Records Relating to Postwar Trials for the Crim... | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust
This record group contains three collections, namely a David Lippert Collection, Jim and Jessica Watson Collections and Collection of trial records from the Nurnberg Trials Against Peace, Humanity and War Crimes. All collections deal with the postwar trials organized and administered by the Allies in Germany. Largely these trails embedded crimes against peace, humanity and war crimes. The culprits were individuals from a high echelon of the Nazi authorities including NSDAP, SS, Gestapo, SA, SD and Wehrmacht. The trials, conducted in the American zone of occupation in Germany, were administered by the international team of judges, prosecutors and lawyers.
A David Lippert Collection comprises narratives penned by the judge David Lippert. He analyses the new principles of the International Military Tribunal organized by the mutual Allies’ agreement for the purpose to bring to justice and to outlaw the crimes against peace, humanity, as well as the war crimes. Judge Lippert theorizes over the new legal principles that came into international legal practice as a result of Nurnberg International Military Tribunal, 1945 – 1946 and then were further developed by the United Nations. Until Federal Republic of Germany was established in October 1949, the international teams of jurists were primarily responsible for conducting multiple trials over the former members of Nazi party, German security agencies and the military who were regarded responsible for the crimes against peace, humanity and for the war crimes.
In other words, A David Lippert Collection comprises theoretical discourse over the new principal of international law and its eliciting into practical implementation.
Jim and Jessica Watson Collection comprises ample high profile trials conducted by the Allies’ jurists in Nurnberg in 1947 – 1948. These records, in German language, represent the court proceedings in the number of sound cases, such as United States of America vs. Otto Ohlendorf et.al; United States of America vs. Ernst von Weizsaecker, et. al; and Final Brief of the Criminal Responsibility of Weizsaecker, Steengracht, Woerman Under Count V of the Indictment (Murder of the Jews of Europe,. Part I, Part I1, Nurnberg, 15 November 1948. Another sub-collection is the Buchenwald Case or The United States of America vs. Josias Prince Zu Waldek Et Al. A wide array of Nazi governmental and military high-ranking officials stood trials for various crimes including perpetration of murder by command and for the conspiracy.
There is also a separate collection of court records on a series of Nurnberg Trials against Peace, Humanity and War Crimes. This collection consists of the theoretical documents such as Principles and Recommendations on conducting trials against peace, humanity and war crimes. Separate proceedings reflect investigations and trials conducted because of the mass extermination of the European Jewry. Two documents comprise lists of the accused, incriminated to them crimes and sentencing.