of selection separated male and female family members. Irena would never see again her Father, Dr. Finkelstein, and her boyfriend Gamek Sturman. The next stage of selection resulted in the separation of Irena and Tamara from their mother. The Germans directed the daughters to the right, while their mother was sent to the left.  The sisters sensed that “right” meant life and some hope, while the people sent on the left were doomed. Irena remembers how her mother was calmed and pleased by seeing the daughters on the life side. Irena and Tamar Deuel were deported to the Kaiserwald concentration camp near Riga, Latvia.

After a ten-week imprisonment in Kaiserwald, Irena and Tamara were transferred to the AEG factory in Riga, a labor camp officially referred as Riga-Strasdenhof camp, where they lived at worked. The conditions there were slightly better than in the Kaiserwald camp. In 1944, with the Soviet Army nearing Riga, the Germans evacuated AEG labor camp to Toruń (Thorn), Poland. Here, another underground factory was to be set up in the former castle, designated as “Fort 13.” Irena Deuel (Lusky) remained in Thorn-AEG, the official camp name, through December 1944. At the end of December 1944, the female prisoners of the Thorn-AEG camp were forced to march west, in the direction of Germany. Being badly wearied and ultimately starved, the prisoners were compelled to keep pace under German command.

Irena Deuel managed to escape from the forced march when the column was passing the city of Bydgoszcz (Bromberg), Poland. She ran up to a house and begged for shelter. Only after the long persuasion, a Polish woman let Irena in. After a week of hiding, in January 1945, the entering Soviet Army liberated Irena and the other girls at their hideout. Wandering through the streets of Bydgoszcz, Irena met her sister Tamara and other girls from the camp. Soon after their group left Bydgoszcz for central Poland and headed for Lublin, then a Polish provisional capital. In Lublin Irena learned that her Mother, Father, and Gamek had not survived. Her father was killed in the Klooga concentration camp, Estonia. Her mother was gassed in Majdanek concentration camp, and Gamek died of typhus.

It was in Lublin that Irena, Tamara, and a few other Jewish girls joined the Bricha Movement (an organized Jewish illegal immigration movement from East-Central Europe through the allied-occupied zones to the British-Mandate Palestine). Eventually Irena met the former Vilna Jewish partisan commander Abba Kovner, who was in charge of Bricha operations in East-Central Europe. This meeting played a decisive role in her future when she made a commitment to Palestine, her eventual Jewish home. In total, Irena’s journey to Palestine lasted from March 1945 to January 1946. After a year and a half of wandering through Romania, Hungary, Austria, and Italy, their group finally arrived in the British-mandated Palestine in January 1946. She, as thousands of others at that time, was an illegal Jewish immigrant brought there by the means of another clandestine Jewish movement-- Aliyah Bet, under the patronization of the Jewish Brigade. Upon their arrival to Haifa, the British authorities interned all the repatriates from their ship in the Atlit internment camp.

Eventually the Jewish Agency provided the internees with appropriate papers, and the British set them free. Her first encounter with fellow Jews in a kibbutz was a disappointment to Irena’s expectations and visions for a free and peaceful life in her Jewish state. Irena highly resented the indifference the locals showed to the newcomers in particular, and to the fate of European Jewry during the Holocaust in general.

It was not until Irena Deuel met Maikel Levin in the summer of 1946 that she began to feel differently about herself and the people around her.  Confidence, sympathy, and hope had again filled her life. Having met Maikel at the party, she moved to the Beit Zera kibbutz, on the bank of the Jordan River, near the Sea of Galilee, to be with him. Maikel was a real pioneer and a patriot of the Land. His love helped Irena to appreciate the land and people of Israel. She soon married Maikel and for a while, the couple continued to live at the kibbutz. Irena did not fit into kibbutz work and although she tried her best, kibbutzniks were not satisfied with her. Eventually, it was Maikel’s decision to leave the kibbutz and settle down in a town.

They settled in Givatayim and with the help of a friend Maikel found a job and an apartment. Although they lacked money and situation of the country worsened with every day, they were happy. Adding to this happiness, she became pregnant and looked with hope to the future. On 14 May 1948, independence and establishment of the Jewish State in Eretz-Israel was proclaimed. The war for independence had begun. As a Haganah soldier, Maikel was called up for service. He had to arrive to the Recruitment Center on 18 May 1948. He left home in the morning heading first for work and then, after the workday, to the Recruitment Center. The war between the Israelis and Arabs had already begun, with Jerusalem under siege and local skirmishes beginning to erupt in many places. On that day, 18 May 1948, an explosion at the Central Bus Station, perpetrated by the terrorists, killed Maikel Levin. Irena remained unaware of his fate until the next morning. She was then eight-month pregnant.

In a month Irena gave birth to a girl, but was going through an extremely hard time and suffered mentally and physically. As she recalls, “I was hardly alive, little I comprehended what was going around me.” She could not even take care of her daughter Michal. Eventually time cured her wounds; she remarried to Shimon Lusky, and gave birth to another child, a son. In the 1970s, she was still living in Israel, her past never having left her. She took up this writing with the intention to separate herself from this burden and to place her personal vision, recollections, and reflections in a literary, truthful, and intimate account of her and her time.

Subject/Index Terms

Accusation and suspicion of collaboration in the Holocaust
Allied Military and Civil administration in Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Immigration to Israel
Immigration to United States
Jewish-Gentile relations
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor
Means of adaptation and survival in concentration camps
Means of adaptation and survival in the ghettos
personal diaries
postwar life in Europe
survival tactics

Administrative Information

Repository: Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Access Restrictions: No restrictions

Use Restrictions:

Copyrighted materials, credits to and references to the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust are required

Digital copies might be available upon request

Preferred Citation: RG-01, Personal Memoirs, Testimonies and Diaries. Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust Archive.

Processing Information: Materials are primarily described using the local descriptive standards of the LA Museum of the Holocaust.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-01.01, Irena Lusky Collection, 1976 -- 1977],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-01.02, Nika Fleissig papers, ca. 1920-1989],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-01.03, Collection of Dachau diaries and letters, 1933-1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-01.04, Anna Przeworska-Pratt papers, 1939 -1973],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-01.05, Siegfried Halbreich papers, 1939 -- 1970s],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-01.06, Barry Ziff papers, 1944-1945],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-01.07, Erica Leon Testimony],
[Sub-Collection 8: RG-01.08, Anna Lipszyc papers, 1939 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 9: RG-01.09, Betti Gerard papers, 1936-1949],
[Sub-Collection 10: RG-01.10, Marta Mitdank testimony, 15 October 1946],
[Sub-Collection 11: RG-01.11, Dawid Gertler papers, 1948-1949],
[Sub-Collection 12: RG-01.12, Ludwik Hirshfeld memoir, 1946],
[Sub-Collection 13: RG-01.13, Josef Broide papers, 1979],
[Sub-Collection 14: RG-01.14, Henryk Gliksman papers, 1948-1949],
[Sub-Collection 15: RG-01.15, Alice Schragai memoir, 21 January 1982],
[Sub-Collection 16: RG-01.16, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany papers, 1946-1949],
[Sub-Collection 17: RG-01.17, Otto Herskovic memoir, 1946],
[Sub-Collection 18: RG-01.18, John van Huzun wartime diary the Netherlands, 1944-1945],
[Sub-Collection 19: RG-01.19, Rysia Edelman, Wartime Memoir, Poland],
[Sub-Collection 20: RG-01.20, Ernest (Jacob) Lorant memoir, Hungary, 1944-1946],
[All]

Sub-Collection 1: RG-01.01, Irena Lusky Collection, 1976 -- 1977Add to your cart.

This collection consists primarily of Irena Lusky's personal memoir. Irena Lusky wrote the testimony in 1976-1977, in Israel. As Irena Lusky writes in the introduction, she began writing her testimony to tell her children about her life.

The narrative’s chronology lies between the early 1930s and the late 1940s. The geo-political aspect of this narrative comprises the following themes: Interwar Lithuania, Soviet-annexed Lithuania, German-occupied-Lithuania, German-occupied Poland, countries of Eastern and Western Europe, and ultimately Palestine and the State of Israel. The author personally experienced the following places of incarceration: Vilnius (Vilna) Ghetto, Lithuania; Kaiserwald Concentration Camp in Riga, Latvia; Riga-Strasdenhof Labor Camp (AEG Factory) in Riga, Latvia; Thorn-AEG Labor Camp, Fort 13 near Kaunas, Poland, and the Atlit Internment Camp in Palestine.

The author reflects on a number of institutions and organizations with which she was engaged or interacted. In this respect, the memoirs shed light on the FPO (Fareinikte Partizaner Organizatsie—United Partisan Organization), the Bricha Movement (organized Jewish illegal immigration from East-Central Europe to the British-Mandate Palestine), Aliyah Bet (clandestinely carried immigration of Jews to Palestine between 1920 and 1948), and Haganah (Jewish paramilitary organization in 1920-1948, a precursor to Israeli Defense Army).

Extent: The collection consists of a single typewritten manuscript, 172 pages long. Pages 163-171 are missing.
Language of Materials: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Giv'atayim (Israel)
Toruń (Poland)
Jewish Brigade
Second World War
Bet Zera' (Israel)
Atlit (Internment camp)
Memoirs
AEG
Lusky, Shimon
Lusky, Irena
Levin, Maikel
Sturman, Gamek
Kovner, Abba
Gens, Jacob
Finkelstein, Dr.
Wittenberg Affair
Vilna ghetto
Soviet annexation of Lithuania
Israel
Germany
Estonia
Bydgoszcz (Poland)
Haganah
Nazi concentration camps in the Baltic
FPO (Fareinikte Partizaner Organizatsie-United Partisan Organization)
Aliyah Bet
Bricha Movement
Jewish history
Siberia (Russia)
Rossa (Estonia)
Riga (Latvia)
Poland
Palestine
Lublin (Poland)
Lithuania
Latvia
Nazi concentration camps in Poland
Fort 13--Kaunas (Lithuania)
Riga-Strasdenhof (Labor camp)
Soviet Union
Kaiserwald (Concentration camp)
Klooga (Concentration camp)
Majdanek (Concentration camp)
Deuel, Tamara
Deuel family
Kaunas (Lithuania)
Vilnius (Lithuania)
Creators:
Lusky, Irena (ca. 1925-)
Sub-Collection 2: RG-01.02, Nika Fleissig papers, ca. 1920-1989Add to your cart.
This collection comprises the personal testimonies, correspondence, photographs, certified documents, and artifacts related to the prewar, wartime,  and postwar experience of Nika Fleissig. Included are materials related to her participation in the Warsaw Polish Uprising; her marriage to Alfred Fleissig; and correspondence related to postwar topics, such as reparations, family issues, the physical and mental burdens of war.
Arrangement: This collection is comprised of 57 sub-collections/items.
Language of Materials: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Wieliczka (Poland)
White Plains (N.Y.)
Poland
Maczek, General Stanislaw
Frauenglass, Dr. Marian
Pozniak, Mrs.
Israel
Germany
Cracow (Poland)
Holocaust museums
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Second World War
Warsaw Polish Uprising
United States
Strafflager VI-C--Oberlangen (Concentration camp)
Oberlangen (Germany)
Immigration to Israel
False identity
Dziennik Zolnierza (Soldier Daily)
Zylinska, Maria
Department for the Righteous of Yad Vashem
Consulate General of Israel
Nazi concentration camps in Germany
Fleissig, Alfred
Penal camps
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Kohn, Bronislawa
Nika Fleissig--photographs--Germany
Immigration to United States
Jewish history
Fleissig, Nika
American Embassy, Warsaw
Kraków (Poland)
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Folder 1: RG-01.02.01, Testimonies of Nika Fleissig, 1945 -- 1980sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

Nika Fleissig (Bronislawa Kohn) was born in 1919, in Craców. She went by the diminutive name, Bronika, in her circle of family and friends.

Mrs. Fleissig begins her testimony with a description of her failed attempt to leave Poland for the USA either before or soon after the German invasion. Before the war, the family resided in Craców. In 1940, Fleissig’s family was evicted from their apartment and transferred to a nearby town, Wieliczka. They stayed in this town through the autumn of 1942, when the deportation began.

During the deportation, the Jews were rounded up in front of the Town Hall. They were waiting for a train for many hours, not knowing its destination. However, when people were ordered on to the train, a Polish policeman pulled Bronika aside and placed her in the truck cabin, next to a Polish driver. The truck drove off, and Bronika soon found herself at the outskirts of Craców.

In Craców she was aided by the family’s acquaintance, Mrs. Pozniak. Since 1942 and through the whole war, Bronislawa lived under a false identity as a Christian girl. Her knowledge of foreign languages helped her immensely. As “Maria Zylinska” she took part in the Warsaw Polish Uprising of August-September 1944. After the Uprising was defeated in October 1944, Bronislawa (Maria Zylinksa) received the same fate as thousands of Polish women; she was sent to German camps. As an interned Polish resistance fighter, she was given a prisoner-of-war status. Bronislawa was deported to the penal prisoner-of-war camp in Oberlangen, located in northwest Germany on the Holland border

Although it was a Penal camp, Strafflager VI C in Oberlangen, Bronislawa worked as an interpreter in the camp’s office. On April 12, 1945 the camp was liberated by Polish soldiers of General Stanislaw Maczek’s 1st Armored Division, which was part of the Second Canadian Corps.

In January 1946, she entered the United States under her real name, Bronislawa Kohn. However, the immigration authorities soon altered her name to Nika, from her nickname Bronika. Her friends and family helped her become acculturated to her new country. Five weeks after her arrival she married Alfred Fleissig, who lost his family in the Holocaust.

Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.02. 01.01, Nika  Fleissig, testimony, 17 August 1989, 17 August 1989Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a three page testimony written by Nika Fleissig in reagrds to her arrival to the United States and her marriage. The document is written in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal testimonies
Personal memoirs and recollections
Fleissig, Nika
American Embassy, Warsaw
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Zofja Pozniak, aid giver, Polish
Hiding
Aid and rescue during the war
Immigration to United States
Immigration to Israel
Warsaw Polish Uprising
Cracow (Poland)
Strafflager VI-C--Oberlangen (Concentration camp)
Zylinska, Maria
False identity
Wieliczka (Poland)
Kohn, Bronislawa
Fleissig, Alfred
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.02.01.02, Nika Fleissig, narrative, 22 September 1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a short narrative written by Nika Fleissig about her life during the war. The narrative is written in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal testimonies
Fleissig, Nika
Cracow (Poland)
Poland (Europe)
False identity
Fleissig, Alfred
Immigration to Israel
Immigration to United States
Warsaw Polish Uprising
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.02.01.03, Nika Fleissig, personal documents, 25 October 1963Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This document contains personal documents belonging to Nika Fleissig.

The documents include letters in regards to war reparations, details of a photograph collection belonging to Alicia Magall, a letter to Yad Vashem about Zofja Pozniak, a letter from the doctor in regards to Fleissig seeking therapy, personal letters, a Polish passport, and a Red Cross Certificate. The documents are written in Polish, English, German and French.

Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
official correspondence
Passports, Polish
Red Cross papers
False identity
Nika Fleissig--photographs--Germany
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
American Embassy, Warsaw
Cracow (Poland)
Fleissig, Alfred
Fleissig, Nika
Immigration to Israel
Immigration to United States
Poland (Europe)
Wieliczka (Poland)
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.02.01.04, Letter from Nika Fleissig in White Plains, NY, to the German place for reparations payments, 25 October 1963Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from Nika Fleissig to the German place for reparations. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
official correspondence
Fleissig, Nika
German reparations
reparations
Immigration to the United States, postwar
Immigration to United States
postwar correspondence
White Plains (New York, United States)
United States (1945--Present)
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.02.01.05, Index of the “Alicia Magall Collection – Photographs”, ca 1900s -- 1979, ca 1900s -- 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains an index of the "Alicia Magall Collection -- Photographs". The collections contains twenty-three photographs of the Fleissig family. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Nika Fleissig--photographs--Germany
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
Personal memoirs and recollections
Cracow (Poland)
Poland (Europe)
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.02.01.06,  Letter from the American Embassy in Warsaw to Nika Fleissig, 21 July 1982Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from the American Embassy in Warsaw in regards to the birth certificate of Nika Fleissig. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
official correspondence
American Embassy, Warsaw
Identification documents
Warsaw (Poland)
United States (1945--Present)
American Consulate
reparations
English, language
Correspondence in English language
Documents in English language
Wellfleet (Massachusetts, United States)
Creators:
American Embassy, Warsaw (1982)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.02.01.07, Duplicate of Polish birth certificate, issued to Bronislawa Felicja Kohn, 1982, 1982Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains the birth certificate of Bronislawa Felicia Kohn (Nika Fleissig) issued by the Registry Office in Rzesow. The document is in Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Birth certificates
Kohn, Bronislawa
Rzeszow (Poland)
Identification documents
Poland (1945--1991)
Documents in Polish language
Poland (1918--1939)
Duplicates for birth certificates
Offices of civil status in Poland, postwar
Requests for duplicate birth certificate from country of origin
Creators:
Urzad Stanu Cywilnego W Rzeszowie (Registry Office in Rzeszow) (1982)
Offices of Civil Status in Poland, postwar (1945--present)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.02.01.08, Copy of letter from Nika Fleissig to Yad Vashem, 11 April 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a typed letter from Nika Fleissig to Yad Vashem in regards to Zofja Pozniak, Fleissig's childhood piano teacher, and the acknowledgement of her courageous acts during the war.
Subject/Index Terms:
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Department for the Righteous of Yad Vashem
Zofja Pozniak, aid giver, Polish
official correspondence
Kohn, Bronislawa
Poland (1939 --1945)
Wieliczka (Poland)
Cracow (Poland)
Krakow, Poland
Hiding
Nazi extermination of Polish intelligentsia, 1939--1945
Jagiellon University (Poland, 1939--1945)
Professor Pozniak, Jagiellon University, 1939
Lwow (Poland)
Lviv (Ukraine)
Karol Wojtyla, Pope John Paul II
Warsaw Polish Uprising
Altengrabow (Germany: prisoner of war camp)
Strafflager VI-C--Oberlangen (Concentration camp)
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-01.02.01.09, Letter from Nika Fleissig in Wellfleet, Mass., to the Consulate General of Israel in Boston, 9 July 1979Add to your cart.
The document contains a letter from Nika Fleissig to the Consulate General of Israel in regards to Zofja Pozniak, her rescuer during the war. The document states that a legalized testimony in regards to Pozniak was included with the letter. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Consulate General of Israel
Department for the Righteous of Yad Vashem
Aid and rescue during the war
Fleissig, Nika
Zofja Pozniak, aid giver, Polish
Hiding
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-01.02.01.10,  Letter from Yad Vashem to Nika Fleissig, 26 June 1979Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from Yad Vashem, Department for the Righteous, to Nika Fleissig in regards to her request on behalf of Zofja Pozniak and her courageous acts. The letter requests Fleissig to notorize her testimony in order to continue with the proceedings of acknowledging Mrs. Pozniak's wartime activities.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Zofja Pozniak, aid giver, Polish
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Department for the Righteous of Yad Vashem
Hiding
official correspondence
Aid and rescue during the war
Boston (Massachusetts, United States)
Consulate General of Israel
Wellfleet (Massachusetts, United States)
Jerusalem (Israel)
Creators:
Yad Vashem, Department for the Righteous (1979)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-01.02.01.11, Nika Fleissig, letter in Polish, 22 September 1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains Nika Fleissig's personal narrative written in Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Cracow (Poland)
Hiding
Aid and rescue during the war
Warsaw Polish Uprising
Strafflager VI-C--Oberlangen (Concentration camp)
False identity
Zylinska, Maria
Kohn, Bronislawa
American Embassy, Warsaw
Immigration to United States
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-01.02.01.12, Letter to Irgun Yotze Cracov B’Israel in Tel Aviv, October 1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from Irgun Yotze Cracov B'Israel in Telaviv in regards to the establishment of a museum in memory to the Jewish inhabitants of Cracow (Poland) during the war. The letter is requesting its American contacts to donate artifcats and/or funds in support of the museum. The letter is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Tel Aviv (Israel)
Cracow (Poland)
Jewish life
Jewish life in Cracow (Poland), pre-war
Fleissig, Nika
Documents in English language
Creators:
Irgun Yotze Cracov B'Israel (1978)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-01.02.01.13, Letter to Sosin and Marysia, translated, 16 October 1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document is a translated letter written by Nika Fleissig to Sosin and Marysiu. The letter speaks of the selection of the new Pope, John Paul II, about Fleissig's daughter, Alicia, and her family moving to Los Angeles for a few years, and of a vacation trip to Mazatlan, Mexico. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Fleissig, Nika
Cracow (Poland)
Karol Wojtyla, Pope John Paul II
Los Angeles (California, United States)
Mazatlan (Mexico)
Switzerland
Yugoslavia
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-01.02.01.14, Letter to Sosin and Marysia, in Polish, October 16, 1978, 16 October 1978Add to your cart.
The document is a letter written by Nika Fleissig to Sosin and Marysiu. The letter speaks of the selection of the new Pope, John Paul II, about Fleissig's daughter, Alicia, and her family moving to Los Angeles for a few years, and of a vacation trip to Mazatlan, Mexico. The document is in Polish. A translated copy of the letter can be found in RG-01.02.01.13.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Fleissig, Nika
Cracow (Poland)
Karol Wojtyla, Pope John Paul II
Los Angeles (California, United States)
Mazatlan (Mexico)
Switzerland
Yugoslavia
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG-01.02.01.15, Letter from German lawyers and notaries to Alfred Fleissig in White Plains, NY, 28 May 1965Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from Dr. Rossmeissl -- K. Weidmann lawyers and notary publics which informed Alfred Fleissig that it was impossible at the moment to file a claim for his wife, Nika Fleissig, for reparations. The document is in German
Subject/Index Terms:
official correspondence
German reparations
Fleissig, Alfred
Fleissig, Nika
Restitution-related documents
Holocaust related claims
Germany (1949--1990)
United States (1945--Present)
Lawyers and notary publics
Documents in English language
Documents in German language
Creators:
Andrea, E., Dr. Rossmeissl -- K. Weidmann Lawyers and notary publics (1965)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG-01.02.01.16, Letter from German lawyers and notaries to Alfred Fleissig, regarding reparations, 1965Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a translated letter from Dr. Rossmeissl -- K. Weidmann lawyers and notary publics which informed Alfred Fleissig that it was impossible at the moment to file a claim for his wife, Nika Fleissig, for reparations. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
official correspondence
Fleissig, Alfred
German reparations
Fleissig, Nika
Restitution-related documents
Holocaust related claims
Germany (1949--1990)
United States (1945--Present)
Lawyers and notary publics
Documents in English language
Documents in German language
Creators:
Andrea, E., Dr. Rossmeissl -- K. Weidmann Lawyers and notary publics (1965)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: RG-01.02.01.17, German and English letter from Alfred Fleissig to the lawyers in Germany, 17 September 1965Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a German and English-translated letter from Alfred Fleissig to Dr. Rossmeissl -- K. Weidmann Lawyers and notary publics expressing thanks for an update in regards to the reparation-closing statutes.
Subject/Index Terms:
official correspondence
Fleissig, Alfred
German reparations
Fleissig, Nika
Holocaust related claims
Restitution-related documents
Germany (1949--1990)
United States (1945--Present)
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: RG-01.02.01.18, German letter from Alfred Fleissig to the lawyers in Wiesbaden, Germany, 19 May 1965Add to your cart.
The document contains a letter from Alfred Fleissig to Dr. Rossmeissl -- K. Weidmann Lawyers and notary publics regarding reparation payments for his wife, Nika Fleissig.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Alfred
Fleissig, Nika
German reparations
official correspondence
Germany (1945--1990)
Documents in German language
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: RG-01.02.01.19, Letter for Nika Fleissig, from Nathaniel H. Schwartz, MD, 21 April 1952Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from Nathaniel H. Schwartz, M.D. sent to Nika Fleissig regarding her health. The letter stated that Fleissig did not have any physical illness, that her symptoms originated from her emotional sphere, and that she should seek therapy. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
official correspondence
Fleissig, Nika
Holocaust related claims
United States (1945--Present)
White Plains (New York, United States)
Emotional distress
Documents in English language
Creators:
Schwartz, Nathaniel H., M.D. (1952)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: RG-01.02.01.20, Confirmation of Max Steig that he knew Nika Fleissig as Bronia Felicja Kohn in Krakow before the war, 12 October 1963Add to your cart.
The document is an affidavit from Max Steig confirming he knew Nika Fleissig as Bronia Felicja Kohn in Krakow (Poland). The affidavit gives important personal information of Fleissig and her family before the war. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Kohn, Bronislawa
Affidavit from Max Steig
Kohn, Benjamin
Kohn, Amalia (nee Biermann)
Szewska Street (Krakow, Poland)
Lawyers and notary publics
Creators:
Steig, Max (1963)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: RG-01.02.01.21, Confirmation of Piroska Sternbach that she knew Nika Fleissig as Bronia Felicja Kohn in 1941 and 1942, October 1963Add to your cart.
The document contains an affidavit from Piroska Sternbach confirming she knew Bronia Felicja Kohn (Nika Fleissig) in 1941 and 1942 as well as her family. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Kohn, Bronislawa
Affidavit from Piroska Sternbach
United States (1945--Present)
Cracow (Poland)
Wieliczka (Poland)
Kohn, Benjamin
Kohn, Amalia (nee Biermann)
Kohn, Berthold
Documents in English language
Creators:
Sternbach, Piroska (1963)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: RG-01.02.01.22, Letter sent from Paris, written in Polish, 24 February 1964Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter about the doctor’s certificate Nika Fleissig needs to claim reparations. They also write about travels and family issues.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Fleissig, Alfred
Personal correspondence
German reparations
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: RG-01.02.01.23, Letter from the US War Shipping Admin to US Conulate General in Antwerp, 31 December 1945Add to your cart.
The document contains a letter from Nika Fleissig asking an attorney for help her receive reparation payments. She briefly describes her life during the war. The document is in German. For an English description see RG-01.02.31
Subject/Index Terms:
German reparations
official correspondence
Personal correspondence
Fleissig, Nika
Immigration to the United States, postwar
Kohn, Bronislawa
American Consulate
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 24: RG-01.02.01.24, Two pages of Polish newspaper articles, Dziennik Zolnierza (Soldier's Journal), 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains two pages of the Dziennik Zolnierza (Soldier's Journal). The Dziennik Zolnierza (Soldier's Journal) was a newspaper of the First Polish Armored Division led by General Maczek. It was included in the Second Canadian Corps. The newspaper features the article about the liberation of Polish female prisoners of war, the former fighters in the Warsaw Polish Uprising.
Subject/Index Terms:
Warsaw Polish Uprising
Female prisoners of war, Polish
Dziennik Zolnierza (Soldier's Journal), newspaper, Polish
Maczek, General Stanislaw
First Polish Armored Division
Documents in Polish language
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Truman, Harry S.
Creators:
Dziennik Zolnierza (Soldier's Journal) (1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 25: RG-01.02.01.25, Letter from the American Consulate General in Antwerp, Belgium, to Felicia Kohn, 26 December 1945Add to your cart.
The document contains a letter from the American Consulate General in Antwerp (Belgium) to Felicia Kohn. Nika Fleissig was given a non-preference number, which enabled her to go to the US. The Consulate General recommended that Fleissig contacted them immediately, in order to process her U.S. visa.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Kohn, Bronislawa
Consulate General of the United States of America
official correspondence
Antwerp (Belgium)
Identification documents
Creators:
American Consulate General, Antwerp (Belgium) (1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 26: RG-01.02.01.26, French certificate for Bronislawa Felicia Kohn, Polish Consulate in Brussels, 26 September 1945Add to your cart.
The document contains a French certificate which certified that Bronislawa Felicia Kohn presented herself at the consulate and took Geroges Dineur as a witness. The document also stated that the certificate was requested by Kohn to present to the Consulate of the United States in order to begin the process for an entry visa.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Kohn, Bronislawa
Identification documents
False identity
Creators:
Polish Consulate in Brussels (1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 27: RG-01.02.01.27, Copy of an identification card for the HQ of the United States Army, European Theater, November 1945Add to your cart.
The document contains an identification card for the Headquarters of the European Theater of Operations United States Army for Bronislawa Kohn. The card includes a photograph and personal information of Kohn.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Kohn, Bronislawa
Identification documents
United States
Creators:
United States Army
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 28: RG-01.02.01.28, Copy of a Polish passport, issued to Bronislawa Felicja Kohn in Brussels, 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a copy of the Polish passport issued to Bronislawa Kohn from the Polish Consulate in Brussels. The document includes a photograph and personal information of Kohn. The document is in French
Subject/Index Terms:
Passports, Polish
Fleissig, Nika
Kohn, Bronislawa
Identification documents
Creators:
Polish Consulate in Brussels (1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 29: RG-01.02.01.29, Red Cross certificate, copy, 26 May 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a translation of a Red Cross certificate issued to Maria Zylinska. The Red Cross employed Maria Zylinska at a Polish Women’s Camp at Oberlangen as a nurse. Signed by the Chief of nursing staff.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Zylinska, Maria
Kohn, Bronislawa
Red Cross papers
Warsaw (Poland)
Identification documents
False identity
Creators:
Polish Red Cross
Folder 2: RG-01.02.02, Nika Fleissig, Photographs, 1944 --1960sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

These photo-documents reflect Nika Fleissig experience in Germany, where she lived under false indetity in 1944 -1945.

A series of photographs relate to the prewar Poland, namely family life, education and personal relations.

Threr are also photographs depicting her employment with American Military Administration in Germany, in 1945 -- 1946.

The postwar photographs deal with Ms. Fleissig's activities related to commemoration and memorialization of the Holocaust

Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Nika Fleissig--photographs--Germany
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
Fleissig, Alfred
wartime photographs
family photographs
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Israel
Immigration to Israel
Prewar photographs
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Jewish life, pre-war
family histories
Family history documents
family artifacts
Poland (Europe)
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.02.02.01, Nika  Fleissig, photographs in Germany, 1944 --1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains photographs of Nika Fleissig during the war. The photographs are in black and white
Subject/Index Terms:
Nika Fleissig--photographs--Germany
Fleissig, Nika
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.02.02.02, Nika Fleissig, photographs, her husband, ca 1940s -- ca 1960sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains pre-war and post-war photographs of Alfred Fleissig and Nika Fleissig. The photographs are in black and white
Subject/Index Terms:
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Fleissig, Nika
Fleissig, Alfred
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.02.02.03, Nika Fleissig, photographs, Yad Vashem, Israel, ca 1970 -- 1980sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
<span style="line-height: 115%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;"><font color="#000000">Nika Fleissig in Yad Vashem, Israel; Nika Fleissig with a relative.</font></span>
Subject/Index Terms:
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Fleissig, Nika
Yad Vashem, Israeli Holocaust remembrance authority, museum and archive
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.02.02.04, Nika  Fleissig, photographs, prewar and wartime Poland, ca 1930s -- 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains prewar and wartime photographs: Bronika with her father, apparently in Cracow (Poland), ca early 1930s; Graduating class photograph, Cracow (Poland), 1938; Bronislawa Kohn, Cracow (Poland), 1938; Bronislawa Kohn with her friend Toldek in Wieliczka (Poland), 1941. The photographs are in black and white
Subject/Index Terms:
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Fleissig, Nika
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.02.02.05, Nika Fleissig, photographs, in US military uniform, postwar, 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains postwar photographs showing Bronislawa Kohn wearing allied military uniform (apparently of the U.S. Army); six postwar photographs of Bronislawa Kohn after 1946--Nika Fleissig of various dates.
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Nika Fleissig--photographs--postwar
Kohn, Bronislawa
Immigration to United States
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.02.02.06,  Nika Fleissig, photographs, in Wieliczka wih Toldek, prewar Poland, 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a prewar photograph of Bronislawa Kohn with her friend Toldek in Wieliczka (Poland). The photograph is in black and white
Subject/Index Terms:
Fleissig, Nika
Nika Fleissig--photographs--prewar
Creators:
Fleissig, Nika (1919-)
Sub-Collection 3: RG-01.03, Collection of Dachau diaries and letters, 1933-1945Add to your cart.
This collection is comprised of secondary publications and photocopies of reports and personal papers related to the concentration camp, Dachau. Also included in this collection are letters from Jozef Jonski, while in Dachau concentration camp where he was incarcerated, to his aunt in Lodz. Four letters were written in German in compliance with camp regulations, and the last letter was written in Polish after liberation.
Language of Materials: German, Polish, and English
Subject/Index Terms:
Nazi concentration camps in Germany
CIC Detachment
Dachau (Concentration camp)
International Prisoners' Committee
Jewish history
OSS Section (Intelligence Services)
Prisoner diaries
Prisoners in the camps
Prisoner letters
Prisoner testimonies
PWB Section
Second World War
Seventh U.S. Army
Lodz (Poland)
Jonski, Jozef
Political prisoners, Polish
Nowak, Bronislawa
Civilians, Polish
Quinn, Colonel William W.
U.S. Military Personnel
Jonski, Regina
Liberation of concentration camps
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
United States. Army Air Forces. Air Force, 7th. (1945)
Collection of Folder-Level 1: RG-01.03.01, Dachau Diaries and Testimonies, 1940 -- 1945Add to your cart.

These reports were compiled by the following special units of the Seventh US Army in 1945: OSS Section, PWB Section, and CIC Detachment. Initially the reports were published in 1945, and then reprinted in 1970s and 1980s. The Reports comprise a fragment of a personal Diary of E.K., a prisoner of Dachau Concentration Camp and a Testimony of E.H. with regard to her Auschwitz experience. The Reports conclude with the Special Case Reports (the cases of interrogated Nazi officials) and a Miscellaneous Section with statistics on the prisoner population and the list of the members of the International Prisoners’ Committee.

Colonel William W. Quinn of the 7th US Army, a general compiler, wrote in the introduction to these Reports: “The Reports remain substantially as they were submitted in the belief that to consolidate this material in a single literary style would seriously weaken its realism.” These reports together with the included photographs address multifaceted themes in respect to the functions of the camp and the townspeople’s reaction to everything related to its existence.

Subject/Index Terms:
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Prisoner diaries
Prisoner recollecions
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
US Military intelligence
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), United States intelligence agency formed in the Second World War
Creators:
Quinn, William W. (William Wilson) (1907-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.03.01.01, Diary of E.K., 1940 --1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A Diary kept in Dachau concentration camp by a prisoner who signed the narrative E.K. This Diary was dicovere by US military personnel and made published in 1945.
Subject/Index Terms:
Prisoner diaries
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Prisoner recollecions
interrogation technique, Nazi-German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Administration of Nazi German concentration camps
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.03.01.02, Statement of E.H., 1942 -- 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This testimony written under initials E.H. reflects a prisoner experience in Auschwitz and Dachau concentrationcams. The narrator exposes the structure and of the concentration camps, the interrogation technique, relations between the camp administration and prisoners, as well as relations between prisoners
Subject/Index Terms:
Administration of Nazi German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
interrogation technique, Nazi-German concentration camps
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
Prisoner diaries
Prisoner recollecions
Office of Strategic Services (OSS), United States intelligence agency formed in the Second World War
Creators:
Quinn, William W. (William Wilson) (1907-)
Collection of Folder-Level 2: RG-01.03.02, Jozef Jonski Collection, 1944 --1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Józef Jonski, a Polish prisoner, was incarcerated in Dachau Concentration Camp. He was born on July 7, 1912. Józef Jonski was incarcerated in the camp Dachau K3, in the Block 18/I. His personal camp number was 11781. This Collection comprises five letters. Four letters are written on the following dates: 18 June 1944; 16 July 1944; 3 September 1944; 1 October 1944. All are written in German, on the camp’s stationary. They passed camp’s censorship. All letters are addressed to his aunt Bronislawa Nowak. The fifth letter, also addressed to Bronislawa Nowak, is written in Polish. It is dated May 2, 1945, which was the third day after US armed forces liberated the camp.

RG-01.03.02.01: Józef Jonski, first letter from Dachau Concentration Camp to his sister Bronislawa Nowak in Lodz. In German. Dated 18 June 1944.

Translation:

18 June 1944

My dear aunt,

I hoped that you would remember me, and I was very pleased when I learned that you did. I write to tell you that I received your package and I heartily thank you for it. At the same time, I report to you that I do not want anything, and if I could ask something of you, it is only for you to send me a letter from time to time to tell me how things are there. The package honestly made me so happy, as if little morsels that I still miss, were there, and I would be made even happier if I could receive from you [pl.] a letter, my loves. Four years have already gone by and I have forgotten how you [pl.] look and surely all of you at home have already forgotten me. Then from whom should I learn about it?

Regina had always written seldom and not very nicely to the point that the letters were without meaning, and for some time, she has completely stopped writing. If I could ask something of you, dearest aunt, could you go to her and learn why she does not write? Perhaps she does not want to, or she has another. If it is so, write me without nebulousness, because such occurrences do reach here often enough. I would not have been surprised if it were so, and I would just like to know what is happening to the child. The child is mine and one should not try […]

I think about you as well, what is happening to you, and if I will have leniency, I will calm myself.

I also received a letter from Kornelia and it please me that she copied (sic!) and is good with children. Please tell her that I thank her and to please write more clearly.

Greetings and kisses for Irenka and Sosia. Heartfelt thanks for aunt Ellazeseroska [?] with the children and uncle Ess. [?]

Please write me to tell me about what Stefan and Uncle are doing? And how is Irenka feeling? She was always sick…is she healthy now? And lovely aunt, you were also always sick – you must tell me everything. I kiss and hug you tight my dear aunt with your [essans?]. Your always loving Jozef.

RG-01.03.02.02: Józef Jonski, second letter from Dachau Concentration Camp to his aunt  Bronislawa Nowak in Lodz. In German. Dated 16 July 1944.

16 July 1944

Dear Aunt,

I received your letter on the 3rd of July and I thank you greatly for it. This letter has greatly changed my life and has inflicted deep wounds on my heart because what I have assumed , though I was not sure and would never have believed if someone else had written to me. So, my dear Aunt, after all that I has happened to me, she does not want to go on with me and I now have contempt for her. Although I must confess to you, my dear Aunt, that I had loved her so much, that it is difficult to get an idea. She was my first and only and, apart from her, I have never had another woman. It seems that without her, it will be hard for me to carry on with my life. If she were to have died, I would not be able to live without her. But when she leaves in this manner, then I no longer want to hear anything more from her because I have already enough ambition and will to preserve. And now she has no place in my memory. Beloved Aunt, on 5th July I received another package from you that gave me the greatest joy of my life. Never in my life was I so overjoyed as now, when I saw what I would have hoped for. And long, long afterwards I cried, alone. What was that, joy or regret. I thank you my dear aunt for your remembering of me, and for what you have done for me I do not have the words to thank you. And please don’t worry about me and if you have to give up something from yourselves in order to send something to me, I do not want anything besides the letters you send me every two weeks. Nothing more. Understood.

Beloved and dear Irenka! Dear God will reward you for the joy you have brought up in me. You asked me if I would include you in a circle of my good friends, but I have none and you are the first I, with tears, have seen. You have put the radiance back in my life and refreshingly poured your soul into my woe. Greetings! You can write a few words to me because the greatest joy here is when one receives a letter and thus far I have only received two letters. Please tell Regina that I already know everything and she should give you my suit because I do not have one and will need one when I come back. You must remove everything that would remind me of her. Kisses to my beloved Wiesia [name] and tell Wiesia that Daddy will soon be home and will be with her. Kisses and hugs to you all, especially for Trenki [?]. I send greetings to Aunt …. [illegible] with children and for Kornelia. I kiss you with love, your Josef.

RG-01.03.02.03: Józef Jonski, third letter from Dachau Concentration Camp to his sister Bronislawa Nowak in Lodz. In German. Dated 3 September 1944.

3 September 1944

My dear aunt,

I received your letter from 13.8 on 20.8. Throughout the entire time, I thought that you [pl.] did not want to write to me, because it was some time before I received the letter. For the second time, please write to me once every two weeks, regardless of whether I have received the last.

Please don’t assume that I’m angry since I have not written, but I -------, first I must change the address and after I have changed the address I will write the rest. And now, my dear aunt, please don’t worry about how I am doing. I don’t worry myself and about Regina and please don’t remind me of her. She is dead to me and it is a shame that I had not known about her. But it is good the way it is, I do not need a woman. When one is single one feels better and one should do what one wants.

The best thing is to be healthy and, if you could, let me know how you [pl] look and, thanks to God, I feel good and healthy, and I would like to ask the Almighty to keep me in this condition.

For my part, I wish you all the best, health, and strength until the coming reunion.

I received the package but the bread was bad and I had to throw it in the oven. When you send me a package, please do a better job of drying the bread and do not put the fruits in the middle so it does not get moldy.

Dearest Irenka, I’m waiting for the letter you promised. I only want to hear something from you. You write only about me and Regina and that is not good. I have to know something about how you live there and what you do and all that you are involved in. I thank you for a few words. I greet you and kiss you dearly, along with Aunt and Uncle. Josef.

RG-01.03.02.04: Józef Jonski, forth letter from Dachau Concentration Camp to his sister Bronislawa Nowak in Lodz. In German. Dated 1 October 1944.

1 October 1944

My beloved aunt,

I was overjoyed when I received your letter because it is the nicest thing to have something from home here. I thank you for the package; it was very good and not at all spoiled and I thank you greatly for that.

It pleases me that all of you are still healthy, I only want to know about how things with Wiesia are; is she healthy? Does she still think about me? Or do you know what she is concerned about?

I am healthy but I would feel better if I could know something about my little daughter.

Please write to me about all that happens to you. It is already five years since I have seen you all and Wiesia must already be a pretty young girl; Oh! How I would like to see here, but when? And will I see her? Only almighty God knows that. Irenka, I thank you greatly for the pages which made me very happy and I would like you to always write something happy in each letter.

I thank you all for what you have done for me and please always write.

Please send heartfelt greetings to Aunt Marczewska and children, also kisses and greetings to Kornelia and children. Please send greetings to all of my acquaintances as well.

Heartfelt kisses and special hugs to my dear cousin Irenka.

Many kisses and hugs for my dearest child Wiesia. Tell her that her father always thinks about her and when he comes back he will stay with her always..

Yours always loving Josef

RG-01.03.02.05: Józef Jonski, fifth letter written after liberation of Dachau Concentration Camp to his aunt Bronislawa Nowak in Lodz. In Polish. Dated 2 May 1945.

Page 1.

Dachau, 05.02.1945*

Dear Auntie!

    This is the first time I am writing to you in Polish which makes me very happy and I think  it makes you happy too. So far I am healthy despite all predictions (lit.: ”prophecies”— PH) that I was too weak to survive what we went through here, and what we went through here no one who didn’t go through it will believe. We thank God that in the last moment he sent us the saviors, Americans.

If the Americans were one day late none of us would be writing to our families ever again.

The day of our liberation will always remain in my memory (lit.: ”will remain in my memory for ages”— PH), for if one lived through such day, one will never forget it.

We were liberated on Sunday, the 29th of April at 5:25 (please, note that it’s impossible to gather from the original text whether the author meant 5:25 AM or PM—PH).

No one died on that day except for one who was killed by the bullet intended for a German and those who died of hunger. You have to know that 300 to 400 hundred people were dying of hunger here every day. There were thirty two thousands of us in the camp; most of those are walking or lying, unable to get up skeletons. Apart from that, there are about five thousand of those shot by the Germans lying in the crematorium.

Page 2.

The same fate was to meet us but their (“the Germans”—PH) time was through.

I won’t be writing much more, for I am running out of time (meaning unclear — PH).

It’s very chaotic here because of this suddenly reclaimed freedom.

So far we are still in Dachau. Once we get transported somewhere else I will write you about all the stories of this hell on Earth. As for now, I am saying „hello” to everybody, for I don’t know when

I will be back. According to the latest news no sooner than in two, three months.

Please, say “hello” to Wiesia from me; tell her that I kiss her and soon will come back to her.

Hugs and kisses to Irenka, Rozia, you Auntie and Uncle.

Same goes to Kornel and the kids and the Marczewskis.

Once again, be well and I kiss you all.

Yours,

Jozef Jonski

* Please, note that when writing the date the Poles as well as many Europeans give precedence to the day before the month. Therefore the date in Mr. Jonski’s letter (2.05.’45) is not the 5th of February but the 2nd of May.

It should be clear from the letter anyway, since he is writing the letter in the wake of liberation which he states to be the 29th of April.

Subject/Index Terms:
Prisoner letters
prisoner correspondence
correspondence to and from concentration camps
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Liberation of concentration camps
Prisoner family affairs
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.03.02.01, Józef Jonski, first letter from Dachau to his aunt, Bronislawa Nowak, 18 June 1944, 18 June 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains the first letter written by Jozef Jonski from Dachau Concentration Camp to his aunt Bronislawa Nowak in Lodz. The document is in German
Subject/Index Terms:
Jonski, Jozef
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Personal correspondence
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal testimonies
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.03.02.02, Józef Jonski, second letter from Dachau to his aunt, Bronislawa Nowak, 16 July 1944, 16 July 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains the second letter from Jozef Jonski written in Dachau Concentration Camp sent to Bronislawa Nowak. The document is in German
Subject/Index Terms:
Dachau (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Jonski, Jozef
Personal correspondence
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal testimonies
correspondence to and from concentration camps
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.03.02.03, Józef Jonski, third letter from Dachau to his aunt, Bronislawa Nowak, 3 September 1944, 3 September 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a letter from Jozef Jonski in Dachau Concentration Camp to Bronislawa Nowak. The document is in German
Subject/Index Terms:
Dachau (Germany: Concentration Camp)
Personal correspondence
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal testimonies
Jonski, Jozef
correspondence to and from concentration camps
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.03.02.04, Józef Jonski, fourth letter from Dachau to his aunt, Bronislawa Nowak, 1 October 1944, 1 October 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains the fourth letter sent from Jozef Jonski in Dachau Concentration Camp to Bronislawa Nowak. The document is in German
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal testimonies
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Jonski, Jozef
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.03.02.05, Józef Jonski, fifth letter written after liberation of Dachau to his aunt Bronislawa Nowak, 2 May 1945, 2 May 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains the fifth letter sent from Jozef Jonski in Dachau Concentration Camp to Bronislawa Nowak. The letter is written after the Americans liberated the camp. The document is in Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Personal correspondence
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal testimonies
Jonski, Jozef
Creators:
Jonski, Jozef (1912-)
Sub-Collection 4: RG-01.04, Anna Przeworska-Pratt papers, 1939 -1973Add to your cart.

This collection contains the personal testimony, autobiography, letter, speeches, and photographs of Anna Przeworksi-Pratt, born Esther Epstein. The documents contain recollections of life in the ghetto, the prewar and postwar period, the experience under German occupation, and religious observations.

Przeworski-Pratt's testimony is presented in the form of a private letter. Shedoes not address the recipient by name, instead calling him respectfully Pan Mecenas (a title for a jurist/lawyer in Poland). In this testimony/letter, she renders her judgments and characterization to a number of people – some of them Polish public figures, others being infamous German perpetrators, as well as the members of the Judenrät in Czestochowa. Among described personalities, there are also her family members, colleagues, fellow camp prisoners, and her new American acquaintances. Przeworski-Pratt emphasizes her satisfaction with American style of life, although in the passages devoted to the Polish Past and especially in the private segments, addressed to Pan Mecenas, she is nostalgic for prewar Poland.

Arrangement: This collection is comprised of 12 sub-collections/items.
Language of Materials: Polish and English
Subject/Index Terms:
Landsberg am Lech (Germany)
Studies of law--Poland (1918-1939)
Anti-jewish limitations in practicing law--Poland (1930s)
Lawyers, Polish
Personal memoirs and recollections
Life under German occupation--Poland (1939-1945)
Anti-Jewish atrocities--Poland (1939-1945)
Massacres, Jewish--Poland (1939-1945)
Judenraete--Poland (1939-1945)
Jewish councils--Poland (1939-1945)
Jewish councils--chairmen
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish Order Police
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Częstochowa ghetto
SS and administrative personnel, German
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police
Extermination of Jewish intelligentsia--Czestochowa (Poland)
Mass killings--Czestochowa (Poland)
Selections in the ghettos
Means of adaptation and survival in the ghettos
Hassag-Peltzery (Concentration camp)
Forced marches
Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp)
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Burgau (Concentration camp)
Liberation of concentration camps
Allied forces, American
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Legal practices
Jewish collaborators
Legal defense
Germany (1945--1949)
Trials and proceedings over Nazi-German perpetrators
Częstochowa (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Munich (Germany)
Berlin (Germany)
New York (N.Y.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Epstein, Tamara
Kopinski, Leon
Franke (SS Official)
Degenhardt (SS Official)
Epstein, Itsek Mendel
Epstein, Frajdla Hinda
Epstein, Jakob
Epstein, Nathan
Gringauz, Dr. Samuel
Orenstein, Dr. Szloma
Olejski
Blumowicz, Dr.
Friedman, Filip
Przeworski, Andrzej
Creators:
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.04.01, Esther Przeworski Pratt Testimony, letter to a former Polish colleague, Februrary 1965Add to your cart.
This letter addressed to an unnamed Polish prewar mentor of Esther (Anna) Przeworski-Pratt is her life-story testimony. Written in Polish language, it presents a well-narrated autobiographic history of prewar, wartime and postwar landmarking events of Ms. Przeworski-Pratt life. Largher the reader can sense a nostalgic tone of this narrative. The letter is 26 pages long
Subject/Index Terms:
Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Germany invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939
Częstochowa (Poland)
Jewish councils--Poland (1939-1945)
Judenrat, Jewish council in ghettos
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Roundups and Actions in the ghettos
American Military Government, Germany, US zone of occupation
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Collaboration with German administration
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.04.02, Esther Przeworski Pratt Autobiography. In English, two pages., 1950sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A short autobiography written by Anna Przeworsk-Pratt (Estera Epstein). It outlines the major landmarks of her life in Poland and Germany until emigration to the United States.
Subject/Index Terms:
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Concentration camps, German
US Occupation Zone in Germany; Germany
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judiciary stewardship, US Military Government in Germany
Immigration to United States
Ravensbrueck, German concentration camp
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Liberation from German concentration camps
Creators:
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.04.03, Esther Przeworksi Pratt Letter to Diana Spevack, biographical data, 1976Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document includes a letter to Ms. Diana Spevack with biographical data from Esther Przeworski-Pratt. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Częstochowa (Poland)
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Displaced persons camps
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Immigration to United States
Buchenwald, German-Nazi concentration camp
Creators:
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.04.04, Esther Przeworski Pratt Recollection of the Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Celebration in Poland, 1971Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains Esther Przeworski-Pratt's recollection of the Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Celebration in Poland before and during the war. Also a recollection of the Warsaw and Czestochowa experience under the German occupation. The document is in English and in Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Częstochowa (Poland)
Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
Epstein, Estera
Jewish religious holidays
Jewish religious practices and observation of holidays
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.04.05, Esther Przeworski Pratt Recollection of Yom Kippur in 1947, at sanatorium in Bad Kissingen, Germany, 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a brief recollection from Esther Przeworski-Pratt about celebrating Yom Kippur in 1947 at a sanatorium in Bad Kissingen to demonstrate the Jewish spirit. The document is in Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Postwar recollections of the Holocaust
Jewish religious life in postwar Germany
Jewish religious holidays
Jewish religious practices and observation of holidays
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.04.06, Esther Przeworski Pratt Recollection of the deportation, arrival, and life at Ravensbruck, 1973Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a recollection from Esther Przeworski-Pratt about the deportation, arrival, and life at Ravensbruck concentration camp. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Ravensbrück (Concentration camp)
Deportation to concentration camps
Epstein, Estera
Personal memoirs and recollections
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.04.07, Esther Przeworski Pratt testimony of the annihilation of Jewish Intelligentsia in Czestochowa, English, ca 1960sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a testimony of Esther Przeworski-Pratt about the annihilation of the remnants of the Jewish intelligentsia in Czestochowa (Poland). This is an edited version of RG-01.04.08 and the Polish version can be found in RG-01.04.09
Subject/Index Terms:
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Mass killings--Czestochowa (Poland)
Extermination of Jewish intelligentsia--Czestochowa (Poland)
Degenhardt, Head of the German police and security forces
Massacres, Jewish--Poland (1939-1945)
Roundups and Actions in the ghettos
Judenrat, Jewish council in ghettos
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.04.08, Esther Przeworski Pratt Recollection of the annihilation of Jewish Intelligentsia in Czestochowa, English, ca 1960sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a testimony of Esther Przeworski-Pratt about the annihilation of the remnants of the Jewish intelligentsia in Czestochowa (Poland). This is the original English version of the testimony and the Polish version can be found in RG-01.04.09
Subject/Index Terms:
Mass killings--Czestochowa (Poland)
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Extermination of Jewish intelligentsia--Czestochowa (Poland)
Roundups and Actions in the ghettos
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Degenhardt, Head of the German police and security forces
Częstochowa (Poland)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-01.04.09, Esther Przeworski Pratt testimony of the annihilation of Jewish Intelligentsia in Czestochowa, Polish, ca 1960sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a testimony of Esther Przeworski-Pratt about the annihilation of the remnants of the Jewish intelligentsia in Czestochowa (Poland). This is the Polsih version and two English versions can be found in RG-01.04.07 and RG-01.04.08
Subject/Index Terms:
Częstochowa (Poland)
Mass killings--Czestochowa (Poland)
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Extermination of Jewish intelligentsia--Czestochowa (Poland)
Poland (Europe)
Degenhardt, Head of the German police and security forces
Roundups and Actions in the ghettos
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-01.04.10, Esther Przeworski Pratt “My Last Encounter with the Murderer of Jews, Degenhardt”, 1971Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains Esther Przeworski-Pratt' testimony about Degenhardt, the Head of police and security forces in Czestochowa (Poland). Przewoski-Pratt's testimony summarizes the last encounter she had with Degenhardt and highlights his role in the massacre of the Jews in Czestochowa (Poland). The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Mass killings--Czestochowa (Poland)
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Częstochowa (Poland)
Degenhardt, Head of the German police and security forces
Degenhardt (SS Official)
Judischer Ordnungdienst (or Jüdische Ghetto-Polizei, Jewish Ghetto Police)
Roundups and Actions in the ghettos
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Roundups and Deportations of Jews
Parasol, Judischer Ordnungdienst (or Jüdische Ghetto-Polizei, Jewish Ghetto Police)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-01.04.11, Esther Przeworski Pratt speech at the 28th Anniversary of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Beverly Hills, 18 April 1971Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a speech given by Esther Przeworski-Pratt for the 28th Anniversary of Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Przeworski-Pratt reiterates throughout her speech that the Jewish youth must keep alive the facts of the Holocaust and inform the world of the atrocities committed to prevent another genocide. She gives some details and facts about the Holocaust and highlights the valor of the young Jewish people who fought in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Warsaw Ghetto Uprising (Poland)
Holocaust, Jewish (1939 -- 1945), commemoration
Jewish Fighting Organization
Holocaust, Jewish (1939 -- 1945)
Postwar recollections of the Holocaust
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Wiesenthal, Simon
Roundups and Deportations of Jews
Germany invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939
Creators:
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-01.04.12, Esther Przeworski Pratt Speech at the Conference of the Council of Jewish Post-War Organizations, 1970Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a speech given by Esther Przeworski-Pratt at the Conference of the Council of Jewish Post-War Organizations regarding anti-Semitism. Przeworski-Pratt speaks about anti-Semitism in Poland, the events of the Holocaust, and the growing anti-Semitism in the United States. She encourages the audience to combat anti-Semitism and to be informed of the past atrocities committed. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Częstochowa (Poland)
Poland (Europe)
Anti-jewish limitations in practicing law--Poland (1930s)
Anti-Jewish atrocities--Poland (1939-1945)
anti-Jewish measures and legislations
Anti-semitic laws
Antisemitism
Polish National Democrats
Dachau (Concentration camp)
Holocaust, Jewish (1939 -- 1945)
Postwar recollections of the Holocaust
Israel
Jewish property attacks
Massacres, Jewish--Poland (1939-1945)
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-01.04.13, Esther Przeworski Pratt Presentation at the University of Judaism, Los Angeles, October 1961Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a presentation given by Esther Przeworski-Pratt at the University of Judaism, Los Angeles (California). The presentation pertains to the 19th anniversary of the mass killing of the Jewish community in Czestochowa on 22 September 1942. The document is in English
Subject/Index Terms:
Czestochowa (Poland: ghetto)
Mass killings--Czestochowa (Poland)
Częstochowa (Poland)
Commemoration ceremony of the Jewish annihilation in Czestochowa
Degenhardt, Head of the German police and security forces
Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
Germany invasion of Poland, September 1, 1939
Roundups and Deportations of Jews
Deportation to concentration camps
Roundups and Actions in the ghettos
Round-ups and aktion in the ghettos--Poland (1939-1945)
Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-01.04.14, Esther (Anna) Przeworski-Pratt, photographs, ca 1946 -- 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains six photographs of Esther Przeworski-Pratt in Germand and Poland. The photographs are in black and white
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Germany (Europe)
Poland (Europe)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Sub-Collection 5: RG-01.05, Siegfried Halbreich papers, 1939 -- 1970sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
This collection contains Siegfried Halbreich's documents in the form of a report, personal identification papers, proof of incarceration in the Nazi concentration camps, and other correspondences stemming from the war-related matters. This collection is comprised of six documents, some of which are copies of original documents.
Arrangement: This collection is arranged to the item-level.
Language of Materials: German, Polish, English
Subject/Index Terms:
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration and extermination camps
State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau
Auschwitz III (Concentration camp)
Buna/Monowitz (Concentration camp)
Transfer from concentration camps
Transport documents
Transport lists
Prisoner functionaries
Escape from concentration camps
Execution in concentration camps
Means of adaptation and survival in concentration camps
Proof of concentration camp incarceration
Nordhausen (Concentration camp)
Dora-Nordhausen (Concentration camp)
Dora-Mittelbau (Concentration camp)
Identification documents--Post-WWII
Concentration camp hospitals
Detention-rehabilitation prisoners
Organized resistance in concentration camps
Interpersonal relationships in concentration camps
Underground activity in concentration camps
Secrecy within the SS
Hierarchy of the SS
Prisoners of war, British
Union-Werke munitions factory
Prisoner selections
Health and illness in concentration camps
Disease in concentration camps
Liberation of concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Oświęcim (Poland)
Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp)
Sachsenhausen (Concentration camp)
Tarnowskie Góry (Poland)
Hannover (Germany)
Rajsko (Concentration camp)
Rajsko (Poland)
Aurbach, Herschel
Halbreich, Siegfried
Silber, Dr.
Kahn, Rudi
Winter, Dr. Alfred
Taute
Stasiak, Leon
Silman, Leiser
Heymann, Stefan
Budziaszek, Stefan
Rutkowski
Worl, Ludwik
Hess
Markovitsch
Hoffer
Wieczorek, Josef
Kaufmann
Herzog, Gustav
Kozwara, Paul
Neubert, Gerhard
Halbreich, Genia
Grossfeld, Janek
Diament, Leon
Diament, Fredy
Cuenka, Dr.
Orenstein, Dr. Hugo
Adams, Edward, Jr.
Lubitch, Dr.
Sperber, Dr.
Epstein, Dr.
Kovac, Dr.
Unikover, Dr. Franz
Kozdas, Otto
Worgul, Emil
Iwaszko, Tadeusz
Thomas, Robert K.
Creators:
Halbreich, Siegfried (1909-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.05.01, Siegfried Halbreich, Report in the form of testimony, 19 October 1973Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Siegfried Halbreich narrated experience of Nazi-German concentration camps
Subject/Index Terms:
Sachsenhausen (Concentration camp)
Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz III (Concentration camp)
prisoner experience in Nazi-German concentration camps
Prisoner functionaries
hospitals in the concentration camps
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
Lagersaltester, a senior prisoner in charge on internal order among prisoners
Collaboration with German administration
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
survival tactics
Means of adaptation and survival in concentration camps
SS functionaries in Nazi-German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and German administration in concentration camps
escapes from Nazi-German concentration camps
escape attempts from Nazi-German concentration camps
Blockaltester, a prisoner in charge of a barrack in Nazi-German concentration camps
Nordhausen (Concentration camp)
Creators:
Halbreich, Siegfried (1909-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.05.02, State Museum of Auschwitz, letter to Siegfried Halbreich, 19 October 1981Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This letter refers to the German records as the proofs that  Mr. Halbreich was incarcerated in Auschwitz III - Monowitz concentration camp.
Subject/Index Terms:
Proof of concentration camp incarceration
Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes
State Museum of Auschwitz Complex of Concentration and Death Camps
Auschwitz complex of concentration camps, prisoner records
Auschwitz III - Monowitz concentration camp, prisoner records
testimonies from the Nazi-German concentration camps
Lagersaltester, a senior prisoner in charge on internal order among prisoners
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and German administration in concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Scholarly publications about the Holocaust
Scholarly works in the Holocaust Studies
Mar, Bernard, professor, Holocaust Studies
Creators:
State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.05.03, Siegfried Halbreich, proofs of incarceration in Auschwitz, December 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a transport log of prisoners being trasported from Gross Rosen to Auschwitz concentration camp.the document is in German and Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Proof of concentration camp incarceration
Proofs of incarcerations under German-Nazi and Axis regimes
Gross Rosen, German concentration camp
Gross-Rosen (Concentration camp)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Creators:
Administration of concentration camps (1933 -- 1945)
State Museum of Auschwitz-Birkenau
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.05.04, Siegfried Halbreich, Identification papers by US military administration, ca 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains identification papers for Siegfried Halbreich issued by the U.S. military certifying his imprisonment in Nordhausen concentration camp.
Subject/Index Terms:
Proof of concentration camp incarceration
Identification documents--Post-WWII
Nordhausen (Concentration camp)
Creators:
United States Military Government in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.05.05, Siegfried Halbreich, ID card issued by US Military authorities of Wiesbaden Detachment, 25 February 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains an identification card issued to Siegfried Halbreich by the U.S. Military authorities of Wiesbaden Detachment. The I.D. card includes a photograph and a physical description of Halbreich.
Subject/Index Terms:
Identification documents--Post-WWII
United States
Creators:
United States Military Government in Germany
Sub-Collection 6: RG-01.06, Barry Ziff papers, 1944-1945Add to your cart.
This collection contains letters written by United States Army Sergeant Barry Ziff to his parents while he was in Germany. Also incuded are photographs and artifacts related to Ziff's military service.
Extent: This collection consists of three items.
Language of Material: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Jewish history
Labor service in concentration camps
Ohrdruf-Nord (Concentration camp)
Wartime knowledge of the Holocaust in the U.S.
Second World War
Liberation of concentration camps
Reichswehr autobahn (military roads)
End of Second World War
Liquidation of concentration camps
Allied discovery of Nazi war crimes
Gardelegen massacre
Prisoners of war, American
Prisoners of War, Allied powers
Wartime knowledge of the Holocaust in Germany
Fate of the Nazi party
Gardelegen (Germany)
Bad Schwalbach (Germany)
Ziff, Barry
Schneider, Albert
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945, US General, senior military commander
Creators:
Ziff, Barry
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.06.01, Barry Ziff Letter to his parents in the US, 9 April 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
American serviceman, Barry Ziff, writes a letter to his parents from Germany in April 1945. He narrates his reflections and emotions related to what he had been exposed, namely a campsite of a Nazi-German concentration camp. This concentration camp was recently liberated and with the exception of Nazi-German personnel, the other camp realties were still in place.
Subject/Index Terms:
US servicemen, the Second World War, letters home
US Military personnel, correspondence from Germany to the US
liberation of Nazi concentration camps, Europe
Liberation of Nazi-German concentration camps, Germany
Liberated campsites, reflections of the liberators
Prisoners of Nazi-German concentration camps, postliberation conditions
Nazi crimes against humanity, peace, and war crimes
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Creators:
Ziff, Barry
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.06.02, Barry Ziff Testimony, The Nazis' Last Act, ca 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This testimony contains reflections on the crimes committed by the Nazis in their last days. It also analyzes the behavior of the German civil population after liberation, underlining a deception nature to their welcoming of American forces. He also describes the survival tactics of dodging the Nazis. Mr. Ziff points out the potential danger that the former Nazi Party members and SS functionaries may attempt a mass escape or assume false identities.
Subject/Index Terms:
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Liberated campsites, reflections of the liberators
Liberation of Nazi-German concentration camps, Germany
liberation of Nazi concentration camps, Europe
Prisoners of Nazi-German concentration camps, postliberation conditions
US Military personnel, correspondence from Germany to the US
US servicemen, the Second World War, letters home
Civilians, German
Creators:
Ziff, Barry
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.06.03, Barry Ziff, 22 March 1944, London, photograph, 22 March 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph of Barry Ziff in his U.S. military uniform.
Subject/Index Terms:
London (England)
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Creators:
Ziff, Barry
Sub-Collection 7: RG-01.07, Erica Leon TestimonyAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.

This collection consists of a single manuscript, entitled Her Story in History, penned and illustrated by Erica Leon. The narrative depicts Leon's prewar, wartime, and postwar experiences in Hungary.

Leon narrates the hardships endured by the Jewish population of Hungary during wartime. An apogee of these hardships relates to the critical winter of 1944/1945, when the Germans occupied Budapest. Leon gives special attention to the Communist rule in Hungary. The social, cultural, and ethnic aspects of this time-period are intrinsic to the entire narrative. Her personal narrative of the postwar time well corresponds with a broader description of Hungarian mundane life before the Communists took over.

It should be noted that the Erica Leon’s sketches, illustrating the manuscript, are well integrated in the narrative.

Extent: 176 pages
Language of Material: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Hungarian history
Life under Hungarian pro-German regime
Communism in Hungary
Culture of Hungary
Ethnicity
German invasion of Hungary (March 1944)
German occupation of Budapest
Restricted housing for Jews in Budapest (1944-1945)
Horthy, Miklós, 1907-1993
Szalasi, Ferenc, 1897-1946
Kádár, János, 1912-1989
Deportation of Jews from Budapest
Protective papers
Protected houses
Jewish history
Memoirs
Memoirs--Post-WWII
Second World War
Social life in Hungary
Winter (1944-1945)
Hungarian anti-communist uprising (November 1956)
Soviet invasion of Hungary (November 1956)
Refugees, Hungarian
Anti-semitic laws
Antisemitism in Hungary
Hollenbeck home--Los Angeles (Calif.)
Ujpest (Hungary)
Budapest (Hungary)
Highland Park (Calif.)
Leon, Erica
Leon, Henrik
Leon, Bob
Immigration to United States
Creators:
Leon, Erica
Sub-Collection 8: RG-01.08, Anna Lipszyc papers, 1939 -- 1946Add to your cart.
This collection is comprised of documents, photographs, and personal letters written to Anna Lipszyc, nee Fischer, during the wartime. This collection has two principal parts: wartime and postliberation. The wartime portion of the collection contains correspondence to Anna Lipszyc, under the identity of Anna Wójcik, from Jurek (Georg) Gutkind, a Polish policeman, as well as documents related to Anna's false identity. The postliberation portion of the collection relates to Anna's work for the American military administration in Germany.
Arrangement: This collection includes nine sub-collections/items.
Language of Material: Polish, German, English
Subject/Index Terms:
Nazi concentration camps in Germany
False identity
Jewish history
Liberation of concentration camps
Second World War
German labor service
Lublin Castle Prison
U.S. Military Government
Schutzpolizei (Schupo)
Germany
Lublin (Poland)
Poland
Miedzyrzec-Podlaski (Poland)
Wurttemberg-Baden (Germany)
Skierniewice (Poland)
Stuttgart (Germany)
Gutkind, Jurek
Gutkind, Georg
Lipszyc, Anna
Wojcik, Anna
Creators:
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
Collection of Folder-Level 1: RG-01. 08.01, Anna Lipszyc, Documents and Artifacts, 1941 -- 1946Add to your cart.
This folder-lever collection contains official documents issue to Anna Lipszyc in Poland, Nazi Germany and postwar Germany in the US Zone of occupation. Anna Lipszyc volunteered for German Labor Service under a Polish name, she assumed false identity. She reinstated her original identity after US military administration gained control over south-west Germany.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.08.01.01, Temporary identification paper issued to Anna Wójcik by the Magistrate (City Hall) of Skierniewice, ca 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a false identification paper issued to Anna Wojcik. The document is in German and Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
False identity
Identification documents
Lipszyc, Anna
Skierniewice (Poland)
Polish, language
identification photograph
German labor service
documents issued by Polish Authorities, 1939 -- 1945
Creators:
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
German Labor Service (1933 -- 1945)
Magistrate (City Hall) of Skierniewice (1939 -- 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.08.01.02, Photocopy of a Worker’s Card (Arbeitskarte) issued to Anna Lipszyc under her false name, Anna Wójcik, May 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a photocopy of a Worker's Card (Arbeitskarte) issued to Anna Lipszyc under her false name, Anna Wojcik. She is presented as a Polish woman from the Generalgouvernement, employed as a house aid in the Stuttgart area. The document is in German
Subject/Index Terms:
False identity
Identification documents, German issued, 1933 -- 1945
Wojcik, Anna
Lipszyc, Anna
Fingerprint
German, language
Identification documents
Life under false identity
identification photograph
Worker’s Card (Arbeitskarte)
Germany (1939--1945)
Stuttgart (Germany)
Creators:
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
German Labor Service (1933 -- 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.08.01.03, Photocopy of Anna Lipszyc’s provisional foreign refugee pass, ca 1940sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a German passport-like document which was issued in Anna Lipszyc's real name instead of her false name, Anna Wojcik. The date of issuance is not legible. Possibly, her real identity was discovered or she revealed her real name voluntarily.
Subject/Index Terms:
Passports, German
Lipszyc, Anna
Identification documents
Wojcik, Anna
identification photograph
provisional refugee pass
German, language
Germany (1939--1945)
Stuttgart (Germany)
Jewish refugees
Polish refugees
Identification documents, German issued, 1933 -- 1945
Creators:
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
German Labor Service (1933 -- 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.08.01.04, Two photographs of Anna Lipszyc (Anna Wójcik)(left) with another woman, Germany., July 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photographs of Anna Lipszyc (left) with another woman. The first photograph is a close-up of the second photograph.
Subject/Index Terms:
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Lipszyc, Anna
Wojcik, Anna
Photographs
family photographs
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
personal photographs with family and friends
Creators:
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.08.01.05, A group photograph of five women, Anna Lipszyc is first from the right, Germany, July 1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A group photograph of five women, including Anna Lipszyc (right). The photograph is in black and white
Subject/Index Terms:
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Lipszyc, Anna
Photographs
family photographs
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
personal photographs with family and friends
Creators:
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.08.01.06, Certificate issued to Anna Lipszyc by the Office of Military Government (US) in Stuttgart, March 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a certificate issued by the Office of Military Government (US) in Stuttgart to Anna Lipszyc. The document certifies Lipszyc's employment with the US Military government as a special investigator of public health matters.
Subject/Index Terms:
U.S. zone of occupation--Germany
U.S. Military Government
Identification documents--Post-WWII
Lipszyc, Anna
Stuttgart (Germany)
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Public health
Culver, Robert H.
employment record
Creators:
US Military Administration in Germany
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
Culver, Robert H. (1946)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.08.01.07, Employee ID card, issued to Anna Lipszyc by the Office of Military Government (US) in Wurttemberg-Baden, April 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains an employee identification card, issued to Anna Lipszyc by the Office of Military Government (U.S.) in Wurttemberg-Baden. She was employed in the Medical Supply Unit.
Subject/Index Terms:
U.S. zone of occupation--Germany
Lipszyc, Anna
U.S. Military Government
Identification documents--Post-WWII
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Wurttemberg-Baden (Germany)
Stuttgart (Germany)
employment record
Official Document
English, language
Creators:
United States Military Government in Germany
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.08.01.08, Anna Lipszyc’s employee badge issued by US Military Government for Württemberg-Baden, 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains Anna Lipszyc's employee badge issued by the U.S. Military Government in Wurttemberg-Baden. She was certified employee No. 248.
Subject/Index Terms:
Wurttemberg-Baden (Germany)
Identification documents--Post-WWII
U.S. Military Government
U.S. zone of occupation--Germany
Lipszyc, Anna
Proof of employment
English, language
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
United States Military Government in Germany
Lipszyc, Anna (1918-)
Collection of Folder-Level 2: RG-01.08.02, Correspondence with  Jurek (Georg) Gutkind, sent from the Lublin Castle prison and Buchenwald concentration camp, 1943 --1944Add to your cart.
This foler-lever collection contains correspondence sent to Anna Lipszyc (maiden name Anna Fischer) from Jurek (Georg) Gutkind, a Jewish Order Policemen. It is believed thatJurek (Georg) Gutkind provided all the necessary documents enabling her to maintain false identity
Subject/Index Terms:
Judischer Ordnungdienst (or Jüdische Ghetto-Polizei, Jewish Ghetto Police)
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Personal correspondence
Lublin (Poland)
Lublin Castle Prison
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
False identity
Life under false identity
False Accusations
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.08.02.02 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc, in Polish, from Miedzyrec, 29 June 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter sent from Jurek in Miedzyrec to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is written in Polish and is dated 29 June 1943.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Lipszyc, Anna
Miedzyrzec-Podlaski (Poland)
False identity
Correspondence in Polish language
Polish, language
Life under false identity
Lublin (Poland)
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Documents in Polish language
Germany (1939--1945)
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Lublin Castle Prison
Poland (1939-1945)
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Wojcik, Anna
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.08.02.04 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in German sent from Lublin Castle Prison., 15 November 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter sent from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter was sent from Lublin Castle Prison and is dated 15 November 1943.  The letter is written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gutkind, Jurek
False identity
Lublin Castle Prison
Lublin (Poland)
Personal correspondence
Lipszyc, Anna
Correspondence in German language
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
Germany (1939--1945)
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Life under false identity
Miedzyrzec-Podlaski (Poland)
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Wojcik, Anna
Poland (1939-1945)
Documents in German language
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.08.02.05 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in German, Buchenwald Concentration Camp., 12 June 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Jurek at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 12 June 1944 and is written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Lipszyc, Anna
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
correspondence to and from concentration camps
Documents in German language
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Correspondence in German language
False identity
Life under false identity
Lublin Castle Prison
Lublin (Poland)
Poland (1939--1945)
Germany (1939--1945)
Wojcik, Anna
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
German, language
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.08.02.08 Translation letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc from Buchenwald Concentration Camp, 12 June 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A translation of a letter sent from Jurek in the Buchenwald Concentration Camp to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 12 June 1944 and has been translated from German into English.
Subject/Index Terms:
English, language
Lipszyc, Anna
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
False identity
Life under false identity
Lublin Castle Prison
Poland (1939 --1945)
Germany (1939--1945)
Lublin (Poland)
Wojcik, Anna
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
translated correspondence
correspondence to and from concentration camps
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Collection of Folder-Level 3: RG-01.08.02, Letters from Jurek (Georg) Gutkind, sent from the Lublin Castle prisona and Buchenwald concentration camp, translations, 1943 -- 1944Add to your cart.
<span style="font-family: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; font-size: 11px;">This foler-lever collection contains correspondence sent to Anna Lipszyc (maiden name Anna Fischer) from Jurek (Georg) Gutkind, a Jewish Order Policemen. It is believed thatJurek (Georg) Gutkind provided all the necessary documents enabling her to maintain false identity</span>
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Lublin (Poland)
Lublin Castle Prison
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
False Accusations
False identity
Judischer Ordnungdienst (or Jüdische Ghetto-Polizei, Jewish Ghetto Police)
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Jewish Order Service, policemen
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.08.02.01 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in Polish, Miedzyrec-Podlaski, 19 June 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Jurek in Miedzyrzec-Podlaski to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 19 June 1943 and written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
Miedzyrzec-Podlaski (Poland)
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Correspondence in Polish language
False identity
Life under false identity
Wojcik, Anna
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
Documents in Polish language
Germany (1939--1945)
Poland (1939 --1945)
Polish, language
Lublin (Poland)
Lublin Castle Prison
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.08.02.02 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in Polish sent from Miedzyrzec-Podlaski, 29 June 1943Add to your cart.
A letter from Jurek in Miedzyrzec-Podlaski to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 29 June 1943 and written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Poland (1939-1945)
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
Miedzyrzec-Podlaski (Poland)
Aid and rescue during the war
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Correspondence in Polish language
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
Documents in Polish language
False identity
Life under false identity
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Germany (1939--1945)
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Lublin (Poland)
Lublin Castle Prison
Polish, language
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Wojcik, Anna
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.08.02.03 Postcard from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in Polish sent from Miedzyrzec-Podlaski, 17 June 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A postcard from Jurek in Miedzyrzec-Podlaski to Anna Lipszyc.  The postcard is dated 17 June 1943 and written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Lublin (Poland)
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
postcards
Miedzyrzec-Podlaski (Poland)
Wojcik, Anna
prisoner correspondence
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Correspondence in Polish language
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
Documents in Polish language
False identity
Life under false identity
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Germany (1939--1945)
Poland (1939--1945)
Polish, language
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Lublin Castle Prison
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.08.02.04 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in German sent from Lublin Castle Prison, 15 November 1943Add to your cart.
A letter from Jurek at the Lublin Castle Prison to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 15 November 1943 and is written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gutkind, Jurek
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
Lublin Castle Prison
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.08.02.05 Letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc in German sent from Buchenwald Concentration Camp, 12 June 1944Add to your cart.
A letter from Jurek sent from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 12 June 1944 and is written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gutkind, Jurek
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
Buchenwald, German-Nazi concentration camp
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.08.09.01 Translation letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc, 19 June 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 19 June 1943.
Subject/Index Terms:
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
prisoner correspondence
English, language
False identity
Life under false identity
Lublin Castle Prison
Poland (1939--1945)
Germany (1939--1945)
Lublin (Poland)
Wojcik, Anna
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
translated correspondence
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.08.09.03 Translation letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc censored from Lublin Castle Prison, 15 September 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter from Jurek sent from Lublin Castle Prison to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 15 September 1943 and parts of the letter has been censored.
Subject/Index Terms:
translated correspondence
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
Lublin Castle Prison
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
English, language
Life under false identity
False identity
Poland (1939--1945)
Germany (1939--1945)
Wojcik, Anna
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
Lublin (Poland)
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.08.09.04 Translation letter from Jurek to Anna Lipszyc from Buchenwald Concentration Camp, 12 June 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter from Jurek in the Buchenwald Concentration Camp to Anna Lipszyc.  The letter is dated 12 June 1944.
Subject/Index Terms:
Wojcik, Anna
Lipszyc, Anna
Personal correspondence
prisoner correspondence
Buchenwald (Germany: Concentration camp)--Complex of concentration camps
correspondence to and from concentration camps
Lublin Castle Prison
Lublin (Poland)
Poland (1939--1945)
Germany (1939--1945)
Life under false identity
False identity
Aid and rescue during the war
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Correspondence to and from Nazi German prisons
English, language
translated correspondence
Gutkind, Jurek, aid giver, Poland
Jewish Order Police in ghettos
Polish auxiliary police under German administration, 1939 -- 1945
Creators:
Gutkind, Jurek
Sub-Collection 9: RG-01.09, Betti Gerard papers, 1936-1949Add to your cart.
This collection contains Betti Gerard’s journal, written while in Westerbork transit camp where she was incarcerated with her family. Additionally, there is her post-war guest album with entries made in Amsterdam and New York, as well as during her voyage to the United States; photographs of her and her family members; and her video-interview recorded by Second Generation Project in Los Angeles.
Language of Material: Dutch and English
Subject/Index Terms:
Concentration camp narratives
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Childhood in concentration camps
Gerard, Betti
Second World War
Jewish history
Kubaschka, Betti
Kubaschka, David
Kubaschka, Fridle
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.09.01, Betti Gerard, a children book of wishes written by her mates at Westerbork Camp, 1943 -- 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This Document contains a Betti Gerard’s Children’s inscription book compiled in Westerbork transit camp and after the liberation. Her family and she were incarcerated but not deported from Westerbork Transit Camp. Betti’s friends, wrote in a prewar style, entries of personal character as well as greeting on the occasion of Jewish holidays and birthdays.
Subject/Index Terms:
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Narratives in the concentration and transit camps
Children's narrative in concentration and transit camps
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka family
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.09.02, Betti Gerard, a book of wishes compiled during the journey from Amsterdam to New York, postwar, December 1947 -- September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains a book of wishes dedicated to Betty Gerard during her journey from Amsterdam to New York. The document contains writing in Dutch, German and English
Subject/Index Terms:
personal diaries
Personal memoirs and recollections
Immigration to United States
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.09.03, Photograph, Betti Gerard as a young child, ca 1938Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph of Betti Gerard as a young child before the war
Subject/Index Terms:
Photographs, pre-Second World War
Prewar photographs
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka, Betti
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.09.04, Photograph at Westerbork Camp, children and teachers near the school, 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph depicting children and teachers at Westerbork camp
Subject/Index Terms:
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Kubaschka, Betti
Gerard, Betti
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
wartime photographs
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.09.05, Photograph at Westerbork Camp, a group of men, including David Kubaschka in the shoe repair workshop, undated, ca 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph depicting David Kubaschka in a show repair workshop along with a group of men
Subject/Index Terms:
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Kubaschka, David
Photographs
family photographs
Gerard, Betti
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.09.06, Photograph of Betti Gerard, at the Orphanage, Netherlands, ca 1940sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph of Betti Gerard in an orphanage in the Netherlands during the war
Subject/Index Terms:
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
wartime photographs
Kubaschka, Betti
Gerard, Betti
The Netherlands (Europe)
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.09.07, Photograph of Betti Gerard with her mother, ca 1940sAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph depicting Betti Gerard with her mother during the war
Subject/Index Terms:
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
wartime photographs
Kubaschka, Betti
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka, Fridle
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.09.08, Photograph of Betti Gerard, Westerbork camp, the Netherlands, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Photograph of Betti Gerard during the war at Westerbork camp
Subject/Index Terms:
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka, Betti
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Photographs, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
wartime photographs
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-01.09.09, Betti Gerard, Westerbork, ca. May 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of Betti Gerard taken before May 1940.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gerard, Betti
Photographs
family photographs
Prewar photographs
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-01.09.10, David Kubaszka (Betti’s father), camp identification document, 23 December 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The camp identification documents of David Kubaszka, the father of Betti Gerard.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka, David
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Personal documents issued in transit camps
Photographs
Passport photograph
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-01.09.11, David Kubaska (Betti’s father), Polish passport, 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A polish passport issued to David Kubaska, the father of Betti Gerard.  The passport was issued in 1947.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka, David
Passports, Polish
Passport photograph
Family history documents
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-01.09.12, Kubaschka family photographs (Betti Gerard), Dortmund, 1936--1938Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This document includes Kubaschka family photographs.  There is a family portrait as well as two photographs of Betti when she was a young child.  The backs of these photographs are also included.
Subject/Index Terms:
family photographs
Photographs
Gerard, Betti
Kubaschka family
Kubaschka, David
Kubaschka, Fridle
Family history documents
Prewar photographs
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-01.09.13, Betti Gerard wartime family photographs, ca. 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A collection of photographs of Betti Gerard taken during the war.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gerard, Betti
wartime photographs
Photographs
day-to-day life in ghettos
Kubaschka, David
Kubaschka, Fridle
Kubaschka family
Westerbork (Transit camp)
Creators:
Gerard, Betti (1934-)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-01.09.14, Family album for the Kubaschka familyAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
Family album in German for the Kubaschka family in Dortmund. Contains a marriage certificate, and a birth certificate of a child born on 29 March 1934.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG-01.09.15, First Transport to Westerbork of German Jews, Lloyd Hotel, Amsterdam, 1939, 1939Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
First Transport to Westerbork of German Jews, Lloyd Hotel, Amsterdam, 1939.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG-01.09.16, Marriage certificate for David Kubaschka and Blimy Tennenbaum, issued 28 March 1933 in Dortmund, Germany, 1933Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Marriage certificate in German, issued 28 March 1933 in Dortmund, Germany. The traveler David Kubaschka, resident of Dortmund, born in Zielun, Poland, marries the shopkeeper Blimy Tennenbaum, a resident of Dortmund, born in Ujasd, Poland.
Sub-Collection 10: RG-01.10, Marta Mitdank testimony, 15 October 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This collection is comprised of a single narrative testimony of Marta Mitdank, detailing her prewar family experience in Nazi Germany; recollections of wartime persecutions and atrocities in Eastern Europe; and postwar life in the Leipzig and reflections on the Holocaust.

Marta Mitdank's testimony is written is written in the form of three letters to the daughters of her close friends: Vera Nussenbaum, the daughter of Yetta Ribetzky Pietrowsky, and Paula, the daughter of her prewar friends, Otto and Trudy Grünbaum. The conclusive part of the testimony includes a description of individuals written about in the narrative, as well as an outline of the level of family relations between the people presented in the testimony.

Extent: 24 pages
Language of Material: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-semitic laws
Germany
Confiscation of Jewish property without German authorization
Kristallnacht or November Pogrom, 9 -10, November 1938
Confiscation of Jewish property--Germany
Anti-semitic laws--Germany
Sachsenhausen (Concentration camp)
Nazi concentration camps in Germany
Nazi concentration camps in Poland
Life in Soviet occupation zone
Non-Jewish assistance of Jews
Transports
Riga ghetto
Stutthof (Concentration camp)
Second World War
Jewish history
Theresienstadt ghetto
Life of ordinary Germans during the war
Leipzig (Germany)
Riga (Latvia)
Theresienstadt (Czechoslovakia)
Mitdank, Marta
Nussenbaum, Vera
Gruenbaum, Otto
Gruenbaum, Trudy
Schmulewitz, Rose
Schmulewitz, Leo
Schmulewitz, Eva
Koppold, Adolf
Koppold, Clara
Ribetzky Pietrowsky, Yetta
Creators:
Mitdank, Marta
Sub-Collection 11: RG-01.11, Dawid Gertler papers, 1948-1949Add to your cart.

This collection is comprised of documents relating to the pre-trial hearings conducted by the Jewish Court of Honor, established by The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation. These materials include various correspondences between Dawid Gertler and his defense attorney Estera Epstein, as well as other notes made in relation to the proceedings.

These documents stem from the litigation and proceedings concerning the case of Dawid Gertler, one of the former high-ranking Judenrät officials of the Lodz ghetto. The Jewish Court of Honor in Munich tried this case. The documents represent a pre-trial proceeding related to his administrative functions at the Lodz Ghetto Jewish police and collaboration with the German administration. A number of the documents relate to the technicalities of the case, such as Gertler’s willingness to cover the costs of air-flights for the witnesses in his favor and correspondence setting the dates for the hearings.

Language of Material: Yiddish, Polish, German, English
Subject/Index Terms:
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
U.S. zone of occupation
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Second World War
Jewish history
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration with German administration
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Piekacz, Pejsach
Pacanowski, Szaja
Kasz, Guta
Kenigstein, Cesia
Beckman, Gustawa
Goldsztajn, Moische
Kazs, Sarah
Moszenberg, Adler
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Corruption in the ghetto
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
False documents, passports
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Biebow, Hans
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Collaboration in ghettos
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.11.01, Dawid Gertler Papers, Notes in Yiddish  17., September 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Notes about Dawid Gertler in Lodz ghetto in 1940 --1942. The document reflects his collaborating and black market activities
Subject/Index Terms:
Lodz (Poland: Ghetto)
Lodz (Poland)
False identity
False documents, passports
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish collaborators
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.11.02, Dawid Gertler Papers, page 21, 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A piece of paper with a note written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
False documents, passports
Jewish collaborators
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.11.03, Dawid Gertler papers, p. 21, translation, 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A translation of the document RG-01.11.02.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
Gertler, Dawid
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Epstein, Estera
collaboration in the Holocaust
Corruption in the ghetto
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
English, language
documents translated from Polish
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.11.04, David Gertler, Estera Epstein, statement for the Jewish Court of Honor, translation, 21 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from defense attorney Estera Epstein for Dawid Gertler to the Honor Court in Munich.  The letter contains a list of supplements and improvements to the protocal of the publish trial of the defendant Dawid Gertler.  The letter also contains Dawid Gertler's entire testimony about his actions during his time spent in the Lodz Ghetto.  The letter has been translated from Yiddish using Latin script into English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Collaboration with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
collaboration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
documents translated from Yiddish
English, language
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Smuggling in the ghettos
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Poland (1939--1945)
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
collaboration in Warsaw Ghetto, 1939--1945
False identity
False documents, passports
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Radogoszcz Prison, Lodz (Poland)
Deportations from Lodz ghetto
Joint Distribution Committee, Warsaw and Lodz Ghettos
postwar correspondence
legal correspondence
Corruption in the ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.11.05, Dawid Gertler papers, p. 24, translationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent to defense attorney Estera Epstein from her client Dawid Gertler.  The letter has been translated from Polish to English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Collaboration in ghettos
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Personal correspondence
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.11.06, David Gertler, p. 22, translationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of the testimony of defendant Dawid Gertler.  This is a translated letter written by Estera Epstein and sent to the Courts of Honor in Munich, Germany.  The letter has been translated from Yiddish using Latin script into English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Biebow, Hans
Beckman, Gustawa
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration with German administration
collaboration in the Holocaust
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
documents translated from Yiddish
English, language
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Smuggling in the ghettos
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
aid and rescue in Poland, 1939 -- 1945
Poland (1939--1945)
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
collaboration in Warsaw Ghetto, 1939--1945
False identity
False documents, passports
Radogoszcz Prison, Lodz (Poland)
Deportations from Lodz ghetto
Joint Distribution Committee, Warsaw and Lodz Ghettos
postwar correspondence
legal correspondence
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: Dawid Gertler Papers 34, 13 August 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This document contains handwritten notes concerning the defense trial of Dawid Gertler.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
False documents, passports
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
False identity
Poland (1939--1945)
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
German, language
Polish, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: Dawid Gertler papers, p. 34, translation, 13, 27 August 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten note written by Estera Epstein concerning the defense trial of Dawid Gertler.  The document lists witnesses that need to send in their testimonies as well as their addresses.  The document also contains a portion of Dawid Gertler's testimony.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
collaboration in the Holocaust
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Poland (1939--1945)
False documents, passports
documents translated from Polish
documents translated from German
English, language
Warsaw (Poland: ghetto)
False identity
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: Dawid Gertler Papers 24Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten letter from Gertler to his attorney, notifying her that a person will be calling her between four and five.  Gertler asks her to stay home until five-thirty to make sure she receives the call.  The note is undated and written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Polish, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: Dawid Gertler Papers, final defense, 24--27 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten notes for Dawid Gertler's final defense.  The source of the note is unclear, though it was either written by Dawid Gertler or Estera Epstein.  The notes were written in Polish and Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
German, language
Polish, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: Dawid Gertler Papers, Defense notes in Yiddish, 12, 22 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten defense notes for Dawid Gertler's trial.  It is unclear who wrote these notes, but it is likely that they were written by Estera Epstein.  The notes are handwritten in Yiddish using a Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: Dawid Gertler, final defense, translation, 27 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of the final defense of Dawid Gertler.  This document is the translation of RG-01.11.10.  The original note was written in Polish and Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
documents translated from Yiddish
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: Dawid Gertler Papers, defense notes, Yiddish, 18, 28 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten defense notes for the trial of Dawid Gertler.  The notes are written in Yiddish using a Latin script and were most likely written by Estera Epstein.
Subject/Index Terms:
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: Dawid Gertler Papers, Estera Epstein, Yiddish, statement, 21 September 1949Add to your cart.
The official statement made by Dawid Gertler and transcribed by his attorney, Estera Epstein.  In the statement, Gertler gives his version of events before and during his time spent in the Lodz Ghetto.  The statement has been typed by Epstein and is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Beckman, Gustawa
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Goldsztajn, Moische
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Moszenberg, Adler
Pacanowski, Szaja
Piekacz, Pejsach
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: Dawid Gertler papers, pp. 17,18, translation, 27, 28 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A translation of a handwritten testimony taken during the Dawid Gertler trial.  This witness acted as a witness for the defense.  The document was translated from Polish and from Yiddish written in Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Lodz ghetto
Lodz (Poland)
Warsaw ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
False documents, passports
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
documents translated from Yiddish
English, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: Dawid Gertler, Protocol, 27, 28 September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten protocal that applied to the trial of Dawid Gertler.  The protocal was most likely written by his attorney, Estera Epstein and is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Corruption in the ghetto
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Polish, language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: Dawid Gertler, defense, translation, August 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A translation of Estera Epstein's defense notes for the trial of Dawid Gertler.  The document contains names of witnesses they need to contact as well as a portion of Gertler's personal statement.  The note was originally written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
English, language
documents translated from Polish
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: Dawid Gertler Papers, 10,11,14,15,19,20, 23,25,-27, 29,32,33,37-41, the entire document, Yidish, 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This document contains all of the original documents in this collection.  This includes trial notes written by Estera Epstein, witness testimonies submitted for the trial, and Dawid Gertler's original statement.  The documents are all written in Yiddish using a Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Beckman, Gustawa
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Goldsztajn, Moische
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
Jewish history
Kasz, Guta
Kazs, Sarah
Kenigstein, Cesia
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Moszenberg, Adler
Pacanowski, Szaja
Piekacz, Pejsach
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Second World War
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: Dawid Gertler Papers, p.  27, 30, translationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a statement made by Dawid Gertler.  The document briefly describes Gertler's life before he went to the Lodz Ghetto as well as his time spend working for the Sonderabteilung.  The document was originally typed in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Lodz (Poland)
Warsaw (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Collaboration with German administration
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
English, language
documents translated from Yiddish
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: Dawid Gertler, defense notes, Yiddish, 19 August 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten defense notes for the trial of Dawid Gertler.  The notes are written in Yiddish using Latin script and were most likely written by Estera Epstein.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Biebow, Hans
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
collaboration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: Dawid Gertler Papers, Estera Epstein, defense notes, Yiddish,  44, September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Typed defense notes for the Dawid Gertler trial.  These defense notes also include the protocal for the trial.  They were most likely written by Estera Epstein and they were typed in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
collaboration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: Dawid Gertler papers, p. 31, translationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translations of three short notes sent to attorney Estera Epstein from her client Dawid Gertler.  The notes were all handwritten and written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish history
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
Creators:
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: Dawid Gertler Papers p. 39, witnesses, , translation, 5, 7, 9, 10 February 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translations of testimonies submitted after a press note was released concerning the trial of Dawid Gertler.  This document includes testimonies from Dina Sznajderman, Dzialowska Toba, Fabian Bronislawa, Dr. Benjamin Dysenhaus, and Gecel Friedman.  All of testimonies were handwritten in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Testimonies, Dawid Gertler trial
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Lodz ghetto
Lodz (Poland)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Gertler, Dawid
Epstein, Estera
Corruption in the ghetto
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
English, language
documents translated from Polish
Creators:
Dina Sznajderman
Dzialowska Toba
Fabian Bronislawa
Dr. Benjamin Dysenhaus
Gecel Friedman
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 24: Dawid Gertler Papers, a note to Estera Epstein, Yiddish,  31, 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A collection of handwritten and typed notes from Dawid Gertler to his attorney Estera Epstein.  The notes are written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Personal correspondence
Jewish collaborators on trials
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz (Poland)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 25: Dawid Gertler Papers, Notes in Yiddish, recollections, 1-9Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten notes relating to the trial of Dawid Gertler.  These notes were most likely written by his attorny Estera Epstein.  The notes are his recollections of his time spent in the Lodz Ghetto working for Rumkowski and the Sonderarbeiteilung.  The notes were written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
collaboration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 26: Dawid Gertler Papers, Notes in Yiddish, p. 17, 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten notes for the trial of Dawid Gertler.  The notes were most likely written by his attorney Estera Epstein.  The notes were written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Biebow, Hans
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 27: Dawid Gertler Papers, witnesses, Yiddish, p. 42,Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A collection of typed witness testimonies submitted for the trial of Dawid Gertler.  The testimonies come from different parts of the world, including Los Angeles California.  The testimonies have been typed in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Testimonies, Dawid Gertler trial
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
False documents, passports
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 28: Dawid Gertler Papers, witnesses, English and Yiddish, p. 43, September 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This typed document is a collection of witness testimonies in the case of Dawid Gertler.  The first part of the document is written in English and the second part is written in Yiddish using Latin script.  The witnesses include Cesia Kenigstein and Sarah Kazs, who both testified in favor of Dawid Gertler.
Subject/Index Terms:
Testimonies, Dawid Gertler trial
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
False documents, passports
Gertler, Dawid
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
Jewish history
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Kazs, Sarah
Kenigstein, Cesia
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Documents in English language
Documents in Yiddish language
English, language
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 29: RG-01.11.29, Dawid Gertler Papers,  Investigative materials , translationsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A collection of materials relating to the investigation and trial of Dawid Gertler that have been translated.  This document includes testimonies for Gertler, the protocal of the trial, and a press release asking for any information and evidence for or against Gertler to be brought forward.
Subject/Index Terms:
Biebow, Hans
Black market activities in the Holocaust
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Chaim Rumkowski, chairman of the Judenrat in the Lodz ghetto
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Corruption in the ghetto
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Testimonies, Dawid Gertler trial
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish Historical Institute, Warsaw
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Lodz (Poland)
Lodz ghetto
Lodz ghetto, deportations
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Sonderabteilung (Special Department), Lodz ghetto
Sonderabteilung (Special unit of the Jewish police)
Szpera or Allgemeine Gehsperre, a ban on leaving houses and appartments, Lodz ghetto, September 1942
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
documents translated from Yiddish
English, language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gertler, Dawid
Sub-Collection 12: RG-01.12, Ludwik Hirshfeld memoir, 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This collection is comprised of a single monograph, the personal testimony of Ludwik Hirszfeld, entitled Historia Jednego Zycia (The Story of One's Life, in English). The testimony details the life of Hirszfeld in Warsaw during the prewar, wartime, and postwar period. The story is developed in 32 short chapters.
Extent: 367 pages
Language of Material: Polish
Subject/Index Terms:
Warsaw ghetto
Medicine in ghettos
False identity
University of Lublin
Institute for Medical Microbiology
Polish Academy of Sciences
Second World War
Jewish history
Cultural life in ghettos
Non-Jewish assistance of Jews
Personal testimonies
Warsaw (Poland)
Lublin (Poland)
Wroclaw (Poland)
Hirszfeld, Ludwik
Czerniakow, Adam
Korczak, Janusz
Creators:
Hirszfeld, Ludwik (1884-1954)
Sub-Collection 13: RG-01.13, Josef Broide papers, 1979Add to your cart.
This collection contains a single manuscript written by Josef Broide. The manuscript, entitled Bialystok Ghetto 30 Years Ago, is a postwar testimony, in which Broide recollects wartime life in Bialystok ghetto and reflects upon the partisan activity in the Bialystok region.
Extent: 45 pages
Language of Material: Yiddish
Subject/Index Terms:
Białystok ghetto
Bialystok ghetto uprising
Białystok (Poland)
Anti-Fascist Combat Organization
Anti-Fascist Bloc
Polish Home Army
Soviet partisans
Immigration to South America
Second World War
Jewish history
Escape from ghettos
Organized resistance in ghettos
Broide, Josef
Dobbins, Abraham
Creators:
Broide, Josef
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.13.01- Josef Broide narrativeAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A transcript of a narrative by Josef Broide.  The document is typed in Yiddish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Broide, Josef
narratives in Yiddish
Personal memoirs and recollections
Postwar recollections of the Holocaust
family artifacts
Family history documents
Bialystok ghetto
Anti-Fascist Bloc
Anti-Fascist Combat Organization
Bialystok ghetto uprising
Dobbins, Abraham
Escape from ghettos
Immigration to South America
Jewish history
Organized resistance in ghettos
Polish Home Army
Second World War
Soviet partisans
Creators:
Broide, Josef
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.13.02- Josef Broide, envelopeAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The envelope of a document sent to Abraham Dobbins in Los Angeles California from Josef Broide in Venezuela.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Broide, Josef
Dobbins, Abraham
Family history documents
Creators:
Broide, Josef
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.13.03- Letter introducing Mr. Broide manuscript, signed by Abraham DobbinsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter introducing the manuscript by Josef Broide.  The letter has been signed by Abraham Dobbins.
Subject/Index Terms:
Broide, Josef
Postwar recollections of the Holocaust
Bialystok ghetto
Bialystok ghetto uprising
Dobbins, Abraham
Escape from ghettos
Jewish history
Organized resistance in ghettos
Second World War
Soviet partisans
Creators:
Dobbins, Abraham
Broide, Josef
Sub-Collection 14: RG-01.14, Henryk Gliksman papers, 1948-1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This collection contains documents of litigations and proceedings in the case of Henryk Gliksman, accused of collaboration with the German administration in the capacity of the Lageraelteste (the Elder of the prisoners) in the labor camp Glashuette (glassworks) in Raków, Poland. In particular, it was believed that he collaborated with the German commandant of the camp. Testimonies of the witnesses are inconclusive and often contradictive. Some witnesses stated that Gliksman was instrumental in rendering aid and support to the prisoners of this labor camp, while the others regarded his as a collaborator.

The documents included in this collection were produced by the Legal Department of the Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany, located in Zeilscheim near Frankfurt am Main, and by the “Rehabilitacje und Erngericht” organization in Munich in 1948 and 1949. The documents, penned by Henryk Gliksman and Estera Epstein, his defense attorney, illustrate mundane life in Raków labor camp, the role of German and Jewish administrations and relations between the elevated in status Jewish prisoners and the ordinary Jewish prisoner population.

RG-01.14, Henryk Gliksman, Litigations and Proceedings

RG-01.14.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to the “Rehabilitacje und Erngericht München” (Rehabilitation Committee) about the Rakow concentration camp.

Date: undated

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

The transcript is addressed to the “Rehabilitacje und Erngericht” in Munich and titled “Remarks and Supplements to the protocol”.

RG-01.14.02, Henryk Gliksman, Handwritten notes

Date: undated

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin alphabet)

RG-01.14.03, Henryk Gliksman, Protocol

Date: undated

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin alphabet)

RG-01.14.04, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to the “Rehabilitacje Committee” (Rehabilitation Committee)

Date: 17 March 1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

These handwritten documents comprise the indictment against Henryk Gluecksman, born on April 1, 1907, residing on Frankfurter str. No.39 in Bad Nauheim. The following pages contain the reasons for the indictment.

RG-01.14.05, Henryk Gliksman, points of indictment

Date: 6 August 1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

These documents contain points of indictment.

RG-01.14.06, Henryk Gliksman, notes of defense

Date: 14 June 1949, 15-Jun-1949, 16-Jun-1949

Language: Polish

Type of document: Handwritten Defense notes

Written by: probably Henryk Gliksman

Language: Polish

Date: 14 June 1949

RG-01.14.07, Henryk Gliksman, notes of defense

Date: 5 August 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.08, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to the Historical Commission of the Central-Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, with the seat in Munich

Date: 7 May 1948

Language: German and Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

This document also contains a letter from the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Frankfurt am Main.  An excerpt from the report of Regina Goldstein is attached. In this report she mentions her acquaintance with Henryk Gluecksman. (Sic!)

RG-01.14.09, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to the Historical Commission of the Central-Committee of Liberated Jews in Munich, continuation

Date: 7 May 1948

Language: German and Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

RG-01.14.10, Henryk Gliksman, Affidavits

Date: 27 July 1948

Language: German

In the affidavits Szmulewicz Zyskind and Szymon Mlodinow both state their acquaintance with Gluecksman (Sic!). They only recall positive experiences with regard to him. Gluecksmann had been helping the underground movement of the Rakow concentration camp by covering for them and providing them with information. He also managed to improve the working conditions, as well as the food rations by negotiating with the camp commanders and ensuring the correct share of the food ration was distributed to his unit.

RG-01.14.11, Henryk Gliksman, Transcript of Affidavits

Date: 25 April 1949

Language: German

The Jewish Committee in Celle forwards two affidavits of Chaim Goldberg who will testify about his relationship with Henryk Gluecksberg (Sic!).

RG-01.14.12, Henryk Gliksman, List of witnesses’ names, former prisoners  

Date: 6-Apr-1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

Letter written by Gliksman’s attorney Estera Epstein, to the “Rehabilitacje Committee” (Rehabilitation Committee) about witnesses of the defense. They were former prisoners.

RG-01.14.13, Henryk Gliksman, Affidavit of Chaim Szule

Date: 6-Apr-1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

Affidavit of Chaim Szule. He testifies about his acquaintance with the defendant.

RG-01.14.14, Henryk Gliksman, Transcript of the affidavit of Dr. Josef Opatowski

Date: 28-Apr-1949

Language: German

Issued by the Jewish community of Genoa, Dr. Josef Opatowski testifies about his experience with Henryk Gliksman. He states clearly that Gliksman did everything in his power to ensure the wellbeing of the workers; in particular it was true with regard to the patients of Dr. Opatowski. Gliksman would not sent ill workers outside the camp for labor. He kept them within the camp and managed to provide as much medical supplies as possible. Furthermore, he goes into detail about certain charges against Henryk Gliksman and argues against the accusations.

RG-01.14.15, Henryk Gliksman, List of witnesses of the defense, the former prisoners 

Date: 6 April 1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

RG-01.14.16, Henryk Gliksman, handwritten note, an address

Date: undated

Language: N/A

RG-01.14.17, Henryk Gliksman, postal documents

Date: 1 February 1949, 18 March 1949, 20 July 1949

Language: German

Receipts of a sent mail from Munich to Gliksman in Bad Nauheim, Germany.

RG-01.14.18, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Notification to Estera Epstein

Date: 7 June 1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

Notice to Estera Epstein at the “Rehabilitacje und Erngericht München” (Rehabilitation Committee) to notify her of taking up a legal defense of Henryk Gliksman.

RG-01.14.19, Henryk Gliksman, Testimony of Marzej Krauze 

Date: 11 May 1948

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

Marzej Krauze testifies of his acquaintance with Henryk Gliksman. He states that Henryk Gliksman was always helping the Jewish Combat Organization. He also states that Gliksman was once interrogated and heavily beaten by the Gestapo. The document is certified by the Jewish Community of Bad Nauheim.

RG-01.14.20, Henryk Gliksman, Statement of Marzej Krauze

Date: 11 May 1948

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

The original of RG-01.14.19, Henryk Gliksman, copy of statement.

RG-01.14.21, Henryk Gliksman, Witnesses from Rakow concentration camp, in Polish

Date: 18 June 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.22, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Notification to Estera Epstein about taking up legal defense

Date: 17 July 1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

Notice to Estera Epstein at the “Rehabilitacje und Erngericht München” (Rehabilitation Committee) to notify her of taking up a legal defense of Henryk Gliksman.

RG-01.14.22.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Notification to Estera Epstein about taking up legal defense, Translation

RG-01.14.23, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to his defense attorney Estera Epstein. Notification of a visit.

Date: 24 July 1949

Language: Polish

Letter by Henryk Gliksman

RG-01.14.23.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, notification of a visit, Translation

RG-01.14.24, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Gliksman's wife to Estera Epstein, elaborating details, Date: 16 July 1949

Language: Polish

Letter by Henryk Gliksman

RG-01.14.24.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Gliksman's wife to Estera Epstein, elaborating details, Translation

RG-01.14.25, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Henryk Gliksman and his wife

Date: 14 July 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.26, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to attorney Estera Epstein

Date: 14 June 1949

Language: Polish

Letter to Estera Epstajn (Sic!)

RG-01.14.26.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to attorney Estera Epstein, Translation

RG-01.14.27, Henryk Gliksman, postal documents

Date: 13 June 1949

Language: German

Postal Receipt of sending mail from Munich to H.Gliksman in Bad Nauheim, Germany.

RG-01.14.28, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Henryk Gliksman from Estera Epstein about the progress of his case,

Date: 9 June 1949

Language: Polish

Letter to Gliksman

RG-01.14.28.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Henry Gliksman from Estera Epstein about the progress of his case, Translation

RG-01.14.29, RG-01.14.29, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to attorney Estera Epstein from Maria Gliksman

Date: undated

Language: Polish

Letter to Epstajn (Sic!)

RG-01.14.29.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to attorney Estera Epstein from Maria Gliksman, translation,

RG-01.14.30, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to attorney Estera Epstein

Date: undated

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.30.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to attorney Estera Epstein, Translation,

RG-01.14.31, Henryk Gliksman, Authorization signed by Maria Gliksman,

Date: 28 January 1949

Language: Yiddish (narrated in Latin script)

In this document Henryk Gliksman authorizes Estera Epstein to render a legal defense for him against the Rehabilitacje Committee (Rehabilitation Committee) in Munich.

RG-01.14.32, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman regarding the witnesses,

Date: 25 March 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.32.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman regarding the witnesses, translation from Polish

RG-01.14.33, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about indictment and witnesses,

Date: 20 March 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.33.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about indictment and witnesses, Translation from Polish

RG-01.14.34, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, Henryk Gliksman about his case,

Date: 17 March 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.34.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, Henryk Gliksman about his case, Translation from Polish

RG-01.14.35, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about a meeting,

Date: 31-Jan-1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.35, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about legal representation,

RG-01.14.35, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about legal representation, Translation from Polish

RG-01.14.36, Henryk Gliksman, Testimony of Henryk Gliksman, a letter to Estera Epstein, attorney

Date: undated

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.36.01, Henryk Gliksman, Testimony of Henryk Gliksman, a letter to Estera Epstein, attorney,    Translation from Polish 

RG-01.14.37, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney

Date: 11 March 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.37.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, Translation from Polish

RG-01.14.38, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman and Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, in Polish,

Date: undated

Language: Polish

Letter by Henryk Gliksman.

RG-01.14.38.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman and Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, Translation from Polish

RG-01.14.39, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney

Date: 5 February 1949

Language: Polish

RG-01.14.39.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, Translation from Polish

Language of Material: Yiddish, Polish, German
Related Material: This collection has much in common with the Dawid Gertler Papers, RG-01.11, both cases bearing affinity in scope ant content. Both individuals were accused prosecuted by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in Germany, in Munich. Overall, the accusations in both cases were of the same nature – collaboration with the German administration in ghettos and camps. Both defendants, Dawid Gertler and Henryk Gliksman hired the same defense attorney, Estera Epstein, who exercised judicial representation for them. Lastly, the handwriting of the protocols, notes, forms and other preparatory materials appears to have been created by the same official -- in both instances, defense attorney Estera Epstein.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Forced labor in concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration with German administration
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish Combat Organization
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Rakow-Czestochowa (Poland)
Rakow (Labor camp)
Munich (Germany)
Bad Nauheim (Germany)
Zeilscheim (Germany)
Glashuette (Labor camp)
Gliksman, Henryk
Szule, Chaim
Epstein, Estera
Opatowski, Dr. Josef
Gliksman, Maria
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Personal correspondence
Documents in German language
Documents in Yiddish language
Documents in Polish language
Yiddish, language
Polish, language
German, language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish courts of honor
Legal defense
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.14.01, Henryk Gliksman, narrative about Rakow concentration camp in 1942, 1943, 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The testimony of Henrik Gliksman about the Rakow concentrtion camp in Poland.
Subject/Index Terms:
Rakow (Labor camp)
Rakow (Poland: Concentrtion camp)
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Accusation and suspicion of collaboration in the Holocaust
Personal narratives about concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish collaborators on trials
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Jewish collaborators
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.14.02, Henryk Gliksman, Handwritten notes in Yiddish, ca 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
These notes relate to Henryk Gliksman's help to the Jewish Comban Organziation (Z.O.B.)
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
resistance in concentration camps
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and German administration in concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Relations between prisoner-functionaries and resistance members in Nazi-German concentration camps
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.14.03, Henryk Gliksman, Protocol in from of testimony,, ca 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Henryk Gliksman and Estera Epstein narrate the mundane experience in Rakow concentration camp, in Yiddish
Subject/Index Terms:
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
aid in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Relations between prisoner-functionaries and resistance members in Nazi-German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and German administration in concentration camps
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
resistance in concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
preferential treatment in concentration camps
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.14.04, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to the “Rehabilitacje Committe (Rehabilitation Committee), indictment, March 1939Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Henryk Gliksman with the help rendered by Estera Epstein, his attorney, argues against his indictment. He strongly disagrees with being treated as a collaborator and the special treatment that is being given to other prisoners.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
proof of innocence
Vetting of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Personal correspondence
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.14.05, Henryk Gliksman, Points of defense against the  indictment, August 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The prepared notes about the trial of Henryk Gilksman written by Estera Epstein. She incorporates the testimony of Henryk Gliksman into her reasoning and attempts to disprove the validity of the indictment.
Subject/Index Terms:
Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Legal document
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Legal defense
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Prejudices against defendants in Jewish Courts of Honor
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.14.06, Henryk Gliksman, chronologic narrative for his own defense,, 14 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten chronological narrative written by Henryk Gliksman for his own defense.  The narrative is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Glashuette (Labor camp)
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Rakow (Labor camp)
Rakow-Czestochowa (Poland)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Zeilscheim (Germany)
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Relations between prisoner-functionaries and resistance members in Nazi-German concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and German administration in concentration camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Organized resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.14.06.01, Henryk Gliksman, chronologic narrative for his own defense , Translation, 14 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The chronological narrative of Henryk Gliksman for his own defense.  This is the translation of document RG-01.14.06.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Forced labor in concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Munich (Germany)
Rakow (Labor camp)
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
resistance in concentration camps
aid in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Glashuette (Labor camp)
Gliksman, Maria
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Organized resistance in concentration camps
Rakow-Czestochowa (Poland)
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and German administration in concentration camps
Zeilscheim (Germany)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Legal defense in the Jewish courts of Honor
Relations between Jewish ghetto administration and German administration in the Holocaust
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.14.07, Henryk Gliksman, Narrative of an escape episode for his own defense in Polish, 5 August 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Handwritten notes of defense in the trial of Henryk Gliksman.  This document includes a narrative of an escape effort.  The note is handwritten in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Forced labor in concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Rakow (Labor camp)
Rakow-Czestochowa (Poland)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-01.14.07.01, Henryk Gliksman, Narrative of an escape episode for his own defense, Translation, 7 May 1948Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Henryk Gliksman to the Historical Commission of the Central-Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany.  This document also contains a letter from the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Frankfurt.  An excerpt from the report of Regina Goldstein is attached.  In this report, she mentions her acquaintance with Henryk Gliksman.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Forced labor in concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Legal defense
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Gliksman, Maria
Rakow (Labor camp)
Rakow-Czestochowa (Poland)
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
resistance in concentration camps
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-01.14.08, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Historical Commission of the Central-Committee in Munich, 7 May 1948Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A continuation of the letter from Henryk Gliksman to the Historical Commission of the Central-Committee of Liberated Jews in Munich.  The letters is in German and Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
proof of innocence
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Documents in German language
Documents in Yiddish language
German, language
Yiddish, language
Rescue and aid in the Holocaust
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-01.14.09, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Historical Commission of the Central-Committee in Munich, continuation, 27 July 1948Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The affidavits of two witnesses in the trial of Henryk Gliksman.  In the affidavits, Szmulewicz Zyskind and Szymon Mlodinow both state their acquaintance with Gliksman.  They only recall positive experiences when it comes to him.  Gliksman had been helping the underground movement of the Rakow concentration camp by covering for them and providing them with information.  He also managed to improve work conditions as well as the food rations by negotiating with camp commanders and ensuring the correct share of the food ration was distributed in his unit.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Forced labor in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
Rakow (Labor camp)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Organized resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
German, language
Yiddish, language
Documents in German language
Documents in Yiddish language
Rakow-Czestochowa (Poland)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-01.14.10, Henryk Gliksman, Affidavits of two witnesses, in German, 25 April 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Two affidavits forwarded by The Jewish Committee in Celle for the trial of Henryk Gliksman.  The affidavits are from Chaim Goldberg, who will testify about his relationship with Henryk Gliksman.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Forced labor in concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Munich (Germany)
Rakow (Labor camp)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
proof of innocence
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
German, language
Documents in German language
Zyskind, Szmulewicz
Mlodinow, Szymon
Creators:
The Jewish Committee in Celle
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Zyskind, Szmulewicz (27 July 1948)
Mlodinow, Szymon (27 July 1948)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-01.14.11, Henryk Gliksman, Transcript of Affidavits, in German, 6 April 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten letter written by Henryk Glikman's attorney Estera Epstein to the "Rehabilitacje Committee" (Rehabilitation Committee) about witnesses for the defense.  The witnesses listed were former prisoners.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Forced labor in concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Rakow (Labor camp)
German, language
Documents in German language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-01.14.12, Henryk Gliksman, List of witnesses names, former prisonser, in Yiddish, 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The handwritten affidavit of Chaim Szule for the trial of Henryk Gliksman.  In the document, he testifies about his acquaintance with the defendant.  The document is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Munich (Germany)
Rakow (Labor camp)
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Organized resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
proof of innocence
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG-01.14.13, Henryk Gliksman, Affidavit of Chaim Szule in Yiddish, 28 April 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Issued by the Jewish community of Genoa, Dr. Josef Opatowski testifies about his experiences with Henryk Gliksman.  He states clearly that Gliksman did everything in his power to ensure the wellbeing of the workers; in particular, it was true with regard to the patients of Dr. Opatowski.  Gliksman would not send ill workers outside the camp for labor.  He kept them within the camp and managed to provide as much medical supplies as possible.  Furthermore, he goes on to deny certain charges against Gliksman and argues against the accusations.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Forced labor in concentration camps
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Munich (Germany)
Opatowski, Dr. Josef
Rakow (Labor camp)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
resistance in concentration camps
aid in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
preferential treatment in concentratin camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Personal testimonies
proof of innocence
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Szule, Chaim
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Szule, Chaim
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG-01.14.14, Henryk Gliksman, Transcript of the affidavit of Dr. Josef Opatowski, in German,, 6 April 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten list of witnesses for the defense in the trial of Henryk Gliksman.  The list is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Munich (Germany)
Rakow (Labor camp)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Relations between prisoners-functionaries and ordinary prisoners
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
proof of innocence
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Opatowski, Dr. Josef
German, language
Documents in German language
Jewish Community of Genoa
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: RG-01.14.15, Henryk Gliksman, List of witnesses, former prisonersAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten note by Henryk Gliksman.  The small note provides an address to a location in Munich.  The language and date is unknown.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Munich (Germany)
Personal correspondence
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Legal defense
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
legal correspondence
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: RG-01.14.16, Henryk Gliksman, handwritten note, an addressAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
handwritten note with an address
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Munich (Germany)
Personal correspondence
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Legal defense
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: RG-01.14.17, Henryk Gliksman, postal documents, 1 February 1949, 18 March 1949, 20 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This document contains a set of postal receipts of sent mail from Munich to Gliksman in Bad Nauheim, Germany.  The receipts are written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bad Nauheim (Germany)
Munich (Germany)
Personal correspondence
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Rakow (Labor camp)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
legal correspondence
Postal Receipts, Post World War II
German, language
Documents in German language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: RG-01.14.18, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Notification to Estera Epstein of legal defense, 7 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A notice sent to Estera Epstein at the "Rehabilitacje und Erngericht Munchen" (Rehabilitation Committee in Munich) to notify her that she will be taking the defense case of Henryk Gliksman.  The note is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Correspondence in Yiddish language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: RG-01.14.19, Henryk Gliksman, Testimony of Marzej Krauze, 11 May 1948Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Marzej Krauze testifies of his acquaintance with Henryke Gliksman.  He states that Gliksman was always helping the Jewish Combat Organization.  He also states that Gliksman was once interrogated and heavily beaten by the Gestapo.  The document is certified by the Jewish community of Bad Nauheim.  The document is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish Combat Organization (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa)
Bad Nauheim (Germany)
Gestapo (Nazi German Secret political police)
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
resistance in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: RG-01.14.20, Henryk Gliksman, Statement of Marzej Krauze, 11 May 1948Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The original statement of Marzej Krauze, connected with the Henryk Gliksman trial.  This document corresponds with RG-01.14.19.  The document is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
resistance in concentration camps
Relations between prisoners in Nazi-German concentration camps
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: RG-01.14.21, Henryk Gliksman,Witnesses from Rakow concentration camp, in Polish, 18 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten list of witnesses in the defense case of Henryk Gliksman.  These witnesses are from the Rakow concentration camp.  The list is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Rakow (Labor camp)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
living and working conditions in concentration and labor camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 24: RG-01.14.22, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Notification to Estera Epstein about taking up legal defense, 17 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A notice to Estera Epstein at the "Rehabilitacje und Ergericht Munchen" (Rehabilitation Committee in Munich) to notify her that she will be taking up the legal defense case of Henryk Gliksman.  The notice is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Documents in Yiddish language
Correspondence in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 25: RG-01.14.22.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Notification to Estera Epstein about taking up legal defense, Translation, 17 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of the letter of notification sent to Estera Epstein.  This document corresponds with RG-01.14.22.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
documents translated from Yiddish
English, language
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 26: RG-01.14.23, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, notification of a visit, 24 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein to notify her that he plans to visit her.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Personal correspondence
Gliksman, Henryk
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Polish, language
Correspondence in Polish language
Documents in Polish language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 27: RG-01.14.23.01, Henryk Gliksman,  Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, notification of a visit, Translation, 24 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein to notify her that he plans to visit her.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Personal correspondence
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 28: RG-01.14.24, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Gliksman's wife to Estera Epstein, elaborating details, 16 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Henryk Gliksman's wife, Maria Gliksman, to Estera Epstein, elaborating on details.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Epstein, Estera
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Correspondence in Polish language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 29: RG-01.14.24.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter of Gliksman's wife to Estera Epstein, elaborating details, Translation, 16 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A translation of the letter sent by Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  This document corresponds with RG-01.14.24.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Personal correspondence
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Legal defense
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 30: RG-01.14.25, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Henryk Gliksman and his wife, in Polish, 14 July 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten letter to Henryk Gliksman and his wife Maria.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Personal correspondence
Legal defense
Munich (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Correspondence in Polish language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 31: RG-01.14.26, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to defense attorney Estera Epstein, 14 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Personal correspondence
Legal defense
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Munich (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Correspondence in Polish language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 32: RG-01.14.26.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to attorney Estera Epstein, Translation, 14 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translatin of the letter sent from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Legal defense
Munich (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 33: RG-01.14.27, Henryk Gliksman, postal documents, 13 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A postal receipt to confirm that mail was sent from Munich to H. Gliksman in Bad Nauheim, Germany.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Personal correspondence
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Legal defense
Munich (Germany)
Bad Nauheim (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
German, language
Correspondence in German language
Documents in German language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
legal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 34: RG-01.14.28, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Henryk Gliksman from Estera Epstein about the progress of his case, 9 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein to inform him about the progress of his case.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Legal defense
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Munich (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
legal correspondence
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
Polish, language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 35: RG-01.14.28.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to Henry Gliksman from Estera Epstein about the progress of his case, , Translation, 9 June 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of the letter sent to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein to inform him about the progress of his case.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Personal correspondence
Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
legal correspondence
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 36: RG-01.14.29, Henryk Gliksman, Letter to attorney Estear Epstein from Maria GliksmanAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter to from Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Legal defense
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Epstein, Estera
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
legal correspondence
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 37: RG-01.14.29.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter  to attorney Estee Epstein from Maria Gliksman, translationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of the letter sent by Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.
Subject/Index Terms:
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Epstein, Estera
Personal correspondence
Legal defense
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Munich (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
proof of innocence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 38: RG-01.14.30, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to attorney Estera EpsteinAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten letter from Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Personal correspondence
Legal defense
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Munich (Germany)
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
legal correspondence
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 39: RG-01.14.30.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to attorney Estera Epstein, TranslationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent by Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  This letter corresponds with RG-01.14.30.
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal correspondence
Legal defense
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 40: RG-01.14.31, Henryk Gliksman, Authorization signed by Maria Gliksman, 28 January 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
In this document, Henryk Gliksman authorizes Estera Epstein to rend a legal defense for him against the Rehabilitacje (Rehabilitation) Committee in Munich.  The authorization has been signed by Maria Gliksman.  The document is written in Yiddish using a Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 41: RG-01.14.32, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman regarding the witnesses, 25 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein regarding the witnesses for his defense trial.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 42: RG-01.14.32.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman regarding the witnesses,  Translation, 25 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein regarding witnesses for his defense trial.  This document corresponds with RG-01.14.32.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 43: RG-01.14.33, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about indictment and witnesses, 20 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein concerning his indictments and the witnesses for his defense trial.  The ltter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Personal correspondence
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
legal correspondence
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 44: RG-01.14.33.01, Henryk Gliksman,  Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about indictment and witnesses, , Translation, 20 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein concerning his indictment and the witnesses of his defense trial.  The letter has been translated from Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Legal defense
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Personal correspondence
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 45: RG-01.14.34, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, Henryk Gliksman about his case, 17 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein about his defense case.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Personal correspondence
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
Polish, language
legal correspondence
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 46: RG-01.14.34.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, Henryk Gliksman about his case, Translation, 17 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent to Henryk Gliksman from his defense attorney Estera Epstein concerning his case.  The letter has been translated from Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Personal correspondence
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
legal correspondence
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 47: RG-01.14.35, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about legal representationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter to Henryk Gliksman from defense attorney Estera Epstein concerning legal representation.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
legal correspondence
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Personal correspondence
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 48: RG-01.14.35.01, Henryk Gliksman,  Letter from Estera Epstein, attorney, to Henryk Gliksman about legal representation, TranslationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter to Henryk Gliksman from defense attorney Estera Epstein concerning his legal representation.  The letter has been translated from Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Personal correspondence
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 49: RG-01.14.36, Henryk Gliksman, Testimony of Henryk Gliksman, a letter to Estera Epstein, attorneyAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter contains testimony from Henryk Gliksman.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration with German administration
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Munich (Germany)
Personal correspondence
Personal testimonies
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Correspondence in Polish language
legal correspondence
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Creators:
Gliksman, Henryk
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 50: RG-01.14.36.01, Henryk Gliksman, Testimony of Henryk Gliksman, a letter to Estera Epstein, attorney, TranslationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent by Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter contains a portion of testimony from Gliksman.  The letter has been translated from Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish courts of honor
Personal correspondence
Personal testimonies
documents translated from Polish
English, language
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
legal correspondence
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 51: RG-01.14.37, Henryk Gliksman, letter from Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, 11 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten letter from Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Documents in Polish language
Correspondence in Polish language
Polish, language
Personal correspondence
legal correspondence
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 52: RG-01.14.37.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney , Translation, 11 March 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter sent by Henryk Gliksman's wife Maria to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter has been translated from Polish.  In the letter, Maria is outraged by what she deems to be false accusations against her husband and expresses her frustrations to his defense attorney.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Personal correspondence
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
English, language
legal correspondence
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 53: RG-01.14.38, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman and Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, in PolishAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from Henryk and Maria Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is written in Polish and is undated.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Personal correspondence
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
legal correspondence
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Correspondence in Polish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 54: RG-01.14.38.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman and Maria Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, TranslationAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter from Henryk and Maria Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is undated and translated from Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
Personal correspondence
legal correspondence
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Gliksman, Maria
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 55: RG-01.14.39, Henryk Gliksman,  Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, 5 February 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A handwritten letter from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter is written in Polish.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Collaboration with German administration
Gliksman, Henryk
Investigation of collaborative activities in concentration camps
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Munich (Germany)
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Polish, language
Documents in Polish language
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Gliksman, Maria
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 56: RG-01.14.39.01, Henryk Gliksman, Letter from Henryk Gliksman to Estera Epstein, attorney, Translation, 5 February 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of a letter from Henryk Gliksman to his defense attorney Estera Epstein.  The letter has been translated from Polish.  This document corresponds with RG-01.14.39.
Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Collaboration with German administration
Munich (Germany)
Rehabilitacje und Erngericht (Rehabilitation organization)--Munich (Germany)
indictments of Jewish functionaries of ghettos and Nazi-German concentration camps
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Legal defense
Proceedings against Jewish functionaries of Nazi-German concentration camps
proof of innocence
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
documents translated from Polish
legal correspondence
Personal correspondence
Gliksman, Maria
English, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Gliksman, Henryk
Sub-Collection 15: RG-01.15, Alice Schragai memoir, 21 January 1982Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
This narrative presents the personal reflections of Alice Schragai on her family history in Eastern Slovakia in the course of the prewar, wartime, and postwar periods. Alice Schragai’s memoir chronicles her life from childhood through young adulthood, encompassing prewar recollections of childhood, and wartime experiences in the concentration camps. Her story continues through the postwar period and details her difficulties in Israel and then in America. Her memoir ends with her arrival to the United States.
Extent: 119 pages
Language of Material: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Immigration to United States
Auschwitz (Concentration camp)
Stutthof (Concentration camp)
Zionist activities
Attitudes toward Slovakia and/or Slovaks
Family life
Discrimination
Antisemitism
Jewish identity
Bombardments
Liberation of concentration camps
Childhood experiences of antisemitism
Deportation to concentration camps
German annexation of Sudetenland (October 1, 1938)
German invasion of Hungary (March 19, 1944)
Jewish life
Forced labor in factories
Post-liberation adaptation
Immigration to British Mandate of Palestine
Arab-Israeli War (1948-1949)
Kassa (Czechoslovakia)
Kassa (Hungary)
Tel Aviv (Israel)
Schragai, Alice
Benes, Edvard
Mengele, Josef
Creators:
Schragai, Alice
Sub-Collection 16: RG-01.16, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany papers, 1946-1949Add to your cart.

This collection is comprised of materials related to the Central Committee’s activities, particularly with regard to easing the process of obtaining personal documents from the Polish consulates in Germany. It also includes documents outlining establishment and functioning of the Jewish courts of honor in Germany; materials prepared for restitution claims; official correspondences between agencies; and judicial documents of trials.

In particular, the Central Committee of Liberated Jews focused on establishing a dialogue with, the new Polish authorities in order to resolve the following issues:

                                                                                                                   

1. Restoration of ownership of the Jewish estates remaining in Poland.  Enabling the processes of succession.

2. Arguing about the fixed fees for the claim process that shall not be corollary of the property value.

3. Prolonging the deadline for submitting claims for the war damages.

4. Easing the issuance of the duplicates from the prewar wedding acts and birth

certificates. To ease this process, it was proposed that the testimonies of two witnesses would suffice as a proof. Having the testimonies of two witnesses, the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany may officially reinstate the prewar Polish certificate attaching the stamp of their own. This provisional document would be regarded sufficient for the Office of Civil Status in Poland. This Office would eventually issue and deliver a proper document to the Central Committee in Germany.

5. The Central Committee discussed numerous complaints submitted by the Polish citizens in German about understaffed Polish Consulates in Germany resultant in inefficient business.

6. The Central discussed difficulties of re-issuance of Polish passports to the Polish citizens. It was requested to ease this process on the part of the Polish Consulate in Frankfurt. The Central Committee pointed out that   the Polish Consulate requires submitting of 17 supporting documents in order to obtain a new Polish passport.

Language of the documents: Yiddish (using Latin script), Polish, English, German.

Location: U.S. Occupation Zone in Germany, Bavaria, Munich

Time period: 1946 – 1947

List of names which frequently appear in correspondences and other documents:

Attorney Estera Epstein

Dr. Aleksander Celniker

Henryk Goldring

Attorney W. Friedheim

Dr. M. Verstandig

Organization, handwritten and typewritten documents. This record group includes digitized materials.

Language, Yiddish, German, Polish, English

RG-01.16.01, Memorandum, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany

Type of document: Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany, Memorandum to Estera Epstein, lawyer

Language: Yiddish (in Latin script)

Date: January 30th 1949

RG-01.16.02, Conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947

Type of document: Handwritten notes

Author: unknown (although handwriting shows similar characters to Estera Epstein’s previous documents)

Language: Polish

Date: September 4 – 6th, 1947

Document contains 14 pages of handwritten notes, taken during the conference, which took place between 4th and 6th of September 1947 at the Polish military mission in Berlin. The following delegates of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany attended the Conference, attorney Estera Epstein, Dr. Aleksander Celniker and Henryk Goldring.

The Polish government was represented by Lieutenant-Colonel Stanislaw Gebert. The main themes of the conference read as follows, restitution claims, a need to prepare the new, appropriate forms for the restoration of full powers of ownership, and applications for opening and closing the processes of succession. Another important issue discussed was a request to extend a deadline for applications for compensation of war damages and applications for restitutions.

RG-01.16.03, Letter to the Legal Department of Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Warsaw, sent via Polish military mission in Berlin

This letter was compiled by Dr. A. Celinikier, Director of Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews, P. Piekacz, President of Central Committee of Liberated Jews, attorney W. Friedheim, Chairman of Federation of Jews form Poland, and Dr. M. Verstandig, Director of Legal Department of the Federation of Jews from Poland.

The letter contains a number of requests to the Polish Government, specifically to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since enormous material and mental damages have been inflicted on the Jews of Poland in the Second World War, the authors requested to adopt the certain changes to the Polish legislature.  If adopted, these changes would be of significant help to the remaining Polish Jews. The authors pointed to the unresolved issues of property restitutions, regaining of the Polish passports, and also emphasized complaints about work efficiency and the willingness to help on the part of staff of the Polish Consular outposts.

Language: Polish

Date: October 1st 1947

RG-01.16.04, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor

Handwritten notes

In the beginning of October 1945, the first “Jewish Court” was established in the US zone in Germany, in Landsberg, Bavaria. The office in Landsberg included the Jewish Court and Prosecution Office. The following professionals worked in the Jewish Court in Landsberg:

Dr. Samuel Gringauz, Judge (Chairman of DP camp in Landsberg

Natan Markowski, a member of management/ administration

Benjamin Abelski, Chief of Jewish Police in Landsberg DP camp

<p style="margin-left:.5in;"> Dr. Josef Frammer, a physician by profession and a member of Rehabilitation Committee of the DP camp

In the Prosecution Counsel Office was Dr. Shlomo Orenstein, an attorney who used to work as a prosecutor in Lodz, Poland. He was the first Jewish prosecutor in the American zone of occupation in Germany.

The notes were also taken on the following subjects:

<p style="margin-left:.5in;"> - First attempts to establish certain procedures and regulations dealing with the crimes in the camps, etc.

Type of document: Handwritten notes

Author: attorney Estera Epstein

Language: Yiddish

         

RG-01.16.05, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, Memorandum, in Polish

One typed page on the letterhead of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany; with headquarters in Munich. This memorandum specifies four major themes on which the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany concentrates its efforts. These subjects were:

1. Compensations of war damages. It was requested to extend a deadline for registration.

2. Text of the new legislation for succession.

3. The list of lawyers in Poland.

4. Improving the service rendering to all petitioners by the Polish consular posts.

Type of document: one typed page

Author: unknown

Language: English, Polish

Date: unknown

RG-01.16.06, A notice from the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany regarding a positive decision granted by the American administration in the matter of Jewish judicial activities. An official status of the Jewish Court of Honor has been recognized.

The Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the American zone of occupation in Germany states that it has received a positive decision from the Americans. It supports the related pursuits undertaken by the Jewish judiciary and Jewish Court over the DP camps in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany.

Type of document: Statement

Author: Department of Public Relations of Central Committee of Liberated Jews in US zone of occupation in Germany

Language: Yiddish, Polish, English

Date:  November 20th, 1946

RG-01.16.07, Business trip arrangements and permissions issued by the American military authorities to Henryk Goldring, Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany; Dr. Alexander Celnikier, Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany; Dr. Esther Epstein, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany. The aforementioned officials are allowed to travel on business from Munich to Berlin.

On the 2nd of September 1947, the Headquarters of 7822 Station Complement Unit (US Military Government in Germany) issued a Travel Document for aforementioned persons travelling on business from Munich to Berlin on the 2nd of September 1947 and 9th of September 1947. The purpose of this trip was to confer with the officials of the Polish Military Mission in Berlin. They were authorized to commute in both directions.

The travel arrangements have been authorized by Colonel George R. Scithers, Liaison Officer of the EUCOM Liaison Office. The cost of transportation was charged to the respective funds of American administration.

Type of document: Authorization for transportation

Issued by U.S. Military Authorities

Language: English

Date:  September 2, 1947

RG-01.16.08, Memorandum issued by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. zone of occupation in Germany. This Memorandum, issued by the Legal Department, inquired about the legal status of the local Jewish courts and also about their judicial activities. There was also a structural determination on the status and role of the central and local courts designated by the Central Jewish Court in Munich.

Memorandum, the text,

Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the American zone of occupation in Germany appeal to all local and Rayonscomitees (District Committees) of the Liberated Jews in the American zone of occupation in Germany.

Subject: Judicature

We request the following to be declared immediately,

a)         If there is a court established in your committee. If yes, please provide the list of its members.

b)         Please specify legal criteria that guide the court in rendering decisions.

c)         Please inform if your court has the power to impose imprisonments.

d)         Please inform on how many cases the court had completed by now.

We notify that our court made the following decisions at its plenary meeting:

1.         On our part the Legal Department states that their Jewish Court of Honor in Munich rules as second and the last instance with regard to all other Jewish courts of honor. The local courts can thus only rule as the courts of the first instance.

2.         Every judgment or ruling of the court of the first instance can be appealed to our court of the second and final instance.

3.         The appellation term is limited to 14 days.

4.         The appellate court is empowered to use reformatio in peius, a Latin term for revising a decision of the court of the first instance.

5.         A presiding judge of the court of the first instance has to inform the convict of instructions 1-4 after the judgment had been pronounced.

It is also stated that the Jewish Court of Honor in Munich was the first and last instance for potential rehabilitation applications for the members of the local-and Rayonscomitees (District Committees) when there were no claimants.

The Jewish Court of Honor is located at ZK, Moehlstrasse 12a, room 16.

We expect your immediate reply

Signed by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany.

Type of document: Memorandum issued by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany to the local Jewish courts.

Language: German

Date: unknown

RG-01.16.09, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein

RG-01.16.10, Handwritten List of 72 names.

These are the names of the individuals whose wartime and post-wartime activities were investigated by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany. They were charged with various crimes ranging from illegal actions in DP camps to more serious accusations of collaboration with the German-Nazi administrations in the occupied territories

This List does not refer to a specific DP camps in the American zone of occupation in Germany where the people in question resided. Gleaned from the other documents, especially considering the testimony of Anna Przeworska – Pratt (Testimony of Anna Przeworska (Estera Epstein) in Polish in the form of a letter to a former Polish colleague, RG – 01.04, pages: 13 - 16) most likely the list was from a DP camp in Landsberg.

There is a short note in reference to the given names. The note speaks specifically to their crimes, charges, time served in prison and so on. The cases varied from wartime collaboration with the German administration in the ghettos and concentration camps, to petty crimes like stealing food or clothing in a particular DP camp.

<p align="center"> List of individuals against whom the charges were pressed by the Jewish Court of Honor

1.         Halina Poznanska

2.         Horowicz Heniek, Milsztajn Hersz

3.         Seweryn Cwajg

4.         Israel Friedman

5.         Dawid Imerglik

6.         Leon Pierocki, Elbani Cyjon

7.         Szmul Majerowicz

8.         Szmul Werner

9.         Josef Aleks

10.       Wolf Krzak

11.       Daniel Sieradzki

12.       Majlek Winnik, Boris Blum, Ajzyk Kolpenicki

13.       Mieczyslaw Bauczuk

14.       Wiktor Jakubson, Eugen Borknn

15.       Abram Helmer

16.       Salomon Sasson

17.       Szloma Fajnberg

18.       Szloma Fajgenberg

19.       Szecawski

20.       Moses Melamed

21.       Marysia Warszpieprz

22.       Maurycy Pinkas

23.       Rozenbaum Kalma and Aron, Sochaczewski Aron

24.       Anna Rulc

25.       Hersz Fajnbaum

26.       Herszl Martm

27.       Cesia Ajchenwald

28.       Dwora Kozlowska

29.       Izaak Nelken

30.       Pola Maroko

31.       Szmul Rakowski

32.       Chaim Berzuk

33.       Lewi Chil

34.       Szyja Bergman

35.       Hersz Fajchman

36.       Jesiejel Munk

37.       Julja Roth

38.       Balon, Farber, Salilan

39.       Mendel Adler, Imra Hoch,

40.       Awraham Dzingel

41.       Wolf Zelkowicz

42.       Jakow Miligram

43.       Illegible

44.       Misza Grabowski

45.       Izaak Frajberg

46.       Mufeld Duchan

47.       Szlojmo Halpern

47.       Moses Sandor

48.       Wolf Maler

49.       Samaj

50.       Dawid Szyniecki

51.       Mojsze Liber

52.       Zawadzki, Zeligson, Praszker

53.       Szalom Kazanowski

54.       Izrael Fudalowicz

55.       Abram Buksbanm, Abram Wulkan

56.       Moris Barcyjan

57.       Rumakowski

58.       Mendel Kenigstein

59.       Jakow Bomstein

60.       Jakob Fajgenbaum

61.       Joel Liber

62.       Bernard Frajberg

63.       Tamar Beker

64.       Abraham Szalenstein

65.       Lrla Bialowierska

66.       Adolf Szenbach

67.       Abram Nachtigal

68.       Berysz Herszlikowicz

69.       Mojsze Fridenzon

70.       Friedberg

71.       Englender

72.       Zlotykamien

Type of document: Handwritten notes

Author: unknown (although handwriting shows the pattern of writing characteristic to Estera Epstein)

Language: Yiddish (in Latin script), Polish

Date:  unknown

Arrangement: The arrangement scheme for the record group was imposed during processing in the absence of an original order. Materials are arranged by identifier, as assigned by the processor.
Extent: This collection is comprised of ten items.
Language of Material: Yiddish, German, Polish, and English
Subject/Index Terms:
Confiscation of Jewish property without German authorization
Jewish property attacks
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Lost property recovery
Displaced persons camps
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor
Restitution
Restitution-related documents
Identification documents
U.S. zone of occupation
Munich (Germany)
U.S. zone of occupation--Germany
Bavaria (Germany)
Epstein, Estera
Celniker, Dr. Aleksander
Goldring, Henryk
Friedheim, W.
Verstandig, Dr. M.
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Folder 1: RG-01.16.01, Memorandum, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany, 30 January 1949Add to your cart.
Narrated by Estera Epstein, attorney. Outlines principles, conceptions and problems with regard to the activity of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany.  The document is written in Yiddish using Latin script.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and Polish government
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and US Military Government  in Germany
Postwar Jewish immigration from Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Epstein, Estera
narratives in Yiddish
Documents in Yiddish language
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany (1945 -- 1952)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.16.01.01, Memorandum, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany, Part 1, 30 January 1949Add to your cart.
Narrated by Estera Epstein, attorney. Outlines principles, conceptions and problems with regard to the activity of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany. The document is written in Yiddish using Latin script. Part 1 of 2.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
Documents in Yiddish language
Epstein, Estera
Germany (1945--1949)
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
narratives in Yiddish
Postwar Jewish immigration from Germany
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and Polish government
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and US Military Government  in Germany
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany (1945 -- 1952)
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.16.01.02, Memorandum, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany, Part 2, 30 January 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Narrated by Estera Epstein, attorney. Outlines principles, conceptions and problems with regard to the activity of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany. The document is written in Yiddish using Latin script. Part 2 of 2.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
Documents in Yiddish language
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
narratives in Yiddish
Postwar Jewish immigration from Germany
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and Polish government
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and US Military Government  in Germany
Yiddish, language
Creators:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany (1945 -- 1952)
Epstein, Estera
Folder 2: RG-01.16.02, Conference notes taken at the Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947, 4--6 September 1947Add to your cart.

The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany took an initiative to settle the issues of restitutions, compensations, recovery of property on behalf of Polish Jews who temporarily resided in displaced persons caps or elsewhere in Germany. Questions of reinstatement of Polish passports for the former Polish citizens have been also discussed. Issuance of various certificates by Polish authorities for the former Polish citizens resided in Germany or elsewhere was also a subject of discussion.

This document contains 14 pages of handwritten notes, taken during the conference, which took place between the 4th and 6th of September 1947 at the Polish military mission in Berlin.  The following delegates of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany attended teh Conference: attorney Estera Epstein, Dr. Aleksander Celniker, and Henryk Goldring.

The Polish government was represented by Liutenant-Colonel Stanislaw Gebert.  The main themes of the conference reads as follows: restitution claims, a need to prepare the new, appropriate forms for the restoration of full powers of ownership, and applications for opening and closing the processes of succession.  Another important issue discussed was a request to extend a deadline for applications for compensations of war damages and applications for restitutions.

Subject/Index Terms:
Wartime restitutions
recovery of property
Reinstatement of passports
Issuance of certificates
Consular support
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
Polish consulates in Germany, postwar
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Poland (1945--1991)
Unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947
Polish, language
Narratives in Polish language
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947 (September 4 – 6, 1947)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.16.02.01, Conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947, Part 1, 4--6 September 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany took an initiative to settle the issues of restitutions, compensations, recovery of property on behalf of Polish Jews who temporarily resided in displaced persons caps or elsewhere in Germany. Questions of reinstatement of Polish passports for the former Polish citizens have been also discussed. Issuance of various certificates by Polish authorities for the former Polish citizens resided in Germany or elsewhere was also a subject of discussion.

This document contains 14 pages of handwritten notes, taken during the conference, which took place between the 4th and 6th of September 1947 at the Polish military mission in Berlin.  The following delegates of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany attended teh Conference: attorney Estera Epstein, Dr. Aleksander Celniker, and Henryk Goldring.

The Polish government was represented by Lieutenant-Colonel Stanislaw Gebert.  The main themes of the conference reads as follows: restitution claims, a need to prepare the new, appropriate forms for the restoration of full powers of ownership, and applications for opening and closing the processes of succession.  Another important issue discussed was a request to extend a deadline for applications for compensations of war damages and applications for restitutions. Part 1 of 4

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Consular support
Issuance of certificates
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Polish consulates in Germany, postwar
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
recovery of property
Reinstatement of passports
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Wartime restitutions
Poland (1945--1991)
Unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947
Polish, language
Narratives in Polish language
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947 (September 4 – 6, 1947)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.16.02.02, Conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947, Part 2, 4--6 September 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany took an initiative to settle the issues of restitution, compensations, recovery of property on behalf of Polish Jews who temporarily resided in displaced persons caps or elsewhere in Germany. Questions of reinstatement of Polish passports for the former Polish citizens have been also discussed. Issuance of various certificates by Polish authorities for the former Polish citizens resided in Germany or elsewhere was also a subject of discussion.

This document contains 14 pages of handwritten notes, taken during the conference, which took place between the 4th and 6th of September 1947 at the Polish military mission in Berlin.  The following delegates of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany attended the Conference: attorney Estera Epstein, Dr. Aleksander Celniker, and Henryk Goldring.

The Polish government was represented by Lieutenant-Colonel Stanislaw Gebert.  The main themes of the conference reads as follows: restitution claims, a need to prepare the new, appropriate forms for the restoration of full powers of ownership, and applications for opening and closing the processes of succession.  Another important issue discussed was a request to extend a deadline for applications for compensations of war damages and applications for restitution. Part 2 of 4

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Consular support
Issuance of certificates
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Polish consulates in Germany, postwar
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
recovery of property
Reinstatement of passports
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Wartime restitutions
Unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947
Poland (1945--1991)
Polish, language
Narratives in Polish language
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947 (September 4 – 6, 1947)
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.16.02.03, Conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947, Part 3, 4--6 September 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany took an initiative to settle the issues of restitutions, compensations, recovery of property on behalf of Polish Jews who temporarily resided in displaced persons caps or elsewhere in Germany. Questions of reinstatement of Polish passports for the former Polish citizens have been also discussed. Issuance of various certificates by Polish authorities for the former Polish citizens resided in Germany or elsewhere was also a subject of discussion.

This document contains 14 pages of handwritten notes, taken during the conference, which took place between the 4th and 6th of September 1947 at the Polish military mission in Berlin.  The following delegates of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany attended the Conference: attorney Estera Epstein, Dr. Aleksander Celniker, and Henryk Goldring.

The Polish government was represented by Lieutenant-Colonel Stanislaw Gebert.  The main themes of the conference reads as follows: restitution claims, a need to prepare the new, appropriate forms for the restoration of full powers of ownership, and applications for opening and closing the processes of succession.  Another important issue discussed was a request to extend a deadline for applications for compensations of war damages and applications for restitutions. Part 3 of 4

Subject/Index Terms:
Wartime restitutions
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Reinstatement of passports
recovery of property
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
Polish consulates in Germany, postwar
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Issuance of certificates
Consular support
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947
Poland (1945--1991)
Polish, language
Narratives in Polish language
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947 (September 4 – 6, 1947)
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.16.02.04, Conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947, Part 4, 4--6 September 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany took an initiative to settle the issues of restitutions, compensations, recovery of property on behalf of Polish Jews who temporarily resided in displaced persons caps or elsewhere in Germany. Questions of reinstatement of Polish passports for the former Polish citizens have been also discussed. Issuance of various certificates by Polish authorities for the former Polish citizens resided in Germany or elsewhere was also a subject of discussion.

This document contains 14 pages of handwritten notes, taken during the conference, which took place between the 4th and 6th of September 1947 at the Polish military mission in Berlin.  The following delegates of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone in Germany attended teh Conference: attorney Estera Epstein, Dr. Aleksander Celniker, and Henryk Goldring.

The Polish government was represented by Lieutenant-Colonel Stanislaw Gebert.  The main themes of the conference reads as follows: restitution claims, a need to prepare the new, appropriate forms for the restoration of full powers of ownership, and applications for opening and closing the processes of succession.  Another important issue discussed was a request to extend a deadline for applications for compensations of war damages and applications for restitutions. Part 4 of 4

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Consular support
Issuance of certificates
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Polish consulates in Germany, postwar
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
recovery of property
Reinstatement of passports
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Wartime restitutions
Unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947
Poland (1945--1991)
Polish, language
Narratives in Polish language
Documents in Polish language
Creators:
unknown author of conference notes taken on a Polish military mission, Berlin, September 1947 (September 4 – 6, 1947)
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.16.03, Letter to the Legal Department of Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Warsaw, October 1947, 1 October 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

This letter is written on behalf of Polish Jews residing in postwar Germany. It has been emphasized the new government of Polish People's Republic demonstrates compassion to the unprecedented tragedy befallen on Jewish people of Poland.

This letter outlines a number of serious issues that prevent normalization with regard to the processes of reinstatement of citizenship, issuance of passports, recovery of property, communication and travelling as well as consular support, all in all it is experienced by Polish Jews in postwar Germany.

Subject/Index Terms:
Polish People Republic
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Poland
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Consular support
Reinstatement of passports
Lost property recovery
Issuance of certificates
Polish military representation in Germany, postwar
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Polish language
Polish, language
Narratives in Polish language
Poland (1945--1991)
Consular support, Polish
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany (1945 -- 1952)
Epstein, Estera
Folder 4: RG-01.16.04, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime factness and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust.

Subject/Index Terms:
Jewish courts of honor
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
narratives in Yiddish
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.16.04.01, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 1, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime facts and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 1 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.16.04.02, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 2, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime facts and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 2 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945--1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.16.04.03, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 3, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime facts and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 3 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945--1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.16.04.04, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 4, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime facts and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 4 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Germany (1945--1949)
narratives in Yiddish
Documents in Yiddish language
Yiddish, language
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish collaborators
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Collaboration with German administration
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration in ghettos
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.16.04.05, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 5, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime factness and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 5 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.16.04.06, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 6, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime facts and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 6 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
Collaboration in the Holocaust in Belarus, 1941 -- 1944
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.16.04.07, Handwritten notes about the Jewish Court of Honor, Estera Epstein, 1949, Part 7, 1945 --1946; 1948 --1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

These judicial organs faced at least twofold task. A mundane task was to serve justice for Jewish population located within displaced persons camps. A formidable task undertaken by the Jewish Courts of Honor and supported by the US Military Government in Germany was however bringing to justice Jewish collaborators. Jewish collaborators, largely the higher echelon of Jewish Councils' members, heads of departments in the ghettos, lager and block aeltestes, Juedische Ordungsdienst service (Jewish police) in the ghetto often than not collaborated with the German Administration. There were instances of drastic activities that led to enormous enrichment and gaining wealth through the black market activities and partnership with the German supervision authorities, such as Gestapo, Police and other security forces.

Such Jewish individuals who ended up after the war in Germany were enthusiastically put on trial. Regrettably prerogatives and functions of the Jewish courts of honor were limited. The people served in the self-established departments of justice demonstrated exemplary commitment to restore justice and serve justice. Jewish collaborators used any possible means to distort the wartime facts and present themselves in the light of public servants, which they never had been, especially during the Holocaust. Part 7 of 7

Subject/Index Terms:
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.16.05, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, Agenda in Polish, ca 1948Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

One typed page on the letterhead of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany; with headquarters in Munich.  This memorandum specifies four major themes on which the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany concentrates its efforts.  These four subjects were:

1. Compensations of war damages.  It was requested to extend a deadline for registration.

2. Text of the new legislation for succession.

3. The list of lawyers in Poland.

4. Improving the service rendering to all petitioners by the Polish consular posts.

Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Federation of Jews from Poland in the US zone of occupation in Germany
Repatriation to Poland, postwar
Consular support
Consular support, Polish
Jewish courts of honor
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Munich (Germany)
Germany (1945--1949)
Polish, language
English, language
Documents in English language
Narratives in Polish language
Narratives in English language
German, language
Creators:
Federation of Jews from Poland in the US occupation zone in Germany (ca 1948)
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany (1945 -- 1952)
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.16.06, Notice from the Legal Dept. of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone of occupation, November 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the American zone of occupation in Germany states that it has received a positive decision from the Americans. It supports the related pursuits undertaken by the Jewish judiciary and Jewish Court over the DP camps in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Relations between the Central Committee of Liberated Jews and US Military Government  in Germany
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Jewish courts of honor
Documents in Yiddish language
Documents in English language
narratives in Yiddish
Yiddish, language
English, language
Munich (Germany)
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.16.07, Business trip arrangements and permissions issued by the American military authorities, 2 September 1947Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Business trip arrangements and permissions issued by the American military authorities to Henryk Goldring, Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany; Dr. Alexander Celnikier, Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany; Dr. Esther Epstein, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany. The aforementioned officials are allowed to travel on business from Munich to Berlin.

On the 2nd of September 1947, the Headquarters of 7822 Station Complement unit (U.S. Military Government in Germany) issued a Travel Document for aforementioned persons travelling on business from Munich to Berlin on the 2nd and 9th of September 1947. The purpose of this trip was to confer with the officials of the Polish Military Mission in Berlin. They were authorized to commute in both directions.

The travel arrangements have been authorized by Colonel George R. Scithers, Liaison Officer of the EUCOM Liaison Office. The cost of transportation was charged to the respective funds of American Administration.

Subject/Index Terms:
U.S. Military Government
U.S. zone of occupation--Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Goldring, Henryk
Celniker, Dr. Aleksander
Munich (Germany)
Berlin (Germany)
Creators:
United States Military Government in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.16.08, Memorandum issued by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. zone of occupation in GermanyAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A memorandum issued by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. zone of occupation in Germany.  This memorandum, issued by the Legal Department, inquired about the legal status of the local Jewish courts and also about their judicial activities.  There was also a structural determination on the status and role of the central and local courts designed by the Central Jewish Court in Munich.  The document is written in German.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
U.S. zone of occupation--Germany
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
German, language
Documents in German language
Narratives in German language
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Folder 9: RG-01.16.09, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, ca 1946Add to your cart.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein. The document is 43 pages long.
Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Germany (1945--1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.16.09.01, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 1, ca 1949Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
<p style="margin-left:-13.5pt;"> The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 1 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Epstein, Estera
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.16.09.02, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 2, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
<p style="margin-left:-13.5pt;"> The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 2 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.16.09.03, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 3, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
<p style="margin-left:-13.5pt;"> The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 3 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.16.09.04, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 4, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
<p style="margin-left:-13.5pt;"> The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 4 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-01.16.09.05, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 5, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 5 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-01.16.09.06, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 6, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 6 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-01.16.09.07, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 7, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. part 7 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-01.16.09.08, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 8, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 8 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945--1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-01.16.09.09, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 9, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 9 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-01.16.09.10, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 10, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 10 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945--1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-01.16.09.11, Handwritten notes by attorney, Estera Epstein, Part 11, ca 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The document contains handwritten notes by attorney Estera Epstein in Yiddish with Latin script. The document is 43 pages long. Part 11 of 11
Subject/Index Terms:
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Collaboration with German administration
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Epstein, Estera
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators on trials
Jewish courts of honor
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Yiddish, language
Documents in Yiddish language
narratives in Yiddish
Germany (1945 -- 1949)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Folder 10: RG-01.16.10, Handwritten List of 72 names, ca 1948Add to your cart.

The document contains a handwritten list of names of the individuals whose wartime and post-wartime activities were investigated by the Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the U.S. zone of occupation in Germany. They were charged with various crimes ranging from illegal actions in DP camps to more serious accusations of collaboration with the German-Nazi administrations in the occupied territories.

This list does not refer to a specific DP camp in the American zone of occupation in Germany where the people in question resided. Gleaned from the other documents, especially considering the testimony of Anna Przeworski-Pratt (Testimony of Anna Przeworski (Estera Epstein) in Polish in the form of a letter to a former Polish colleague, RG-01.01, pages: 13 - 16) most likely the list was from a DP camp in Landsberg.

There is a short note in reference to the given names. The note speaks specifically to their crimes, charges, time served in prison and so on. The cases varied from wartime collaborations with the German adminstration in the ghettos and concentration camps, to pretty crimes like stealing food or clothing in a particular DP camp.

The document is in Yiddish (in Latin script), Polish

Subject/Index Terms:
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US zone of occupation in Germany, activities
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany
Court of honor of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Occupation Zone of Germany
Jewish courts of honor--Munich (Germany)
Jewish courts of honor
Evidences of Nazi-German crimes against humanity, peace and warcrimes
Attitudes toward Nazi collaboration and/or collaborators
Collaboration with German administration
Investigation of Jewish collaborators
Jewish collaborators
Prisoner collaboration in Nazi-German concentration camps
Jewish collaborators on trials
War crimes trials--Post-WWII
Collaboration in ghettos
collaboration in the Holocaust
Collaboration of Jewish Administration in the Holocaust
Judenraete (Jewish councils)
Creators:
Epstein, Estera
Przeworski-Pratt, Anna
Legal Department of the Central Committee of Liberated Jews in the US Zone of Occupation in Germany
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.16.10.01, Handwritten List of 72 names, Part 1Add to your cart.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.16.10.02, Handwritten List of 72 names, Part 2Add to your cart.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-01.16.10.03, Handwritten List of 72 names, Part 3Add to your cart.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-01.16.10.04, Handwritten List of 72 names, Part 4Add to your cart.
Sub-Collection 17: RG-01.17, Otto Herskovic memoir, 1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic's memoir speaks to his wartime experience in German-occupied Belgium and Southern France. The memoir was written in 1946, when Herskovic was 15 years old. His memoir also includes clippings from wartime newspapers, maps, sketches, and photographs. Herskovic's description of the German invasion of Belgium, for example, is supplemented with sketches, maps, and photographs. The experience of German occupation and life in unoccupied southern France is also narrated in this style.
Extent: 31 pages of narration and 13 pages of sketches, maps, photographs, and journal entries
Language of Material: English
Subject/Index Terms:
Family life
Flight to France
Immigration to United States
Bombardments
Diaries--Wartime
Antwerp (Belgium)
German-occupied Belgium
Southern France
Tarn-et-Garonne (France)
Toulouse (France)
Herskovic, Otto
Herskovic family
Belgium (1939-1945)
Armed forces, Belgian, the Second World War
Photo-documents, wartime, 1939 -- 1945
Photo-documents, Belgium, 1939 -- 1945
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG 01.17.01, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 1, 1940Add to your cart.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium
Subject/Index Terms:
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, 1940
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Belgium (1939-1945)
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG 01.17.02, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 2, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Belgium (1939-1945)
France (1940 -- 1945)
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, 1940
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG 01.17.03, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 3, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Belgium (1939-1945)
France (1940 -- 1945)
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, 1940
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG 01.17.04, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 4, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Memoirs and recollections, photo-documents
Memoirs and recollections, photo-documents, Otto Herskovic
France (1940 -- 1945)
Belgian Royal House, 1940
Leopold III, King of Belgium, 1940
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Belgium (1939-1945)
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG 01.17.05, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 5, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Belgian Royal House, 1940
Leopold III, King of Belgium, 1940
Armed forces, Belgian, the Second World War
Soldiers, Belgian in the Second World War
Prisoners of war, Belgian in the Second World War
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, 1940
Memoirs and recollections, photo-documents
Memoirs and recollections, photo-documents, Otto Herskovic
Photo-documents, Belgium, 1939 -- 1945
Belgium (1939-1945)
The Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG 01.17.06, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 6, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Otto Herskovic, biography
Belgium (1939-1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Postwar recollections of the Holocaust
Postwar recollection of the Holocaust, Otto Herskovic
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG 01.17.07, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 7, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Otto Herskovic, biography
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Leopold III, King of Belgium, 1940
Geo-political situation in Belgium, 1940
Confrontation between Leopold III, King of Belgium and Belgian Government, 1940
Belgium (1939-1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG 01.17.08, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 8, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Personal recollection of the German invasion of Belgium, 1940, Otto Herskovic
Belgium (1939-1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG 01.17.09, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 9, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Antwerp (Belgium)
Evacuation from Belgium to France, civilians, 1940
Evacuation from Antwerp (Belgium) to France, civilians, 1940
Evacuation from Antwerp (Belgium) to France, civilians, 1940, Herskovic Family
Belgium (1939-1945)
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG 01.17.10, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 10, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, France, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Leopold III, King of Belgium, 1940
Otto Herskovic, reflections on the resistance of Belgian army to the German invasion, 1940
The role of King of Belgium, Leopold III in leading the defense against German invasion of 1940
Otto Herskovic, reflections on the Leopold III, King of Belgium
Belgium, history
Belgium (1939-1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG 01.17.11, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 11, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, France, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Evacuation from Belgium to France, civilians, 1940
Evacuation from Antwerp (Belgium) to France, civilians, 1940, Herskovic Family
Belgium (1939-1945)
France (1940 -- 1945)
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945, Herskovic Family
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG 01.17.12, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 12, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, France, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
Evacuation from Belgium to France, civilians, 1940
Evacuation from Antwerp (Belgium) to France, civilians, 1940, Herskovic Family
Warfare in Belgium, 1940
Belgium (1939-1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG 01.17.13, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 13, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, France, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
German invasion of France, 1940
Warfare in Belgium, 1940
Warfare in France, 1940
Siege of Dunkirk, France, 1940
Awareness of the warfare in Europe, 1940
Evacuation from Belgium to France, civilians, 1940
Belgium (1939-1945)
France (1939--1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG 01.17.14, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 14, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, France, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
German invasion of Belgium, 1940
German invasion of France, 1940
Evacuation from Belgium to France, civilians, 1940
Refugees, Belgian - Jewish
Belgium (1939-1945)
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG 01.17.15, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 15, 1940Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, Belgium, France, 1940
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Refugees, Belgian - Jewish
Aid-givers, French, 1940 -- 1945
Aid-givers, French, Herskovic Family, 1940 -- 1945
German invasion of France, 1940
Defiance of French population to German occupation, 1940 -- 1944
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG 01.17.16, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 16, 1940 -- 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollection, France, 1940 -- 1944
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945, Herskovic Family
Aid-givers, French, 1940 -- 1945
Aid-givers, French, Herskovic Family, 1940 -- 1945
Life in unoccupied France, 1940 -- 1942
Life in unoccupied France, 1940 -- 1942, Herskovic Family
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: RG 01.17.17, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 17, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollection, France, 1940 -- 1944
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945, Herskovic Family
Internment camps for foreigners and refugees, France, 1940 -- 1944
Internment camp for foreigners and refugees, France, 1940 -- 1944, Herskovic Family
Gaillac (Tarn, France)
Gaillac (France: Internment Camp)
Gaillac (France: Internment Camp), Herskovic Family
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: RG 01.17.18, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 18, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, France, 1940 -- 1942
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Gaillac (France: Internment Camp)
Gaillac (France: Internment Camp), Herskovic Family
Police and security forces, French
Release from the internment camps, French
Release from the Gaillac internment camp, France
Release from the Gaillac internment camp, France, Herskovic Family
Toulouse (France)
Brout - Vernet (Allier, France)
Children Homes in France
Children Homes in France, Otto Herskovic
Chateau Des Moreles, children home in Brout-Verent, France
Chateau Des Moreles in Brout-Vermet, Otto Herskovic
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: RG 01.17.19, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 19, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections,  France, 1940 -- 1942
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945
Belgian-Jewish refugees in France, 1940 -- 1945, Herskovic Family
Children Homes in France
Children Homes in France, Otto Herskovic
Brout - Vernet (Allier, France)
Chateau Des Moreles, children home in Brout-Verent, France
Chateau Des Moreles in Brout-Vermet, Otto Herskovic
Schooling for Jewish refugee children, France
Schooling for Jewish refugee children, France, Otto Herskovic
Transfer of children from Children Homes in France to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer of children from Chateau Des Moreles in Brout-Vernet, France to the US, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer of children from the Chateau Des Moreles, Brout-Vernet to the US, Otto Herskovic
Transfer routes of children from France to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer routes of children from France to the US, 1940 -- 1942, Otto Herskovic and his sister
France (1940 -- 1945)
Aid-givers, French, 1940 -- 1945
Aid-givers, French, Herskovic Family, 1940 -- 1945
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: RG 01.17.20, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 20, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, France, 1940 -- 1942
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Transfer of children from Chateau Des Moreles in Brout-Vernet, France to the US, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer of children from Children Homes in France to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer of children from the Chateau Des Moreles, Brout-Vernet to the US, Otto Herskovic
Transfer routes of children from France to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer routes of children from France to the US, 1940 -- 1942, Otto Herskovic and his sister
Aid-givers, French, 1940 -- 1945
Aid-givers, French, Herskovic Family, 1940 -- 1945
Aid-givers, French, Jewish children
Aid-givers, French, Jewish children, Otto Herskovic and his sister
American Red Cross
American Red Cross in France, 1940 -- 1942
American Red Cross in France, help to Jewish children, 1940 -- 1942
American Red Cross in France, help to Jewish children, 1940 -- 1942, Otto Herskovic and his sister
France (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: RG 01.17.21, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 21, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollection, France, Algeria, 1940 -- 1942
Subject/Index Terms:
Evacuation of Jewish children from France to the French Algeria, 1940 -- 1942
Evacuation of Jewish children from France to the French Algeria, 1940 -- 1942, Otto Herskovic
Sidi Bel Abbes (Algeria)
Algeria (Africa: Country)
Algeria (Africa: French oversea territory)
Transfer routes of Jewish children from France to Algeria, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer routes of Jewish children from France to Algeria, Otto Herskovic and his sister
France (1940 -- 1945)
Algeria (1940 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: RG 01.17.22, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 22, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollection, Algeria, Morocco, 1940 -- 1942
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, Otto Herskovic
Transfer of Jewish children from Algeria to Morocco en route to the US, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer of Jewish children from Algeria to Morocco en route to the US, Otto Herskovic
Algeria (1940 -- 1945)
Algeria (Africa: Country)
Algeria (Africa: French oversea territory)
Morocco (Africa: Kingdom)
Morocco (1940 -- 1945)
Casablanca (Morocco)
Evacuation of Jewish children from Morocco to the US, 1940 -- 1942
Evacuation of Jewish children from Morocco to the US, Otto Herskovic and his sister
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: RG 01.17.23, Otto Herskovic Memoirs. Part 23, 1940 -- 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Otto Herskovic, personal recollections, evacaution to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Personal memoirs and recollections, maps, Otto Herskovic
Rescue of children from German-controlled Europe, 1940 -- 1942
Rescue of children from German-controlled Europe, Otto Herskovic and his sister
Transfer routes of children from France to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer routes of children from Morocco to the United States, 1940 -- 1942
Transfer routes of children from Morocco to the United States, Otto Herskovic and his sister
American Red Cross
American Red Cross in Morocco, 1940 -- 1942
American Red Cross in Morocco, help to Jewish children, 1940 -- 1942
American Red Cross, help to Jewish children, Otto Herskovic and his sister
Baltimore (Maryland, United States)
United States (1939 -- 1945)
Narratives in English language
Documents in English language
Creators:
Herskovic, Otto
Sub-Collection 18: RG-01.18, John van Huzun wartime diary the Netherlands, 1944-1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
John van Huzun's diary reflects his experience under German occupation, noting Allied bombardments and the actions of the German administration in the occupied territories. He also narrated the mundane experiences of an average Dutch person in the German-occupied territory, as well as his own family affairs, and supplemented his entries with newspaper clippings and food ration coupons. The diary was kept during the last two years of the war, with the the first entry made on July 9, 1944 and the last entry made on February 12, 1945.
Language of Material: Dutch (original diary) and English (translated diary)
Subject/Index Terms:
Bombardments
Family life
Diaries--Wartime
Immigration to United States
Daily life in German-occupied Holland
Hiding
Liberation from German-occupation
Covert movement
Forced labor battalion escapes
Education
German-occupied Holland
van Huzun, John
van Huzun family
Creators:
van Huzun, John
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.18.01, John van Huzun, Diary, original text in Dutch, 1944--1945Add to your cart.
The wartime diary of John van Huzun.  This is the original text of the diary.  It was written in Dutch between 1944 and 1945.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bombardments
Covert movement
Daily life in German-occupied Holland
Diaries--Wartime
Education
Family life
Forced labor battalion escapes
German-occupied Holland
Hiding
Immigration to United States
Liberation from German-occupation
van Huzun, John
van Huzun family
Creators:
van Huzun, John
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-01.18.02, John van Huzon, Diary, translation to English, 1944--1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
The translation of the wartime diary of John van Huzun.  The diary was written between 1944 and 1945.  The document has been translated from Dutch to English.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bombardments
Covert movement
Daily life in German-occupied Holland
Diaries--Wartime
Education
Family life
Forced labor battalion escapes
German-occupied Holland
Hiding
Immigration to United States
Liberation from German-occupation
van Huzun, John
van Huzun family
Creators:
van Huzun, John
Sub-Collection 19: RG-01.19, Rysia Edelman, Wartime Memoir, PolandAdd to your cart.
The wartime memoir of Rysia Edelman.
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.19.01, Rysia Edelman Wartime MemoirAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
The wartime memoir of Rysia Edelman.
Sub-Collection 20: RG-01.20, Ernest (Jacob) Lorant memoir, Hungary, 1944-1946Add to your cart.
Published memoir by Ernest (Jacob) Lorant entitled "My Life Under the Nazi Regime During the Second World War (From March 19, 1944 - March 26, 1946)".
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Budapest (Hungary)
Narratives in English language
family histories
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-01.20.01, Ernest (Jacob) Lorant memoir, Hungary 1944-1946, 1944-1946Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
Published memoir by Ernest (Jacob) Lorant entitled "My Life Under the Nazi Regime During the Second World War (From March 19, 1944 - March 26, 1946)".
Subject/Index Terms:
Personal memoirs and recollections
Budapest (Hungary)
Narratives in English language

Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-01.01, Irena Lusky Collection, 1976 -- 1977],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-01.02, Nika Fleissig papers, ca. 1920-1989],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-01.03, Collection of Dachau diaries and letters, 1933-1945],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-01.04, Anna Przeworska-Pratt papers, 1939 -1973],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-01.05, Siegfried Halbreich papers, 1939 -- 1970s],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-01.06, Barry Ziff papers, 1944-1945],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-01.07, Erica Leon Testimony],
[Sub-Collection 8: RG-01.08, Anna Lipszyc papers, 1939 -- 1946],
[Sub-Collection 9: RG-01.09, Betti Gerard papers, 1936-1949],
[Sub-Collection 10: RG-01.10, Marta Mitdank testimony, 15 October 1946],
[Sub-Collection 11: RG-01.11, Dawid Gertler papers, 1948-1949],
[Sub-Collection 12: RG-01.12, Ludwik Hirshfeld memoir, 1946],
[Sub-Collection 13: RG-01.13, Josef Broide papers, 1979],
[Sub-Collection 14: RG-01.14, Henryk Gliksman papers, 1948-1949],
[Sub-Collection 15: RG-01.15, Alice Schragai memoir, 21 January 1982],
[Sub-Collection 16: RG-01.16, Central Committee of Liberated Jews in U.S. Zone of Occupation in Germany papers, 1946-1949],
[Sub-Collection 17: RG-01.17, Otto Herskovic memoir, 1946],
[Sub-Collection 18: RG-01.18, John van Huzun wartime diary the Netherlands, 1944-1945],
[Sub-Collection 19: RG-01.19, Rysia Edelman, Wartime Memoir, Poland],
[Sub-Collection 20: RG-01.20, Ernest (Jacob) Lorant memoir, Hungary, 1944-1946],
[All]


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